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Pre-extension Demonstration of Improved Tef Varieties in the Potential Growing Areas of West Shewa Zones of Oromia, Ethiopia

Received: May 08, 2023    Accepted: Jun. 19, 2023    Published: Jul. 06, 2023
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Abstract

This research trial was implemented in Ejere, Ejersa, Lefo and Dendi districts of west Shewa zone Oromia with the objective of demonstrating the newly released teff variety Ebba and Niguse with standard check Dagime to the smallholder farmers of selected districts. Three districts and three Kebeles from every district were purposively chooced based on accessibility and potentiality for teff production. After selecting farmers training was provided across the districts. Then after, two variety, Ebba and Niguse (a newly released variety) as well as Dagime (as standard checks) were planted on 20m*15m adjacent plots on 6 farmers’ and 3 FTC field. All advised agronomic technics were equally applied to each plots. Organized team of researchers, Farmers and development agent collaboratively evaluated the varieties were reached maturity. Despite the modest distinctions in requirements stablished by farmer’s plant height, disease tolerance, lodging resistance, Tilering ability, seed color, seed size, early maturity, straw yield, grain yield, were the common selection criteria across all locations. Ebba exceed the standard checks and has met the criteria of the farmers. With regard to yield, 22 qt/ha, 20.03 qt/ha and 18.33 qt/ha were obtained from Ebba, Niguse and Dagime; respectively putting Ebba on the first rank. Ebba gave yield advantage of 3.67qt/ha and 16.68% yield increment over the standard cheek Dagime. The net benefit that were obtained from Ebba, Niguse and standard cheek Dagime were 67619.15 ETB, 59969.15 ETB and 63969.15 ETB respectively Given that the farmers desired requirements were met by the verity Ebba hence Based on these result obtained fact, Ebba variety with recommended input was suggested for next scale up and cluster farming for demonstration districts and other comparable location.

DOI 10.11648/j.rd.20230402.13
Published in Research & Development ( Volume 4, Issue 2, June 2023 )
Page(s) 53-57
Creative Commons

This is an Open Access article, distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/), which permits unrestricted use, distribution and reproduction in any medium or format, provided the original work is properly cited.

Copyright

Copyright © The Author(s), 2024. Published by Science Publishing Group

Keywords

Demonstration, Farmers, Tef, Verities

References
[1] Schmidt, E., P. Chinowsky, S. Robinson, and K. Strzepek. 2017. Determinants and impact of sustainable land management (SLM) investments: A systems evaluation in the Blue Nile Basin, Ethiopia. Agricultural Economics.
[2] ATI 2022 The Ethiopian Agricultural Transformation Institute Workshop on the Role of Agriculture in Kickstarting Economic Diversification & Structural Transformation in Ethiopia By Yifru Tafesse.
[3] Agricultural Sample Survey, 2021, Report on area and production of major crops I: (private peasant holdings, meher season.
[4] Seyfu, K., 1993. Teff Breeding, Genetic resources, Agronomy, Utilization and Role in Ethiopian Agriculture.
[5] The Whole Grain Guide; 1997, Nutrition Action Newsletter, Center for Science in the Public Interest.
[6] Seyfu K, (1993). Teff Breeding, Genetic resources, Agronomy, Utilization and Role in Ethiopian Agriculture.
[7] Spaenij-Dekking L, Y Kooy-Winkelaar, F Koning. 2005. The Ethiopian cereal tef in celiac disease. New England Journal of Medicine 353: 1748-1749.
[8] Provost C and E Jobson. 2014. Move over quinoa, Ethiopia's teff poised to be next big super grain. The Guardian, January 23, 2014.
[9] Ketema, Seyfu, 2002 “Promoting the conservation and use of underutilized and neglected crops”; International Plant Genetic Resources Institute, Addis Abeba, Ethiopia.
[10] MoANR. 2017. Ministry of Agriculture and Natural Resources, Plant Variety Release, Protection and Seed Quality Control Directorate, Crop Variety Register, Issue No. 20, June 2017, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia.
[11] Kebebew et al; 2017. Tef, Eragrostis tef (Zucc.) Trotter. In: Patil JV (ed) Millets and Sorghum: Biological and Genetic Improvement). WileyBlackWell Publisher.
[12] (EJAO 2020) district Agricultural office unpublished document (2020).
[13] ELAO (Ejersa Lefo district Agricultural office). 2020. Ejersa Lafo, Oromia Ethiopia.
[14] Dendi district Agriculture office (DAO) 2020: Unpublished annual report.
[15] Sumai, Maitra S, Roy DK, Mondal AK and Saha D. 2000. Evaluation of front line demonstration of groundnut (Arachis hypogeal L.) in Sundarbans. J Indian SocCoastalAgric Res, 18 (2): 180-1832.
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    Endale Mekonnen, Hana Amare. (2023). Pre-extension Demonstration of Improved Tef Varieties in the Potential Growing Areas of West Shewa Zones of Oromia, Ethiopia. Research & Development, 4(2), 53-57. https://doi.org/10.11648/j.rd.20230402.13

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    ACS Style

    Endale Mekonnen; Hana Amare. Pre-extension Demonstration of Improved Tef Varieties in the Potential Growing Areas of West Shewa Zones of Oromia, Ethiopia. Res. Dev. 2023, 4(2), 53-57. doi: 10.11648/j.rd.20230402.13

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    AMA Style

    Endale Mekonnen, Hana Amare. Pre-extension Demonstration of Improved Tef Varieties in the Potential Growing Areas of West Shewa Zones of Oromia, Ethiopia. Res Dev. 2023;4(2):53-57. doi: 10.11648/j.rd.20230402.13

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  • @article{10.11648/j.rd.20230402.13,
      author = {Endale Mekonnen and Hana Amare},
      title = {Pre-extension Demonstration of Improved Tef Varieties in the Potential Growing Areas of West Shewa Zones of Oromia, Ethiopia},
      journal = {Research & Development},
      volume = {4},
      number = {2},
      pages = {53-57},
      doi = {10.11648/j.rd.20230402.13},
      url = {https://doi.org/10.11648/j.rd.20230402.13},
      eprint = {https://download.sciencepg.com/pdf/10.11648.j.rd.20230402.13},
      abstract = {This research trial was implemented in Ejere, Ejersa, Lefo and Dendi districts of west Shewa zone Oromia with the objective of demonstrating the newly released teff variety Ebba and Niguse with standard check Dagime to the smallholder farmers of selected districts. Three districts and three Kebeles from every district were purposively chooced based on accessibility and potentiality for teff production. After selecting farmers training was provided across the districts. Then after, two variety, Ebba and Niguse (a newly released variety) as well as Dagime (as standard checks) were planted on 20m*15m adjacent plots on 6 farmers’ and 3 FTC field. All advised agronomic technics were equally applied to each plots. Organized team of researchers, Farmers and development agent collaboratively evaluated the varieties were reached maturity. Despite the modest distinctions in requirements stablished by farmer’s plant height, disease tolerance, lodging resistance, Tilering ability, seed color, seed size, early maturity, straw yield, grain yield, were the common selection criteria across all locations. Ebba exceed the standard checks and has met the criteria of the farmers. With regard to yield, 22 qt/ha, 20.03 qt/ha and 18.33 qt/ha were obtained from Ebba, Niguse and Dagime; respectively putting Ebba on the first rank. Ebba gave yield advantage of 3.67qt/ha and 16.68% yield increment over the standard cheek Dagime. The net benefit that were obtained from Ebba, Niguse and standard cheek Dagime were 67619.15 ETB, 59969.15 ETB and 63969.15 ETB respectively Given that the farmers desired requirements were met by the verity Ebba hence Based on these result obtained fact, Ebba variety with recommended input was suggested for next scale up and cluster farming for demonstration districts and other comparable location.},
     year = {2023}
    }
    

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  • TY  - JOUR
    T1  - Pre-extension Demonstration of Improved Tef Varieties in the Potential Growing Areas of West Shewa Zones of Oromia, Ethiopia
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    AB  - This research trial was implemented in Ejere, Ejersa, Lefo and Dendi districts of west Shewa zone Oromia with the objective of demonstrating the newly released teff variety Ebba and Niguse with standard check Dagime to the smallholder farmers of selected districts. Three districts and three Kebeles from every district were purposively chooced based on accessibility and potentiality for teff production. After selecting farmers training was provided across the districts. Then after, two variety, Ebba and Niguse (a newly released variety) as well as Dagime (as standard checks) were planted on 20m*15m adjacent plots on 6 farmers’ and 3 FTC field. All advised agronomic technics were equally applied to each plots. Organized team of researchers, Farmers and development agent collaboratively evaluated the varieties were reached maturity. Despite the modest distinctions in requirements stablished by farmer’s plant height, disease tolerance, lodging resistance, Tilering ability, seed color, seed size, early maturity, straw yield, grain yield, were the common selection criteria across all locations. Ebba exceed the standard checks and has met the criteria of the farmers. With regard to yield, 22 qt/ha, 20.03 qt/ha and 18.33 qt/ha were obtained from Ebba, Niguse and Dagime; respectively putting Ebba on the first rank. Ebba gave yield advantage of 3.67qt/ha and 16.68% yield increment over the standard cheek Dagime. The net benefit that were obtained from Ebba, Niguse and standard cheek Dagime were 67619.15 ETB, 59969.15 ETB and 63969.15 ETB respectively Given that the farmers desired requirements were met by the verity Ebba hence Based on these result obtained fact, Ebba variety with recommended input was suggested for next scale up and cluster farming for demonstration districts and other comparable location.
    VL  - 4
    IS  - 2
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Author Information
  • Ethiopian Institute of Agricultural Research (EIAR), Holeta Agricultural Research Center (HARC), Holeta, Ethiopia

  • Ethiopian Institute of Agricultural Research (EIAR), Holeta Agricultural Research Center (HARC), Holeta, Ethiopia

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