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The Geometry, Electronic Structure and Response Properties of Trans Polyacetylene, a First Principle Study

Polyacetylene, as the simplest and the most typical conjugated polymer system with great potentials in electronics industry, was intensively studied both experimentally and theoretically in the recent decades. Many important issues about polyacetylene have been made clear, but there are still some important questions to be answered by further study. Quantum chemists often choose to extrapolate the oligomer properties to obtain the polymer properties, while the solid state physicists prefer to start with periodic boundary condition. In this article, the geometry, electronic structure and polarizability and the second hyper-polarizability of trans polyacetylene chain were studied with first principles calculations. Several commonly used functionals and basis sets were used in the study. Comparing with experimental results, the chemical model CAMB3LYP with 6-311G(d,p) basis set presents a good description for geometry, electronic structure and polarizabilities of trans polyacetylene. Response of trans polyacetylene to a longitudinal electrostatic field along the chain were obtained within the finite field scheme, and the polarizability and second hyper-polarizability were compared with those extrapolated from oligomers. It was found that the polarizability and the second hyper-polarizability of trans polyacetylene are much larger than those obtained through quadratic extrapolation from oligomer polyenes, as shows the computational study starting from periodic boundary conditions is essentially important.

First Principles, Polyacetylene, Electronic Structure, Polarizability, Second Hyperpolarizability

APA Style

Ying Ye, Qingxu Li. (2023). The Geometry, Electronic Structure and Response Properties of Trans Polyacetylene, a First Principle Study. American Journal of Quantum Chemistry and Molecular Spectroscopy, 7(1), 16-19. https://doi.org/10.11648/j.ajqcms.20230701.13

ACS Style

Ying Ye; Qingxu Li. The Geometry, Electronic Structure and Response Properties of Trans Polyacetylene, a First Principle Study. Am. J. Quantum Chem. Mol. Spectrosc. 2023, 7(1), 16-19. doi: 10.11648/j.ajqcms.20230701.13

AMA Style

Ying Ye, Qingxu Li. The Geometry, Electronic Structure and Response Properties of Trans Polyacetylene, a First Principle Study. Am J Quantum Chem Mol Spectrosc. 2023;7(1):16-19. doi: 10.11648/j.ajqcms.20230701.13

Copyright © 2023 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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