American Journal of Clinical and Experimental Medicine

Special Issue

Clinical Innovations, Developments in the Diagnosis, Management and Prevention of Ebola Disease (Marburg fever) and Hemorrhagic Fevers

  • Submission Deadline: Dec. 30, 2014
  • Status: Submission Closed
  • Lead Guest Editor: Kenneth Anchang Yongabi
About This Special Issue
Effective intervention strategy to contain Ebola disease and epidemic remains daunting. Ebola which is ranks as one of the deadliest contemporary scourge has killed more than 5000 people in just a couple of months. Ebola Virus Disease (EVD) formerly known as Ebola hemorrhagic fever closely resembles Marburg hemorrhagic fever in its clinical manifestations is a severe, often fatal illness in humans. EVD has a fatality rate of above 90%. Ebola is introduced into the human population through close contact with the blood, secretions, organs or other bodily fluids of infected animals. In Africa, infection has been documented through the handling of infected chimpanzees, gorillas, fruit bats, monkeys, forest antelope and porcupines found ill or dead or in the rain forest. Ebola then spreads in the community through human-to-human transmission, with infection resulting from direct contact (through broken skin or mucous membranes) with the blood, secretions, organs or other bodily fluids of infected people, and indirect contact with environments contaminated with such fluids. Burial ceremonies in which mourners have direct contact with the body of the deceased person can also play a role in the transmission of Ebola. Men who have recovered from the disease can still transmit the virus through their semen for up to 7 weeks after recovery from illness. Health-care workers have frequently been infected while treating patients with suspected or confirmed EVD. This has occurred through close contact with patients when infection control precautions are not strictly practiced. Among workers in contact with monkeys or pigs infected with Reston ebolavirus, several infections have been documented in people who were clinically asymptomatic. The current global approach to the tackle Ebola still inadequate to contain this scourge. There are, ultimately, a lot of clinical, scientific and epidemiological and social gaps required to be able to effectively address the global ebola threats. For this purpose, Kenneth Yongabi of the Catholic University of Cameroon organized and convened a conference in September 2014 that looked at several scientific, clinical, and anthropological and possibly control strategies for EVD in Africa.The articles discussed during that session are being published in this special edition of this journal. The aim of this special edition is to provide an opportunity for all medical, health care personnel, the entire global scientific community to publish scientific updates on EVD. It would also provide an opportunity for scientists to share and to network and share new ideas on how to prevent, manage and contain the EVD.
Lead Guest Editor
  • Kenneth Anchang Yongabi

    NMD School Of Health and Medical Science, Phytobiotechnology Research Institute, Catholic University of Cameroon, Bamenda, Cameroon

Published Articles
  • Considerations for African Hospitals and Care Systems of the Future in the Face of Emerging Infectious Diseases Like Ebola

    Kenneth Anchang Yongabi , Judith Abit Nota , Gilbert Nota Teko

    Issue: Volume 3, Issue 1-1, February 2015
    Pages: 38-45
    Received: Dec. 28, 2014
    Accepted: Dec. 31, 2014
    Published: Feb. 28, 2015
    DOI: 10.11648/j.ajcem.s.2015030101.18
    Downloads:
    Views:
    Abstract: In this paper, we attempt to discuss ideas for a radical shift in health care practice in Africa that underpins the complexity of the African environment. We note that despite increasing financial support in the control of infectious diseases in Africa, the endemicity and emergence of new diseases are still unabated. Taking lessons from the current... Show More
  • Preliminary Case Reports of Dietary Supplementation from Cameroonian Traditional Food Plants for the Therapeutic Management of HIV/AIDs Patients: Adapting Such Lessons for Clinical Management of Hemorrhagic Syndromes

    Kenneth Anchang Yongabi , Florence Titu Manjong , Mary Chia Garba , Daniel Martinez-Carrera

    Issue: Volume 3, Issue 1-1, February 2015
    Pages: 33-37
    Received: Dec. 25, 2014
    Accepted: Dec. 30, 2014
    Published: Feb. 27, 2015
    DOI: 10.11648/j.ajcem.s.2015030101.17
    Downloads:
    Views:
    Abstract: This is a preliminary case reports of the healing potential of Cameroonian traditional foods used since time immemorial and now used to enhance the immune systems of patients of HIV patients with lessons that can be applied in the clinical management of Ebola hemorrhagic fevers. Dietary supplements was made from 0.9% salt and aqueous extracts of F... Show More
  • Laboratory Diagnostic Tools for Checking Ebola Viral Infections in Africa

    Polycarp Chia , Elvis Fon Tatah , Kenneth Yongabi

    Issue: Volume 3, Issue 1-1, February 2015
    Pages: 29-32
    Received: Dec. 24, 2014
    Accepted: Dec. 28, 2014
    Published: Feb. 15, 2015
    DOI: 10.11648/j.ajcem.s.2015030101.16
    Downloads:
    Views:
    Abstract: EBOV share many symptoms with a lot of common diseases, so only a well trained Laboratorian can properly collect samples, handle, do differential diagnosis and contain the disease. Quality assurance and control should be on-going in medical Laboratyories. BSL-4 laboratories should be built in African countries where this disease is prevalent. The g... Show More
  • Can We Exploit and Adapt Indigenous Knowledge and Ethno -Botanicals for a Healthy Living in the Face of Emerging Diseases Like Ebola in Africa

    Kenneth Anchang Yongabi , Laura. DeLuca , Keto Mshigeni , Suki K. K. Mwendwa , Alex Dudley , Francisca Nambu Njuakom

    Issue: Volume 3, Issue 1-1, February 2015
    Pages: 24-28
    Received: Dec. 24, 2014
    Accepted: Dec. 28, 2014
    Published: Feb. 15, 2015
    DOI: 10.11648/j.ajcem.s.2015030101.15
    Downloads:
    Views:
    Abstract: In this essay, we attempted to catalogue and describe African indigenous knowledge, in contributing to sustainable health development in Sub Saharan Africa. In the face of poverty and threats of diseases such as ebola.We also describe how biotechnology can enhance cultural mechanism for improved health care. A snap shot of certain cultural habits t... Show More
  • Strategic Nursing Care in Ebola Viral Outbreak and Care for Infected Patients

    Ndipowa a James Attangeur Chimfutumb , Mary Bih Suh Atanga , Elvis Fon Tata , Kenneth Yongabi Anchang

    Issue: Volume 3, Issue 1-1, February 2015
    Pages: 21-23
    Received: Dec. 24, 2014
    Accepted: Dec. 28, 2014
    Published: Feb. 15, 2015
    DOI: 10.11648/j.ajcem.s.2015030101.14
    Downloads:
    Views:
    Abstract: In Cameroon, we have not yet experienced any outbreak of Ebola Virus disease. But Cameroon’s closest neighbor, Nigeria, has that experience. Cameroon is strategically located in Africa with a geography and behavioral pattern that is similar with all the Ebola infected countries. In this paper, a proposed strategic nursing care protocol such as: Sur... Show More
  • A Nursing Care Plan for Ebola Patient at Intensive Care Units

    Mary Bi Suh Atanga , Ndipowa James Attangeur , Kenneth Yongabi Anchang

    Issue: Volume 3, Issue 1-1, February 2015
    Pages: 14-20
    Received: Dec. 22, 2014
    Accepted: Dec. 25, 2014
    Published: Feb. 15, 2015
    DOI: 10.11648/j.ajcem.s.2015030101.13
    Downloads:
    Views:
    Abstract: The state of the art in the nursing care of Ebola hemorrhagic fever in an intensive care was conceived in preparation for nursing especially as Cameroon is found close to West Africa where the dead toll had risen too high in the past several weeks. The objective of this discussion is to outline the steps used from pathophysiology and manifestations... Show More
  • Considering a Public Health Model for Control and Prevention of Emerging Infectious Diseases in Sub-Saharan Africa

    Kenneth Anchang Yongabi

    Issue: Volume 3, Issue 1-1, February 2015
    Pages: 7-13
    Received: Dec. 22, 2014
    Accepted: Dec. 25, 2014
    Published: Feb. 15, 2015
    DOI: 10.11648/j.ajcem.s.2015030101.12
    Downloads:
    Views:
    Abstract: Despite increasing global efforts to contain infectious diseases such as Ebola, HIV, and new strains of Hepatitis Virus, the spread and burden still constitute more than 25% of the global disease picture. In this report, insights on an innovative cost saving evolutionary learning laboratory model (ELS Lab) consisting of a systems approach to the co... Show More
  • Potentials of nutritional therapy, phytopharmaceuticals and phytomedicine in the prevention and control of Ebola virus in Africa

    Kenneth Yongabi Anchang , Mary Garba , Florence Titu Manjong , Tiagueu Yvette T

    Issue: Volume 3, Issue 1-1, February 2015
    Pages: 1-6
    Received: Dec. 17, 2014
    Accepted: Dec. 18, 2014
    Published: Feb. 14, 2015
    DOI: 10.11648/j.ajcem.s.2015030101.11
    Downloads:
    Views:
    Abstract: With more than 15000 people infected with Ebola Virus Disease (EVD) leading to more than 7000 deaths in Liberia, Serra Leone, Guinea, Nigeria and Senegal, Ebola Virus Disease remains one of the most dreaded scourges and concerns in contemporary international health (CIH). We note in this essay, that current intervention strategies for the contain... Show More