International Journal of Architecture, Arts and Applications

Submit a Manuscript

Publishing with us to make your research visible to the widest possible audience.

Propose a Special Issue

Building a community of authors and readers to discuss the latest research and develop new ideas.

Adaptability in Energy Efficient Office Building Design

Office Buildings are expected to provide adequate support to different clerical operations considering CO2 emissions and adaptable spaces. However, most office buildings fall short of these requirements. This study aimed to promote Adaptability in energy-efficient office buildings. Hence, reducing CO2 emissions as it relates to climate change. Flexibility is a vital requirement in office operations, but most tenantable office buildings lack this, especially in fitting workspace into different work configurations. The research method was based on case studies using a descriptive method of data analysis to conduct qualitative and quantitative research in investigating patterns of adaptable office spaces considering eco-friendly energy sources for office operations. This allowed the study to evaluate the drawbacks of existing office buildings and to recommend the best strategies and flexible layouts. Studies revealed that most office buildings were not adaptable to different work settings traceable to dedicated office layouts to specific functions. The research recommended the best office arrangements/templates for effective operations, adaptability, and minimizing CO2 emissions. Consequently, office buildings should be responsive in providing flexible space and saving energy. To accomplish this development, the building must benefit from an integrated design approach that focuses on meeting a list of objectives that addresses CO2 emissions while at the same time offering users increased working satisfaction, productivity, and greater flexibility in different work conditions.

Adaptability, Buildings, Energy, Efficiency, Office

APA Style

Noah Gethsemane Akhimien, Kingsley Okechukwu Dimuna. (2022). Adaptability in Energy Efficient Office Building Design. International Journal of Architecture, Arts and Applications, 8(3), 106-111.

ACS Style

Noah Gethsemane Akhimien; Kingsley Okechukwu Dimuna. Adaptability in Energy Efficient Office Building Design. Int. J. Archit. Arts Appl. 2022, 8(3), 106-111. doi: 10.11648/j.ijaaa.20220803.12

AMA Style

Noah Gethsemane Akhimien, Kingsley Okechukwu Dimuna. Adaptability in Energy Efficient Office Building Design. Int J Archit Arts Appl. 2022;8(3):106-111. doi: 10.11648/j.ijaaa.20220803.12

Copyright © 2022 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License ( which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

1. Addis, W. & Schouten, J., 2004. Principles of design for deconstruction to facilitate reuse and recycling. London: CIRIA.
2. Akpan N. and Griffin J., 2018. Here’s proof that open office layouts don’t work, and how to fix them. USA: NewsHour Productions LLC.
3. Applied Workplace, 2016. The World’s Best & Worst Office Designs. Christchurch: Applied Workplace Limited.
4. Borzykowski B., 2017. Why open offices are bad for us. BBC Worklife. United Kingdom: BBC’s international journalism.
5. CIBSE Guide A., 2018. Environmental design. The Chartered Institution of Building Services Engineers.
6. Edmonds, J. and Gorgolewski, M., 2000. Design for adaptability in steel: Steel-Reuse Information Paper, No. 1, Ryerson University.
7. Gerwin, D., 1993. Manufacturing flexibility: A strategic perspective. Management Science, 39 (4), 395.
8. Kendall, S. and Teicher, J. 2000. Residential Open Building, London and New York: E & FN Spon.
9. Kennedy Smith, 2006. Categorization of office space is flexible. St. Louis Daily Record & St. Louis Countian.
10. Naim, M. M.; Potter, A. T.; Mason, R. J. and Bateman, N., 2006. The role of transport flexibility in logistics provision. The International Journal of Logistics Management, 17, 297-311.
11. Slaughter, S. E., 2001. Design strategies to increase building flexibility, Building Research & Information, 29 (3), 208-217.
12. Stewart Brand, 1994. How Buildings Learn. New York: Viking.
13. Swafford, P. M.; Ghosh, S. and Nagash, N. M., 2006. A framework for assessing value chain agility. International Journal of Operations and Production Management, 26 (2), 118-140.
14. Upton, D. M., 1994. The management of manufacturing flexibility. California Management Review 36 (2), 72.
15. Webb, R., Kelly, J. and Thomson, D., 1997. Building services component reuse: an FM response to the need for adaptability, Facilities 15 (12/13), 316–322.
16. Zhang, J.; Athalye, R. A.; Hart, P. R.; Rosenberg, M. I.; Xie, Y. L.; Goel, S.; Mendon, V. V. and Liu, B., 2013. Energy and Energy Cost Savings Analysis of the IECC for Commercial Buildings. PNNL-22760, Pacific Northwest National Laboratory: Richland, WA.