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Factors Influencing Separation of Umbilical Cord at Edagahamus Hospital in Eritrea

Resource limited settings in the world continue to face neonatal complications at birth like umbilical cord infections which poses a greater risk of neonatal morbidity and mortality. The enormous impact is felt in low-income countries, hence, need for further research. At birth, the neonate is vulnerable due to the delicate skin which can be easily damaged by microorganisms. There are various sources of contamination of the umbilicus by microbes especially bacteria from the birth canal and contact with the caregivers. Facility contamination by microbes for instance, Staphylococcal organisms are inevitably the commonest found to be the leading contaminants. The research team compiled a questionnaire that was used with an estimated period between 12 to 15 minutes. Mothers were allowed to ask any doubts from the questions during the time of data collection and were told to dial the team members on the separation day of the cord. Statistically, p-value of (0.05) was considered and taken as a benchmark for the level of significance. Study participants age extended between 18 to 43 years (mean of 28.4±5.04 years). 80.5% of the mothers were housewives and 97.1 of the mothers reside in the city, 94.6% of them claimed that they have taken tetanus vaccination. Caesarean section has been observed to prolong umbilical cord separation among infants compared to those delivered via other modes. This is attributable to less microbes found on the newborns skin especially through cesarean section. In reference to this study findings, the frequency of umbilicus wetness affects the cord separation, for example bathing the neonate or applying a wet towel to wipe the infant’s body when compared to other studies whereby it was found out that the drier the umbilical cord the faster it separates. This study has been convicted that elimination of wetness on the neonate’s umbilical cord enhances faster detachment as well as control of infections and therefore, recommends the application of the concept dry care as an effective way for cord care.

Umbilical Cord Separation Time, Newborn, Neonate, Hygienic Umbilical Cord

APA Style

Afewerki Ghebregziabher Habtemichael, Haben Berhane Embaye, Feven Beletse Negash, Feven Misghina, Laban Lebahati Simel, et al. (2023). Factors Influencing Separation of Umbilical Cord at Edagahamus Hospital in Eritrea. American Journal of Nursing and Health Sciences, 4(3), 57-61.

ACS Style

Afewerki Ghebregziabher Habtemichael; Haben Berhane Embaye; Feven Beletse Negash; Feven Misghina; Laban Lebahati Simel, et al. Factors Influencing Separation of Umbilical Cord at Edagahamus Hospital in Eritrea. Am. J. Nurs. Health Sci. 2023, 4(3), 57-61. doi: 10.11648/j.ajnhs.20230403.11

AMA Style

Afewerki Ghebregziabher Habtemichael, Haben Berhane Embaye, Feven Beletse Negash, Feven Misghina, Laban Lebahati Simel, et al. Factors Influencing Separation of Umbilical Cord at Edagahamus Hospital in Eritrea. Am J Nurs Health Sci. 2023;4(3):57-61. doi: 10.11648/j.ajnhs.20230403.11

Copyright © 2023 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License ( which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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