American Journal of Nursing and Health Sciences

Submit a Manuscript

Publishing with us to make your research visible to the widest possible audience.

Propose a Special Issue

Building a community of authors and readers to discuss the latest research and develop new ideas.

Effects of Combined Aerobic and Resistance Exercise on Health-Related Fitness in Sedentary Overweight Middle–Aged Men

Objective: Regular physical activity improves health-related fitness. However, the influence of different types of exercise has not been widely analyzed. The aim of this study was to analyze the effects of combined exercise (aerobic exercise and muscle strengthening) on physical capacity, lipid and cardiovascular profiles in overweight middle-aged men. Methods: Forty (40) men were randomly assigned to two groups: an experimental group (EG) and a control group (CG). The experimental group trained for 12 weeks, three times a week for 60 min per session at 60-75% of their reserve heart rate. The control group was told to stay without physical exercise. Results: The Mann-Whitney U test for paired samples was used. The experimental group recorded a significant increase (P>0.05) in V02max, flexibility, strength and muscular endurance. Waist to hip ratio (WHR) and body mass index were significantly decreased (P>0.05) while there was no improvement in control group. Exercise also significantly reduced resting heart rate and diastolic blood pressure. Triglycerides (TG), total cholesterol (TC), HDL and LDL were significantly improved (P>0.05). Conclusion: Our research suggests that physical exercise combining aerobic exercise and resistance exercises accomplished three times a week for 60 min a session to moderate intensity is effective positive to improve health-related fitness components in sedentary overweight middle –aged men.

Blood Lipids, Cardiovascular Disease, Exercise, Health-Related Fitness

APA Style

Bizimana Jean-Berchmans, Ndikumasabo Josias, Ngayimbesha Adrien, Barres Fousséni Ismaël El-Mansour. (2023). Effects of Combined Aerobic and Resistance Exercise on Health-Related Fitness in Sedentary Overweight Middle–Aged Men. American Journal of Nursing and Health Sciences, 4(2), 43-49. https://doi.org/10.11648/j.ajnhs.20230402.12

ACS Style

Bizimana Jean-Berchmans; Ndikumasabo Josias; Ngayimbesha Adrien; Barres Fousséni Ismaël El-Mansour. Effects of Combined Aerobic and Resistance Exercise on Health-Related Fitness in Sedentary Overweight Middle–Aged Men. Am. J. Nurs. Health Sci. 2023, 4(2), 43-49. doi: 10.11648/j.ajnhs.20230402.12

AMA Style

Bizimana Jean-Berchmans, Ndikumasabo Josias, Ngayimbesha Adrien, Barres Fousséni Ismaël El-Mansour. Effects of Combined Aerobic and Resistance Exercise on Health-Related Fitness in Sedentary Overweight Middle–Aged Men. Am J Nurs Health Sci. 2023;4(2):43-49. doi: 10.11648/j.ajnhs.20230402.12

Copyright © 2023 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

1. Barengo NC, Hu G, Lakka T O, Pekkarinen H, Nissinen A, Tuomilehto J. Low physical activity as a predictor for total and cardiovascular disease mortality in middle-aged men and women in Finland. Eur Heart Journal, 2004, 25: 2204–2211.
2. Li J, Siegrist J. Physical Activity and Risk of Cardiovascular Disease—AMeta-Analysis of Prospective Cohort Studies. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health, 2012, 9, 391–407.
3. Fransson EIM, Alfredsson LS1, De Faire UH, Knutsson A, Westerholm PJM. Leisure time, occupational and household physical activity, and risk factors for cardiovascular disease in working men and women: the WOLF study. Scand J Public Health, 2003; 31: 324–333.
4. Rauramaa R, Tuamainen p, Vaisamen S, Rankimen T. Physical activity and healthy related fitness in middle-aged man. Med. Sci Sports Exerc, 1995; l2 (5): 707–712.
5. Blair SN, Kohl HW, Arlow CE, Paffenbarger RS, Gibbons LW, Macera CA. Changes in physical fitness and all-cause mortality: A prospective study of healthy and unhealthy men. JAMA, 1995; 273: 1093–1098.
6. Pate, R. R.: A new definition of youth fitness. Physician Sports Med, 1983; 11: 77–83.
7. Pate R, Shephard R. Characteristics of physical fitness in youth. In: Gisolfi CV, Lamb DR (editors): Perspectives in exercise science and sportsmedicine. Youth, exercise and sport, vol. 2. Indianapolis: Benchmark Press; 1989.
8. Vanhees L, Lefevre J, philippaerts R, Martine M, Huygens W, Troosters T, Beunen G. How to assess physical activity? How to assess physical fitness? Eur J Cardiovasc Prev Rehabil. 2005 Apr; 12 (2): 102–14.
9. Bouchard C, Shephard RJ. Physical activity, fitness and health: the model and key concepts. In: Bouchard C, Shepard RJ, Stephens T (editors): Physical activity, fitness and health, International Proceedings and Concensus Statement. Champaign III: Human Kinetics; 1994, 77–88.
10. Haskell W. What to look for in assessing responsiveness to exercise in a health context. Med Sci. Sports Exerc. 33 (6): S454-S458.
11. American College of Sports Medicine: Quantity and quality of exercise for developing and maintaining cardiorespiratory, musculoskeletal, and neuromotor fitness in apparently healthy adults: Guidance for prescribing exercise. Med Sci Sports Exerc, 2011; 26: 1334–59.
12. Yavari A., Najafipoor F., Aliasgarzadeh A., Niafar M., Mobasseri M. Effect of aerobic exercise, resistance training or combined training on glycaemic control and cardio-vascular risk factors in patients with type 2 diabetes. Biol. Sport 2012; 29: 135–143.
13. Ho SS, Dhaliwal SS, Hills AP, Pal S. The effect of 12 weeks of aerobic, resistance or combination exercise training on cardiovascular risk factors in the overweight and obese in a randomized trial. BMC Public Health, 2012; 12: 704: 1–10.
14. Martin SE. The effect of resistance, endurance, and combination exercise on lipid metabolism and non-traditional cardiovascular disease risk markers in previously untrained men. Doctoral thesis, University of Texas A & M; 2008.
15. LeMura LM, Von Duvillard SP, Andreacci J, Klebez JM, Chelland SA, Russo J. Lipid and lipoprotein profiles, cardiovascular fitness, body composition, and diet during and after resistance, aerobic and combination training in young women. Eur J Appl Physiol. 2000; 82 (5-6): 451–458.
16. Bizimana J. B., Lawani M. M., Akplogan B., Houmenoun M A., Barres F. E. M. Facteurs motivants et profil socio-professionnel des pratiquants d’activités physiques d’entretien au Burundi: étude sur 332 sujets adultes. Revue CAMES Santé, 2014; 2 (2): 61–69.
17. ACSM. Guidelines for Exercise Testing and Prescription. 6th ed. Baltimore: Lippincott, Williams & Wilkins, 2000: 85–8.
18. Sparling, P. B. Field testing for abdominal muscular fitness. ACSM’s Health Fitness J, 1997; 1 (4): 30–33.
19. Klin GM, Porcari R, Hintermeister PS, Freedom A, Ward R F, Mccarron J, R, Ripp TM. Estimation of VO2 max fromaone-mile track walk, gender, age and body weight. Med exer, 1987, 19 (3): 253-259.
20. Anek A, Kanungsukasem V, Bunyaratavej N. Effects of Aerobic Step Combined with Resistance Training on Biochemical Bone Markers, Health-Related Physical Fitness and Balance in Working Women. J Med Assoc Thai 2015; 98 (8): S42-S51.
21. Belay MA Reddy R C, Syambabu S M. The effects of combined aerobic and resistance exercise training on obese adults, Northwest Ethiopia. Res J Recent Sci, 2013; 2 (1), 59–66.
22. Haffner SM: Abdominal adiposity and cardiometabolic risk: do we have all the answers? Am J Med 2007, 120 (9A): S10–17.
23. Isabelle J., Dionne I J., Ades P A., Poehlman ET. Impact of cardiovascular fitness and physical activity level on health outcomes in older persons. Mechanisms of Ageing and Development 124 (2003), 259-267.
24. Lee T E. Effects of aerobics intervention on health-related physical fitness and exercise behavior of the middle-aged and elderly people. Int J Sport and ExercSci, 2013; 5 (1): 1–6.
25. LaMonte MJ, Blair SN: Physical activity, cardiorespiratory fitness, and adiposity: contributions to disease risk. Curr Opin Clin Nutr Metab Care 2006, 9 (5): 540–546.
26. Hawkins S A and Wiswell R A. Rate and mechanism of maximal oxygen consumption decline with aging implications for exercise training. Sports Med, 2003; 33 (12): 877–888.
27. Milton D, Porcari J P, Foster C, Gibson M, Udermann B. The effect of functional Exercise raining on functional fitness levels of older adults. Gundersen Luth Med J, 2008; 5 (1): 4–8.
28. FitzGerald, S. J., Barlow, C. E., Kampert, J. B., Morrow, Jr., J. R., Jackson, A. W., & Blair, S. N. Muscular fitness and all-cause mortality: Prospective observations. Journal of Physical Activity and Health, 2004; 1 (1), 7–18.
29. Hosiso M, Rani S, Rekoninne S. Effects of aerobic exercise on improving health related physical fitness components of Dilla University sedentary female community. Int J Scient Res Publications, 2013; 3 (12): 1–6.
30. Arslanoglu E, Senel O. Effects of Pilates Training on Some Physiological Parameters and Cardiovascular Risk Factors of Middle Aged Sedentary Women. Int J Sport Studies. 2013, Vol., 3 (2), 122–129.
31. Hussein N, Thomas M, Prince D, Zohman L, Czojowski P (2015) Effect of Combined Resistive and Aerobic Exercise versus Aerobic Exercise Alone on Coronary Risk Factors in Obese Coronary Patients. J Clin Exp Cardiolog, 2015; 6 (361): 1–7.
32. Osiecki ACV, Osiecki R, Timossi LS, Rossetin LL, Machado TA, Góes SM, Leite N. Effects of Workplace Based Exercises on the Lipid Profile, Systemic Blood Pressure, and Body Fat of Female Workers. JEP online 2013; 16 (3): 69–75.
33. Whelton SP, Chin A, Xin X, He J. Effect of aerobic exercise on blood pressure: A meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials. Ann Int Med, 2002; 136: 493–503.
34. MacMohan S, Peto R, Cutler J, et al. Blood pressure, stroke and coronary heart disease. Part 1, Prolonged differences in blood pressure: prospective observational studies corrected for the regression dilution bias. Lancet, 1990; 335 (8692): 765–7.
35. Cornelissen, V., and Fagard, R. Effects of endurance training on blood pressure, blood pressure-regulating mechanisms, and cardiovascular risk factors. Hypertension, 2005a; 46: 667–675.
36. Arnold J M, Fitchett DH, Howlett JD, Lonn EM, Tardi JC. La fréquencecardiaque au repos: Un indicateur pronostique modifiable du risque et des issues cardiovasculaires ? Can J Cardiol 2008; 24: 9A–15A.
37. Mohammadi H R, Khoshnam E, Jahromi M K, Khoshnam M S, Karampour E. The effect of 12week of aerobic training on homocysteine, Lipoprotein A and lipid profile levels in sedentary middle-aged men. Int J Prev Med. 2014; 5 (8): 1060–1066.
38. Ossanloo P, Najar L, Zafari A. The effects of combined training (aerobic dance, Step exercise and resistance training) on body fat Percents and lipid profiles in sedentary females of AL-ZAHRA University. European Journal of Experimental Biology, 2012, 2 (5): 1598–1602.
39. Trabka B, Zubrzycki I Z, Ossowski Z, Bojke O, Clarke A, Wiacek M, Latosik E. Effect of a MAST Exercise Program on Anthropometric Parameters, Physical Fitness, and Serum Lipid Levels in Obese Postmenopausal Women. J Human Kinetics, 2014; 42 (2013): 149–155.
40. Tambalis K1, Panagiotakos DB, Kavouras SA, Sidossis LS. Responses of blood lipids to aerobic, resistance, and combined aerobic with resistance exercise training: a systematic review of current evidence. Angiology, 2009; 60 (5): 614–32.
41. Szymanska J, Wozniak E, Piatkowska I, Malara M. Effects of age, gender and physical activity on plasma lipid profile. Biomed Hum Kinet, 2011; 3: 1–5.
42. Hardman A E. Physical activity, obesity and blood Iipids. lnt J Obes Relat Metab Disord, 1999; 23: 3, 564-71.
43. Marandi MS, Abadi BN, Esfarjani F, Mojtahedi H, Ghasemi G. Effects of intensity of aerobics on body composition and blood lipid profile in obese/overweight females. Iran Int Sports Med Congr. 2013; 4: 118–25.
44. Cordova A, Villa G, Sureda A, Rodriguez-Marroyo JA, Sánchez-Collado MP. Physical activity and cardiovascular risk factors in Spanish children aged 11-13 years. Rev Esp Cardiol (Engl Ed) 2012; 65: 620–6.