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Socio-Economic Importance of Sheep Production in Central Rift Valley of Oromia Regional State, Ethiopia

The objective of this study was to socio-economic important and marketing systems of farmers who keep indigenous sheep found in Adami Tulu JidoKombolcha and Bora districts from East Shoa zone as well as Kofele and Asasa from West Arsi zone of Oromia regional state. The study was conducted using a semi–structured questionnaire followed by a focus group discussion. A questionnaire was administered to 180 sheep producing farmers in four districts with different numbers of households in each district. The parameters studied in the survey included socioeconomic characteristics, landholding, herd structure, reproduction and production of sheep, fattening practice, marketing system of sheep, and opportunities for sheep production. The results indicated that the mean sheep flock size per household was 14.5 and differ (P<0.05) between the study areas. The average flock size was higher (P<0.05) in Asasa, with negligible differences across the other areas. The selection criteria for the majority of households were larger body conformation followed by coat color for both male and female sheep. Approximately 92% of the farmers reported that they provided permanent housing for their sheep. The major feed sources offered to sheep in all study areas included natural pasture, crop residues, crop aftermath, and non-conventional feeds. The primary reason for keeping sheep was income. Feed shortage and the prevalence of diseases were the most pertinent constraints in all areas studied. Thus, efforts must be made to improve the genetics, management, and seasonal shortage of feed and fodder.

Arsi-Bale Sheep, Constraints, Marketing System, Opportunities

APA Style

Genet Dadi, Ashebir Worku. (2023). Socio-Economic Importance of Sheep Production in Central Rift Valley of Oromia Regional State, Ethiopia. American Journal of Environmental and Resource Economics, 8(3), 42-51.

ACS Style

Genet Dadi; Ashebir Worku. Socio-Economic Importance of Sheep Production in Central Rift Valley of Oromia Regional State, Ethiopia. Am. J. Environ. Resour. Econ. 2023, 8(3), 42-51. doi: 10.11648/j.ajere.20230803.11

AMA Style

Genet Dadi, Ashebir Worku. Socio-Economic Importance of Sheep Production in Central Rift Valley of Oromia Regional State, Ethiopia. Am J Environ Resour Econ. 2023;8(3):42-51. doi: 10.11648/j.ajere.20230803.11

Copyright © 2023 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License ( which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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