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Conversion in Land-Use Alter Soil Physiochemical Properties in the Highland of Western Ethiopia

Received: Jun. 08, 2023    Accepted: Aug. 04, 2023    Published: Sep. 27, 2023
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Abstract

Information on the effects of various land-use types on selected soil physicochemical properties is critical for the sustainable use of soil resources. As a result, this study was carried out to assess the Conversion in Land-Use Alter Soil Physiochemical Properties in the Highland of Western Ethiopia. The main aim of this study is to evaluate the effects of different land use types and soil depth on soil's physical and chemical properties. A total of 45 composite soil samples were collected from forest, grass, eucalyptus plantation, cultivate and grazing lands using three soil depths (0-15cm, 15-30 and 30-45 cm) and three replications. Analysis of variance was used to test the mean differences in soil physicochemical properties. Sand and clay mean values were highest in grazing and forest, respectively. The mean bulk density of the soils ranged between 1.10 and 1.61gcm-3, and the mean total porosity ranged between 39.37 and 58.49%, indicating lower soil compaction. The mean field capacity ranged from 34.21 to 42.93% whereas the permanent wilting point ranged from 19.79 to 27.87% and the mean water holding capacity ranged between 14.07 and 16.21%. The mean pH ranged from 4.92 to 5.55, with mean OM values ranging from 0.64 to 5.91% while the mean values of total N ranged from 0.04 to 0.31%. The mean value of available P ranged from 2.10 to 7.26mg kg-1. Conversion of land use types harms soil properties, particularly overgrazing, eucalyptus plantation and cultivation of deforested land. Therefore, the deteriorated physiochemical properties of the soils should be amended with application different source of nutrients and sustainable management practices.

DOI 10.11648/j.rd.20230403.16
Published in Research & Development ( Volume 4, Issue 3, September 2023 )
Page(s) 111-121
Creative Commons

This is an Open Access article, distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/), which permits unrestricted use, distribution and reproduction in any medium or format, provided the original work is properly cited.

Copyright

Copyright © The Author(s), 2024. Published by Science Publishing Group

Keywords

Eucalyptus Plantation, Grazing Lands, Land Use Types, Physicochemical Properties, Soil Depth

References
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    Abu Regasa. (2023). Conversion in Land-Use Alter Soil Physiochemical Properties in the Highland of Western Ethiopia. Research & Development, 4(3), 111-121. https://doi.org/10.11648/j.rd.20230403.16

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    ACS Style

    Abu Regasa. Conversion in Land-Use Alter Soil Physiochemical Properties in the Highland of Western Ethiopia. Res. Dev. 2023, 4(3), 111-121. doi: 10.11648/j.rd.20230403.16

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    AMA Style

    Abu Regasa. Conversion in Land-Use Alter Soil Physiochemical Properties in the Highland of Western Ethiopia. Res Dev. 2023;4(3):111-121. doi: 10.11648/j.rd.20230403.16

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  • @article{10.11648/j.rd.20230403.16,
      author = {Abu Regasa},
      title = {Conversion in Land-Use Alter Soil Physiochemical Properties in the Highland of Western Ethiopia},
      journal = {Research & Development},
      volume = {4},
      number = {3},
      pages = {111-121},
      doi = {10.11648/j.rd.20230403.16},
      url = {https://doi.org/10.11648/j.rd.20230403.16},
      eprint = {https://download.sciencepg.com/pdf/10.11648.j.rd.20230403.16},
      abstract = {Information on the effects of various land-use types on selected soil physicochemical properties is critical for the sustainable use of soil resources. As a result, this study was carried out to assess the Conversion in Land-Use Alter Soil Physiochemical Properties in the Highland of Western Ethiopia. The main aim of this study is to evaluate the effects of different land use types and soil depth on soil's physical and chemical properties. A total of 45 composite soil samples were collected from forest, grass, eucalyptus plantation, cultivate and grazing lands using three soil depths (0-15cm, 15-30 and 30-45 cm) and three replications. Analysis of variance was used to test the mean differences in soil physicochemical properties. Sand and clay mean values were highest in grazing and forest, respectively. The mean bulk density of the soils ranged between 1.10 and 1.61gcm-3, and the mean total porosity ranged between 39.37 and 58.49%, indicating lower soil compaction. The mean field capacity ranged from 34.21 to 42.93% whereas the permanent wilting point ranged from 19.79 to 27.87% and the mean water holding capacity ranged between 14.07 and 16.21%. The mean pH ranged from 4.92 to 5.55, with mean OM values ranging from 0.64 to 5.91% while the mean values of total N ranged from 0.04 to 0.31%. The mean value of available P ranged from 2.10 to 7.26mg kg-1. Conversion of land use types harms soil properties, particularly overgrazing, eucalyptus plantation and cultivation of deforested land. Therefore, the deteriorated physiochemical properties of the soils should be amended with application different source of nutrients and sustainable management practices.},
     year = {2023}
    }
    

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  • TY  - JOUR
    T1  - Conversion in Land-Use Alter Soil Physiochemical Properties in the Highland of Western Ethiopia
    AU  - Abu Regasa
    Y1  - 2023/09/27
    PY  - 2023
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    AB  - Information on the effects of various land-use types on selected soil physicochemical properties is critical for the sustainable use of soil resources. As a result, this study was carried out to assess the Conversion in Land-Use Alter Soil Physiochemical Properties in the Highland of Western Ethiopia. The main aim of this study is to evaluate the effects of different land use types and soil depth on soil's physical and chemical properties. A total of 45 composite soil samples were collected from forest, grass, eucalyptus plantation, cultivate and grazing lands using three soil depths (0-15cm, 15-30 and 30-45 cm) and three replications. Analysis of variance was used to test the mean differences in soil physicochemical properties. Sand and clay mean values were highest in grazing and forest, respectively. The mean bulk density of the soils ranged between 1.10 and 1.61gcm-3, and the mean total porosity ranged between 39.37 and 58.49%, indicating lower soil compaction. The mean field capacity ranged from 34.21 to 42.93% whereas the permanent wilting point ranged from 19.79 to 27.87% and the mean water holding capacity ranged between 14.07 and 16.21%. The mean pH ranged from 4.92 to 5.55, with mean OM values ranging from 0.64 to 5.91% while the mean values of total N ranged from 0.04 to 0.31%. The mean value of available P ranged from 2.10 to 7.26mg kg-1. Conversion of land use types harms soil properties, particularly overgrazing, eucalyptus plantation and cultivation of deforested land. Therefore, the deteriorated physiochemical properties of the soils should be amended with application different source of nutrients and sustainable management practices.
    VL  - 4
    IS  - 3
    ER  - 

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Author Information
  • College of Agriculture and Natural Resource, Dambi Dollo University, Dambi Dollo, Ethiopia

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