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Effects of Combined Aerobic and Resistance Exercise on Health-Related Fitness in Sedentary Overweight Middle–Aged Men

Objective: Regular physical activity improves health-related fitness. However, the influence of different types of exercise has not been widely analyzed. The aim of this study was to analyze the effects of combined exercise (aerobic exercise and muscle strengthening) on physical capacity, lipid and cardiovascular profiles in overweight middle-aged men. Methods: Forty (40) men were randomly assigned to two groups: an experimental group (EG) and a control group (CG). The experimental group trained for 12 weeks, three times a week for 60 min per session at 60-75% of their reserve heart rate. The control group was told to stay without physical exercise. Results: The Mann-Whitney U test for paired samples was used. The experimental group recorded a significant increase (P>0.05) in V02max, flexibility, strength and muscular endurance. Waist to hip ratio (WHR) and body mass index were significantly decreased (P>0.05) while there was no improvement in control group. Exercise also significantly reduced resting heart rate and diastolic blood pressure. Triglycerides (TG), total cholesterol (TC), HDL and LDL were significantly improved (P>0.05). Conclusion: Our research suggests that physical exercise combining aerobic exercise and resistance exercises accomplished three times a week for 60 min a session to moderate intensity is effective positive to improve health-related fitness components in sedentary overweight middle –aged men.

Blood Lipids, Cardiovascular Disease, Exercise, Health-Related Fitness

APA Style

Bizimana Jean-Berchmans, Ndikumasabo Josias, Ngayimbesha Adrien, Barres Fousséni Ismaël El-Mansour. (2023). Effects of Combined Aerobic and Resistance Exercise on Health-Related Fitness in Sedentary Overweight Middle–Aged Men. American Journal of Nursing and Health Sciences, 4(2), 43-49.

ACS Style

Bizimana Jean-Berchmans; Ndikumasabo Josias; Ngayimbesha Adrien; Barres Fousséni Ismaël El-Mansour. Effects of Combined Aerobic and Resistance Exercise on Health-Related Fitness in Sedentary Overweight Middle–Aged Men. Am. J. Nurs. Health Sci. 2023, 4(2), 43-49. doi: 10.11648/j.ajnhs.20230402.12

AMA Style

Bizimana Jean-Berchmans, Ndikumasabo Josias, Ngayimbesha Adrien, Barres Fousséni Ismaël El-Mansour. Effects of Combined Aerobic and Resistance Exercise on Health-Related Fitness in Sedentary Overweight Middle–Aged Men. Am J Nurs Health Sci. 2023;4(2):43-49. doi: 10.11648/j.ajnhs.20230402.12

Copyright © 2023 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License ( which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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