American Journal of Zoology

Submit a Manuscript

Publishing with us to make your research visible to the widest possible audience.

Propose a Special Issue

Building a community of authors and readers to discuss the latest research and develop new ideas.

Ovine Ixodid Ticks Infestation Prevalence in and Around Jimma Town, South West of Ethiopia

A cross-sectional study carried out from April 2021 to May 2022 in order to determine the prevalence of tick infestation and associated risk factors in Sheep in and around Jimma Town, South West of Ethiopia. Total of 384 Sheep of different age groups and body conditions were so selected, and 334 (86.98%) of them were harboring ticks. The high prevalence within age groups, sex and body condition score of animals showed statistically significant differences (P<0.05) while statistical relationship between tick infestation and animal origin, insignificant (p > 0.05). High tick infestation rate recorded in sheep with adult of (88.5%) and old of (83.1%) than with young of (36.8%) age group. Similarly, high tick infestation of 89% noted in sheep with poor body condition while 87% & 74.8% of tick infestation verified in sheep with medium and good body condition, in that order. Five tick species, grouped under four genera, Rhipicephalus evertsi, Hyalomma truncatum, Amblyomma varigatum, Rhipicephalus pulchellus & Rhipicephalus (Bophilus) decoloratus of tick species identified along with the multi species of tick with 25.5%, 22.7%, 12.2%, 10.7%, 9.6% and 6.2% of prevalence, respectively. As an inference that ticks were the most important production and health problems for sheep in the study area. The ever-increasing threat of ovine ticks, so, warrants the systematic use of acaricides and the awareness of pet owners to prevent and control ticks, appositely.

Ovine, Tick, Prevalence, Risk-Factors, Jimma, Ethiopia

APA Style

Teshita Sediso, Kinfe Kibebew. (2023). Ovine Ixodid Ticks Infestation Prevalence in and Around Jimma Town, South West of Ethiopia. American Journal of Zoology, 6(2), 20-25. https://doi.org/10.11648/j.ajz.20230602.11

ACS Style

Teshita Sediso; Kinfe Kibebew. Ovine Ixodid Ticks Infestation Prevalence in and Around Jimma Town, South West of Ethiopia. Am. J. Zool. 2023, 6(2), 20-25. doi: 10.11648/j.ajz.20230602.11

AMA Style

Teshita Sediso, Kinfe Kibebew. Ovine Ixodid Ticks Infestation Prevalence in and Around Jimma Town, South West of Ethiopia. Am J Zool. 2023;6(2):20-25. doi: 10.11648/j.ajz.20230602.11

Copyright © 2023 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

1. Abebe, R., Tatek, M., Megersa, B., and Sheferewu, D. (2011): Prevalence of Small Ruminant Ectoparasites and Associated Risk Factors in Selected Districts of Tigray Region, Ethiopia. Global Veterinaria. 7 (5): 433-437.
2. Abunna, F., Kasasa, B., Shelima, B., Megersa, B., Regassa, A., and Amenu, K. (2007): Survey of tick infestation in small ruminants of Miesso district, West Harargie, Oromia Region, Ethiopia. Tropical Animal Health and Production, 41: 969-972.
3. Abunna, F., Amuamuta, A., and Kassahun, (2012): Survey of tick infestation in small ruminants in and around Adama town, Oromia Region, Ethiopia, 6 (5), 170.
4. Abunna, F., Turaand. J., and Regassa, A. (2012): Status of tick’s infestation in small ruminants, Bedelle district, Oromia Region, Ethiopia. Global Veterinarian. 8 (5): 459-462.
5. Bedasso, M., Abebe, B., & Hailu, D. (2014): Species composition, prevalence and seasonal variation of Ixodid cattle ticks in and around Haramaya town, Ethiopia. Journal of Veterinary Medicine and Animal Health, 6, 131–137.
6. Belay, W. and Enyew, M. (2016): Identification and Prevalence of hard tick in and around Sude Woreda, Arsi Zone, Ethiopia. An International Peer-reviewed Journal. 28.
7. CSA, (2005): Ethiopian Statistical Abstract. Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia. Central Statistical Agency (CSA), Addis Ababa, Ethiopia.
8. Eyo, J. E., Ekeh, F. N., Ivoke, N., Atama, C. I., Onah, I. E., Ezenwaji, N. E. & Ikele, C. B. (2014): Survey of Tick Infestation of Cattle at Four Selected Grazing Sites in the Tropics. Global Veterinarian, 12, 479-486.
9. Eyob, E., and Matios, L. (2014): Preliminary Survey on the Distribution of Ixodid Ticks in small Ruminants of Dhas district of Borena pastoral area, Southern Rangelands of Ethiopia. Advanced in Biological research. 5: 87-91.
10. Gatenby, M. R. (2002): Sheep, revised edition. The Tropical Agriculturalist, CTA and Macmillan, Wageningen. Pp: 128-135.
11. Gebre, S., Nigist, M. and Kassa, B. (2001): Seasonal Variation of Ticks on Calves at Sebeta in Western Shewa Zone. Ethiopian Veterinary Journal, 7, 17-30.
12. Horak, I. G., Stoltzs, W. H., and Heyne, H. (2003): Short course in the identification of southern and northeast African ticks. Department of Veterinary Tropical Diseases, Faculty of Veterinary Science, University of Pretoria, South Africa. Pp: 110.
13. Huruma, G., Abdurhaman, M., Gebre, S. and Deresa B (2015): Identification of Tick Species and Their Prevalence in and around Sebeta Town. Journal of Parasitology and Vector Biology, 7, 1-8.
14. Lloyd, S. (1983): Effect of pregnancy and lactation up on infection. Vet. Immunol. Immuno - path. 4: 153-176.
15. Marufu, M. C. (2008): Prevalence of Ticks and Tick-Borne Diseases in Cattle on Communal Rangelands in the Highland Areas of the Eastern Cape Province. MSc Thesis, University of Fort Hare, Alice.
16. Mesfin, T. and Lemma, M. (2001): The Role of Traditional Veterinary Herbal Medicine and Its Constraints in the Animal Health Care System in Ethiopia. In: Medhin, Z. and Abebe, D., Eds., Conservation and Sustainable Use of Medicinal Plants in Ethiopia, Institute of Biodiversity Conservation and Research, Addis Ababa, 22-28.
17. MoARD (2008): The Effect of Skin and Hide Quality on Domestic and Export Market and Evaluation of the Campaign against Ectoparasites of Sheep and Goat in Amhara, Tigray and afar Region. Official Report to Region and Other Sectors, Addis Ababa.
18. Nigus,. B. and Basaznew, B.(2016): Prevalence of Ixodid Ticks on Cattle in and around Jabitehenan Wereda, North Western Ethiopia. Acta Parasitological Globalis 7 (1): 22-26.
19. Olwoch, J. M., Revers, B. and Van Jaarsveld, A. S. (2009): Host Parasite Distribution Patterns under Simulated Climate: Int., Journal of Current Research, 4, 073-076.
20. Onu, S. H. and Shiferaw, T. Z. (2013): Prevalence of Ectoparasite Infestations of Cattle in Bench Maji Zone, Southwest Ethiopia. Veterinary World, 6, 291-294.
21. Rajput, Z. I., Hu, S. H., Chen, W. J., Arijo, A. G. and Xiao, C. W. (2006): Importance of Ticks and Their Chemical and Immunological Control in Livestock. Journal of Zhejiang University Science B, 7, 912-921. http://dx.doi.org/10.1631/jzus.2006.B0912
22. Rasmi, G. R., M. Glinsharifodini and S. Sarvi, (2007): Prevalence of Ixodids ticks on small ruminants in Mazandoran province, Iran, Korean. Global Veterinaria. 68: 12-15.
23. Regasa, T. D., Kebede Tsegay, A. and Waktole, H. (2015): Prevalence of Major Ecto-parasites of Calves and Associated Risk Factors in and around Bishoftu Town. African Journal of Agricultural Research, 10, 1127-1135.
24. Seid, B. (2004): Survey of cattle tick species in and Around Mizzens Teferi, Bench Majizone of SNNPS. DVM Thesis, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Addis Ababa University Debrezeit, Ethiopia.
25. Sertse, T., and Wosene, A. (2007): A study on ectoparasites of sheep and goats in eastern part of Amhara region, North East Ethiopia. Small Ruminant Research. 69: 62-67.
26. Sileshi M, Pegram RG, Solomon G, Abebe M, Yilma J, Sileshi Z (2007): A synthesis of review of Ixodids (Acari: Ixodidae) and Argas (Acari: Argasidae) ticks in Ethiopia and their possible role in diseases transmission. Ethiopia Vet. J. 2: 1-22.
27. Solomon, G., Night, M., and Kaaya, GP. (2001): Seasonal variation of ticks on calves at Sabetha, Western Shewa zone. Ethiopia Vet. J. 7 (1 & 2): 17-30.
28. Tadesse, B. and Sultan, A. (2014): Prevalence and Distribution of Tick Infestation on Cattle at Fitche Selale, North Shewa, Ethiopia, Livestock Research for Rura Development, 26.
29. Tewodros, F., Fasil, W., Mersha, C., and Malede, B. (2012): Prevalence of Ectoparasites on Small Ruminants in and Around Gondar Town. Journal of Scientific Research. 7 (3): 106 111.
30. Thrusfield M (2007): Veterinary Epidemiology, Government Department of Navy Bureau, 3rd Ed. UK Black Well Science Ltd. Pp: 182-198.
31. Walker, A. R., Bouatour, J. L., Camicas, A., Estrada Pena, I. G., Horak, A. A., Latif, R. G., Pegram, R. G., and Preston, P. M. (2007): Tick of domestic animals in Africa: A Guide to identification of species. Bioscience Report. Pp: 1-221.
32. Walker, A., Bovattour, J., Camicas, I., Horak and Latif, A. (2003): Ticks of domestic animals in Africa: A guide to identification of species. Bio Science. Report. Pp: 1-122. Wallingford, UK. Pp: 440-485.
33. Welburn, S. C. (2013): Ixodid Ticks of Traditionally Managed Cattle in Central Nigeria: Where Rhipicephalus (Boophilus) microplus. Parasit-Vectors, 6, 171.
34. Yacob, H. T., Yalow, A. T., and Dink, A. A. (2008): Ectoparasites prevalence in sheep and in goats in and around Wolaita Soddo, Southern Ethiopia American-Eurasian Journal of Agriculture and Environmental Scientific Research. 159: 450-454.