International Journal of Archaeology

Special Issue

Archaeological Sciences

  • Submission Deadline: Dec. 31, 2014
  • Status: Submission Closed
  • Lead Guest Editor: Pier Matteo Barone
About This Special Issue
Archaeological Sciences represent the interface between archaeology and the natural and physical sciences, and they are nowadays a fundamental part of modern archaeological research. This interdisciplinary field requires close collaboration between archaeologists, art historians, museum curators, and different scientists who apply modern instrumental techniques to extract information from ancient past. In this way the Special Issue aims to bridge the gap among these figures with widely different scientific backgrounds sharing a common interest in developing and applying scientific methods, and providing a forum to encourage the continued integration of scientific methodologies in archaeological research.

The focus of this Special Issue spans a time depth from the Paleolithic to the present, with active field and laboratory researches around the globe. These endeavors contribute to an understanding of both past and present day communities, covering globally relevant topics with the emphasis on the archaeological contexts and analytical techniques.

Topics:
1. Archaeology
2. Remote Sensing
3. Archaeometry
4. Geophysical Prospection
5. Geoarchaeology
6. Geochronology7. Palaeoanthropology
8. Archaeozoology
9. Archaeobotany
10. Archaeometallurgy
11. Archaeopathology
12. Forensic Archaeology
13. Genetics
14. Biomolecules
15. Material Analysis
16. Conservation Science
17. Statistical and Computational Methods
Lead Guest Editor
  • Pier Matteo Barone

    Archaeology and Classics Program, the American University of Rome, Rome, Italy

Guest Editors
  • Valerie Higgins

    Archaeology and Classics Program, the American University of Rome, Rome, Italy

  • Rosa Maria Di Maggio

    Department of Forensic Geoscience, Forensic Geoscience Italy, Rome, Italy

Published Articles
  • The Castrum Novum Project: History and Archaeology of a Roman Colony (Santa Marinella, Rome, Italy)

    Luca Desibio , Flavio Enei , Sara Nardi Combescure , Gregoire Poccardi , Viviana Sia , Maria Teresa Levanto , Alessandra Squaglia

    Issue: Volume 3, Issue 1-1, January 2015
    Pages: 62-75
    Received: Dec. 19, 2014
    Accepted: Dec. 31, 2014
    Published: Jan. 22, 2015
    DOI: 10.11648/j.ija.s.2015030101.18
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    Abstract: The French-Italian archaeological project born in 2010 is detecting the ancient ruins of the roman colony of Castrum Novum. Since 2010, the archaeological research has concentrated on the remains of a balneum and the so-called “squared building”, probably two structures located in the extra-urban area. The archaeological reports about those areas h... Show More
  • Detecting Moisture Damage in Archaeology and Cultural Heritage: a Brief Introduction

    Carlotta Ferrara , Pier Matteo Barone

    Issue: Volume 3, Issue 1-1, January 2015
    Pages: 57-61
    Received: Dec. 31, 2014
    Accepted: Jan. 08, 2015
    Published: Jan. 14, 2015
    DOI: 10.11648/j.ija.s.2015030101.17
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    Abstract: Moisture damage is the most important issue in the preservation and integrity of cultural heritage. This paper discusses the ability of geophysical instruments to detect this problem. Non-destructive techniques (NDTs), such as Ground Penetrating Radar (GPR), use electromagnetic (EM) impulses to investigate archaeological sites and building structur... Show More
  • Forensic Geo-Archaeology in Italy: Materials for a Standardisation

    Pier Matteo Barone , Rosa Maria Di Maggio , Carlotta Ferrara

    Issue: Volume 3, Issue 1-1, January 2015
    Pages: 45-56
    Received: Dec. 17, 2014
    Accepted: Dec. 18, 2014
    Published: Jan. 11, 2015
    DOI: 10.11648/j.ija.s.2015030101.16
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    Abstract: The so-called ‘CSI effect’ was recently observed in the Italian judicial system. The reason for the increase in instances of this effect is the lack of a standard geo-archaeological procedure in conducting a forensic investigation. To avoid the harmful consequences of this lack of standardisation, it is necessary to develop a robust geo-archaeologi... Show More
  • A remote sensing approach to understanding the archaeological potential: the case study of some Roman evidence in Umbria (Italy)

    Pier Matteo Barone , Luca Desibio

    Issue: Volume 3, Issue 1-1, January 2015
    Pages: 37-44
    Received: Nov. 21, 2014
    Accepted: Nov. 24, 2014
    Published: Dec. 31, 2014
    DOI: 10.11648/j.ija.s.2015030101.15
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    Abstract: In Umbria, the transformation from Roman pagan building to church seems to be frequent during the beginning of the Middle Age thanks to Longobards and Byzantines. The rural church of San Lorenzo in Nifili (close to Montecastrilli - TR) is a very good example of this. The aim of this work is to understand the evolution of the ancient landscape aroun... Show More
  • Geophysics Applied to Landscape Archaeology: Understanding Samnite and Roman Relationships in Molise (Italy) Using Geoarchaeological Research Methods

    Pier Matteo Barone , Carlotta Ferrara

    Issue: Volume 3, Issue 1-1, January 2015
    Pages: 26-36
    Received: Dec. 10, 2014
    Accepted: Dec. 13, 2014
    Published: Dec. 27, 2014
    DOI: 10.11648/j.ija.s.2015030101.14
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    Abstract: The Italian region of Molise features clear evidence of the people who have conquered it, inhabited it, tilled it, abandoned it, and reoccupied it. This research, focusing on the coastal area of Molise, attempts to show that the Samnite to Roman transition was not as violent as reported by the historian Livy (e.g., the Samnitic wars). Instead, the ... Show More
  • Can Integrated Geophysical Investigations Solve an Archaeological Problem? The Case of the So-Called Domus septem Parthorum in Rome (Italy)

    Pier Matteo Barone , Giorgia Carlucci , Francesco Smriglio , Francesco Basile , Giuseppe Della Monica

    Issue: Volume 3, Issue 1-1, January 2015
    Pages: 21-25
    Received: Dec. 05, 2014
    Accepted: Dec. 06, 2014
    Published: Dec. 27, 2014
    DOI: 10.11648/j.ija.s.2015030101.13
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    Abstract: Integrated geophysical prospecting has produced remarkable results in the field of archaeology. In addition to the recognition of archaeological sites, the evolution of a site can be reconstructed. Therefore, the combination of more than one geophysical technique can aid in understanding the layout of a site and help to answer interpretative questi... Show More
  • Analysis and Characterization of Paleosoil: A Preliminary Study and Possible Applications in Forensic Archaeology

    Andrea Nava

    Issue: Volume 3, Issue 1-1, January 2015
    Pages: 9-20
    Received: Oct. 14, 2014
    Accepted: Oct. 30, 2014
    Published: Nov. 05, 2014
    DOI: 10.11648/j.ija.s.2015030101.12
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    Abstract: This paper presents the results of analysis conducted on soil samples collected on the Isola delle Statue in Porto Marghera (Venice, Italy). The analyses were aimed at the mineralogical – petrographic characterization and evaluation of the possible presence of layers of a paleo soil (Neolithic age). For the characterization of the sediments have be... Show More
  • A RAG System for the Management Forensic and Archaeological Searches of Burial Grounds

    Alastair Ruffell , Sean McAllister

    Issue: Volume 3, Issue 1-1, January 2015
    Pages: 1-8
    Received: Sep. 01, 2014
    Accepted: Sep. 17, 2014
    Published: Oct. 29, 2014
    DOI: 10.11648/j.ija.s.2015030101.11
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    Abstract: Burial grounds are commonly surveyed and searched by both police/humanitarian search teams and archaeologists. One aspect of an efficient search is to establish areas free of recent internments to allow the concentration of assets in suspect terrain. While 100% surety in locating remains can never be achieved, the deployment of a red, amber green (... Show More