Animal and Veterinary Sciences

Submit a Manuscript

Publishing with us to make your research visible to the widest possible audience.

Propose a Special Issue

Building a community of authors and readers to discuss the latest research and develop new ideas.

Research Article |

Knowledge, Attitudes, and Practices Regarding Rabies Among People in Mogadishu, Somalia: A Cross-Sectional Study

Rabies is a severe viral zoonotic disease with significant public health implications, especially in regions with limited healthcare infrastructure like Somalia. This study aimed to assess the knowledge, attitudes, and practices of residents in Mogadishu regarding rabies. A cross-sectional study was conducted from May 2022 to February 2023 in five districts of the Banadir region, focusing on areas with a higher stray dog population. Data were collected from 384 respondents through a structured questionnaire. The majority of respondents were female (52.1%) and aged 32-38 (31.3%), with a literacy level of education (53.1%). Hamarweyne, Abdiaziiz, and Dharkeynley districts had the highest participation. Although 98.4% had heard of rabies, misconceptions regarding its cause, transmission, and clinical signs were prevalent. Only 60.9% knew vaccination could prevent rabies, and 76.6% recognized its zoonotic transmission. The study revealed an inadequate understanding of the role of stray dogs in rabies transmission, with only 34.9% considering dog population control essential. Furthermore, 68.5% did not believe reducing dogs would decrease rabies. This study underscores the urgent need for targeted educational campaigns in Mogadishu to enhance knowledge and awareness about rabies. Emphasis should be placed on accurate information about rabies' etiology, transmission, clinical presentation, and prevention. Initiatives promoting responsible pet ownership and dog population control should be implemented. Addressing these knowledge gaps and attitudes will empower public health authorities to develop effective rabies prevention and control strategies in Mogadishu, reducing its devastating impact on the population.

Rabies, Knowledge, Attitudes, Practices, Mogadishu, Somalia

APA Style

Abdullahi Mohmed, S., Abdulkadir Mohamed, F., Mustapha Mahmoud, I., Mohamed Abdi, F., Barre, A. (2023). Knowledge, Attitudes, and Practices Regarding Rabies Among People in Mogadishu, Somalia: A Cross-Sectional Study. Animal and Veterinary Sciences, 11(6), 136-142.

ACS Style

Abdullahi Mohmed, S.; Abdulkadir Mohamed, F.; Mustapha Mahmoud, I.; Mohamed Abdi, F.; Barre, A. Knowledge, Attitudes, and Practices Regarding Rabies Among People in Mogadishu, Somalia: A Cross-Sectional Study. Anim. Vet. Sci. 2023, 11(6), 136-142. doi: 10.11648/j.avs.20231106.11

AMA Style

Abdullahi Mohmed S, Abdulkadir Mohamed F, Mustapha Mahmoud I, Mohamed Abdi F, Barre A. Knowledge, Attitudes, and Practices Regarding Rabies Among People in Mogadishu, Somalia: A Cross-Sectional Study. Anim Vet Sci. 2023;11(6):136-142. doi: 10.11648/j.avs.20231106.11

Copyright © 2023 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License ( which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

1. World Health Organization (WHO). (2019). Rabies. Retrieved from
2. Ghasemzadeh I, Namazi SH. Review of bacterial and viral zoonotic infections transmitted by dogs. J Med Life. 2015; 8: 1-5.
3. Gele AA, Ahmed MY, Kour P, Moallim SA, Salad AM, Kumar B. Beneficiaries of conflict: a qualitative study of people's trust in the private health care system in Mogadishu, Somalia. Risk Manag Healthc Policy. 2017; 1-10: 127-135.
4. Nyasulu PS, Weyer J, Tschopp R, Mihret A, Aseffa A, Nuvor SV, Tamuzi JL, Nyakarahuka L, Helegbe GK, Ntinginya NE, Gebreyesus MT, Doumbia S, Busse R, Drosten C. Rabies mortality and morbidity associated with animal bites in Africa: a case for integrated rabies disease surveillance, prevention and control: a scoping review. BMJ Open. 2021 12; 11-23.
5. Nel LH. Discrepancies in data reporting for rabies, Africa. Emerg Infect Dis. 2013 19 (4): 529-533.
6. Mohamed SA, Mohamud AI, Mohamed YA, Mishra P, Jama OS. Assessment of knowledge, attitude, and practices of population towards brucellosis in Benadir Region, Somalia.
7. Sambo, M., & Lembo, T. Introduction, History, and Epidemiology of Rabies in Africa. Current Topics in Microbiology and Immunology. 2013; 365: 1-19.
8. Borse RH, Atkins CY, Gambhir M, Undurraga EA, Blanton JD, Kahn EB, Dyer JL, Rupprecht CE, Meltzer MI. Cost-effectiveness of dog rabies vaccination programs in East Africa. PLoS neglected tropical diseases. 2018 May 23; 12(5): e0006490.
9. Abela-Ridder, B., Knopf, L., Martin, S., Taylor, L., & Torres, G. The beginning of the end of rabies? The Lancet Global Health. 2016; 4: 12-24.
10. Li D, Liu Q, Chen F, Jiang Q, Wang T, Yin X, Lu Z, Cao S. Knowledge, attitudes and practices regarding to rabies and its prevention and control among bite victims by suspected rabid animals in China. One Health. 2021; 8: 13-24.
11. Bahiru A, Molla W, Yizengaw L, Mekonnen SA, Jemberu WT. Knowledge, attitude and practice related to rabies among residents of Amhara region, Ethiopia. Heliyon. 2022 Nov 1; 8(11).
12. Ebuy Y, Alemayehu T, Reda M, Berhe M, Bsrat A. Community knowledge, attitude and practice on rabies, incidence in humans and animals and risk factors to rabies in selected districts of Tigray Region, Ethiopia. Nigerian Veterinary Journal. 2019 Dec 10; 40(2): 147-63.
13. Hasanov E, Zeynalova S, Geleishvili M, Maes E, Tongren E, Marshall E, Banyard A, McElhinney LM, Whatmore AM, Fooks AR, Horton DL. Assessing the impact of public education on a preventable zoonotic disease: rabies. Epidemiology & Infection. 2018 Jan; 146(2): 227-35.
14. Dacheux L, Wacharapluesadee S, Hemachudha T, Meslin FX, Buchy P, Reynes JM, Bourhy H. More accurate insight into the incidence of human rabies in developing countries through validated laboratory techniques. PLoS neglected tropical diseases. 2010 Nov 30; 4(11): e765.
15. Menghistu HT, Thaiyah AG, Bajitie M, Bundi J, Gugssa G, Bsrat A, Kirui G, Kitaa JM, Tsegaye Y, Teferi T. Free roaming dogs and the communities’ knowledge, attitude and practices of rabies incidence/human exposures: Cases of selected settings in Ethiopia and Kenya. Ethiopian Journal of Health Development. 2018; 32(1).
17. Singh US, Choudhary SK. Knowledge, attitude, behavior and practice study on dog-bites and its management in the context of prevention of rabies in a rural community of Gujarat. Indian journal of community medicine. 2005 Jul 1; 30(3): 81-3.
18. Edukugho AA, Umoh JU, Diem M, Ajani O, Uba B, Okeke L, Adedire E, Adefisoye A, Edukugho C, Nguku P. Knowledge, attitudes and practices towards rabies prevention among residents of Abuja municipal area council, Federal Capital Territory, Nigeria. Pan African Medical Journal. 2018 Sep 10; 31(1).
19. Knobel D. Aspects of dog ownership and canine rabies control in Africa and Asia (Doctoral dissertation, University of Edinburgh)
20. Mohamud AI, Mohamed SA, Abdullahi K. Assessments of a COVID-19 vaccine acceptance rate in population of Benadir region, Somalia. J Dent Med Sci. 2021 Jan 8; 20(1): 1-4.