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Study on the Prevalence of Babesiosis in Domestic Cattles of Various Areas of Sindh, Pakistan

Received: May 29, 2022    Accepted: Jun. 27, 2022    Published: Aug. 29, 2022
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Abstract

The current study was done to determine the incidence of babesiosis among domestic cattle in Sindh, in light of the relevance of tick-borne diseases in the livestock industry. Over the course of a year, n=1500 blood samples were taken from clinically questionable animals. A microscope was used to analyses all of the blood samples. Babesiosis was found to be prevalent in 51.47% of the population. B. boves had a much higher prevalence 32.8% than B. bigemina 18.67%. Female cattle were more susceptible to both B. boves and B. bigemina than male cattle. Both B. boves 38.57% and B. bigemina 23.57% were found to be very positive in cattle under the age of two years. Similarly, during the summer season, the rate of positive for both B. boves 51.33% and B. bigemina 31.3% was observed to be high. Tick and disease prevalence in a certain area, as well as the season, are contributing variables in Babesia diagnosis, particularly in areas like Sindh, where modern testing is not available. Babesiosis can be treated with a variety of different medications. Antiprotozoal medicines such as imidocarb dipropionate and diminazine aceturate are commonly used in conjunction with antibiotics such as Doxycycline and Enrofloxacin. Another option is Metronidazole. The combination of atovaquone and azithromycin has been shown to be effective against Babesia gibsoni, but Asian genotypes of B. gibsoni are thought to be resistant. No medicine exists that can entirely eradicate the infectious pathogen.

DOI 10.11648/j.rd.20220303.12
Published in Research & Development ( Volume 3, Issue 3, September 2022 )
Page(s) 149-153
Creative Commons

This is an Open Access article, distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/), which permits unrestricted use, distribution and reproduction in any medium or format, provided the original work is properly cited.

Copyright

Copyright © The Author(s), 2024. Published by Science Publishing Group

Keywords

Babesia, Prevalence, Microscopy, Cattle, Sindh

References
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    Mahaveer, Muhammad Umer, Sajid Abbas, Wasim Abbas, Saba Naazir, et al. (2022). Study on the Prevalence of Babesiosis in Domestic Cattles of Various Areas of Sindh, Pakistan. Research & Development, 3(3), 149-153. https://doi.org/10.11648/j.rd.20220303.12

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    Mahaveer; Muhammad Umer; Sajid Abbas; Wasim Abbas; Saba Naazir, et al. Study on the Prevalence of Babesiosis in Domestic Cattles of Various Areas of Sindh, Pakistan. Res. Dev. 2022, 3(3), 149-153. doi: 10.11648/j.rd.20220303.12

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    Mahaveer, Muhammad Umer, Sajid Abbas, Wasim Abbas, Saba Naazir, et al. Study on the Prevalence of Babesiosis in Domestic Cattles of Various Areas of Sindh, Pakistan. Res Dev. 2022;3(3):149-153. doi: 10.11648/j.rd.20220303.12

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  • @article{10.11648/j.rd.20220303.12,
      author = {Mahaveer and Muhammad Umer and Sajid Abbas and Wasim Abbas and Saba Naazir and Rehana Shahnawaz},
      title = {Study on the Prevalence of Babesiosis in Domestic Cattles of Various Areas of Sindh, Pakistan},
      journal = {Research & Development},
      volume = {3},
      number = {3},
      pages = {149-153},
      doi = {10.11648/j.rd.20220303.12},
      url = {https://doi.org/10.11648/j.rd.20220303.12},
      eprint = {https://download.sciencepg.com/pdf/10.11648.j.rd.20220303.12},
      abstract = {The current study was done to determine the incidence of babesiosis among domestic cattle in Sindh, in light of the relevance of tick-borne diseases in the livestock industry. Over the course of a year, n=1500 blood samples were taken from clinically questionable animals. A microscope was used to analyses all of the blood samples. Babesiosis was found to be prevalent in 51.47% of the population. B. boves had a much higher prevalence 32.8% than B. bigemina 18.67%. Female cattle were more susceptible to both B. boves and B. bigemina than male cattle. Both B. boves 38.57% and B. bigemina 23.57% were found to be very positive in cattle under the age of two years. Similarly, during the summer season, the rate of positive for both B. boves 51.33% and B. bigemina 31.3% was observed to be high. Tick and disease prevalence in a certain area, as well as the season, are contributing variables in Babesia diagnosis, particularly in areas like Sindh, where modern testing is not available. Babesiosis can be treated with a variety of different medications. Antiprotozoal medicines such as imidocarb dipropionate and diminazine aceturate are commonly used in conjunction with antibiotics such as Doxycycline and Enrofloxacin. Another option is Metronidazole. The combination of atovaquone and azithromycin has been shown to be effective against Babesia gibsoni, but Asian genotypes of B. gibsoni are thought to be resistant. No medicine exists that can entirely eradicate the infectious pathogen.},
     year = {2022}
    }
    

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    AU  - Sajid Abbas
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    AB  - The current study was done to determine the incidence of babesiosis among domestic cattle in Sindh, in light of the relevance of tick-borne diseases in the livestock industry. Over the course of a year, n=1500 blood samples were taken from clinically questionable animals. A microscope was used to analyses all of the blood samples. Babesiosis was found to be prevalent in 51.47% of the population. B. boves had a much higher prevalence 32.8% than B. bigemina 18.67%. Female cattle were more susceptible to both B. boves and B. bigemina than male cattle. Both B. boves 38.57% and B. bigemina 23.57% were found to be very positive in cattle under the age of two years. Similarly, during the summer season, the rate of positive for both B. boves 51.33% and B. bigemina 31.3% was observed to be high. Tick and disease prevalence in a certain area, as well as the season, are contributing variables in Babesia diagnosis, particularly in areas like Sindh, where modern testing is not available. Babesiosis can be treated with a variety of different medications. Antiprotozoal medicines such as imidocarb dipropionate and diminazine aceturate are commonly used in conjunction with antibiotics such as Doxycycline and Enrofloxacin. Another option is Metronidazole. The combination of atovaquone and azithromycin has been shown to be effective against Babesia gibsoni, but Asian genotypes of B. gibsoni are thought to be resistant. No medicine exists that can entirely eradicate the infectious pathogen.
    VL  - 3
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    ER  - 

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Author Information
  • Faculty of Veterinary Sciences, Shaheed Benazir Bhutto University of Veterinary and Animal Sciences, Sakrand, Pakistan

  • Faculty of Veterinary Sciences, Shaheed Benazir Bhutto University of Veterinary and Animal Sciences, Sakrand, Pakistan

  • Faculty of Animals Husbandry & Veterinary Sciences, Sindh Agriculture University, Tandojam, Pakistan

  • Faculty of Animals Husbandry & Veterinary Sciences, Sindh Agriculture University, Tandojam, Pakistan

  • Faculty of Animals Husbandry & Veterinary Sciences, Sindh Agriculture University, Tandojam, Pakistan

  • Faculty of Animals Husbandry & Veterinary Sciences, Sindh Agriculture University, Tandojam, Pakistan

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