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Causes of a Possible Migration of the Middle Class in Brasilia/DF, Brazil

Received: Mar. 07, 2022    Accepted: Apr. 01, 2022    Published: Apr. 22, 2022
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Abstract

This article tried to investigate the migration of Brasília's middle class from Plano Piloto, previously the preferred location of this social extract, to closed vertical condominiums in regions on the edges of the protected area of the capital of Brazil. For the investigation, exploratory research was used, sending electronic forms to the residents of two condominiums. The answers suggest concerns related to the feeling of insecurity in the superblocks, a residential area of the Plano Piloto, when compared to the closed vertical condominiums. Another predominant response was the few leisure facilities in the superblocks. In fact, they are two distinct ways of appropriating space, the superblocks are an experience that sought to democratize space at ground level, with freedom of movement. However, criminality has led people to seek out fortified enclaves, which takes away much of Brasília's intended urbanity. A photographic report was also carried out in order to demonstrate the differences in terms of leisure equipment. The data were analyzed and showed the need of further studies to better understand and propose actions to prevent or mitigate the damage resulting from what appears to be a devaluation trend of the Plano Piloto that usually leads to the deterioration of the region.

DOI 10.11648/j.rd.20220302.16
Published in Research & Development ( Volume 3, Issue 2, June 2022 )
Page(s) 106-113
Creative Commons

This is an Open Access article, distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/), which permits unrestricted use, distribution and reproduction in any medium or format, provided the original work is properly cited.

Copyright

Copyright © The Author(s), 2024. Published by Science Publishing Group

Keywords

Migration, Plano Piloto, Condiminiums

References
[1] CALDEIRA, TPRC (2000). Cidade de muros: crime, segregação e cidadania em São Paulo. São Paulo, Editora 34/Edusp.
[2] CARPINTERO, ACC (1998). Brasília: prática e teoria urbanística no Brasil, 1956-1998. São Paulo: bdpi.usp.br.
[3] Instituto do Patrimônio Histórico e Artístico Nacional (Brasil). Superintendência do Iphan no Distrito Federal (2015). Superquadra de Brasília: preservando um lugar de viver / Instituto do Patrimônio Histórico e Artístico Nacional. Superintendência do Iphan no Distrito Federal; organização e coordenação Carlos Madson Reis, Sandra Bernardes Ribeiro e Francisco Ricardo Costa Pinto; texto, Claudia Marina Vasques et al. – Brasília-DF.J. Neiber, Energieeinsparung und Lastmanagement, C. A. R. M. E. N.-Forum, 2013, pp. 59-67.
[4] OLIVEIRA, W. C. A. A Urbanização: Processo Social de Segregação Socioespacial e a Distribuição das Moradias no Distrito Federal do Brasil. XV Coloquio Internacional de Geocrítica Las ciencias sociales y la edificación de una sociedad post-capitalista Barcelona, 7-12 de mayo de 2018.
[5] RIBEIRO, R. J. da C. (2008) Índice composto de qualidade de vida urbana – aspectos de configuração especial, socioeconômicos e ambientes urbanos. Tese de Doutorado. Brasília, Universidade de Brasília.
[6] SOUZA, B. T.; RIBEIRO, R. J. da C. (2010), O antagonismo entre emprego e moradia no Distrito Federal. Cad. Metrópole, São Paulo, v. 12, n. 23.
[7] Laws or Decrees Plano Diretor de Ordenamento Territorial do Distrito Federal – PDOT. Distrito Federal, Lei complementar nº 803, de 25 de abril de 2009.
[8] Plano Diretor Local Guará, Distrito Federal, Lei complementar nº 733, de 13 de dezembro de 2006.
[9] Atlas-da-Violencia-2019. http://www.forumseguranca.org.br (consulta em: 28/02/2020).
[10] Montagem de Brasília Revisitada – Anexo ao Decreto nº 10.829/1987, com base na republicação no Diário Oficial do Distrito Federal de 23 de outubro de 1987. Em: http://www.tc.df.gov.br/SINJ/Diario/edc873c6-9d83-3e8c-8f36-611c5aeb0121/1507eba5.pdf. (Consulta em 18/07/2020).
[11] PANORAMA HABITACIONAL PROSPECTIVO PARA O DF - 2020/2025 Documento elaborado pela Gerência de Estudos Urbanos GEURB/DEURA/CODEPLAN (Sergio Jatobá) com colaboração da Diretoria de Estudos e Políticas Sociais – DIPOS/CODEPLAN (Ana Maria Nogales Vasconcelos). Em http://www.codeplan.df.gov.br/wp-content/uploads/2018/11/Panorama-Habitacional-prospectivo-para-o-DF-2020-2025.pdf (consulta em 22/07/2020).
[12] http://www.forumseguranca.org.br/atividades/anuario/ (consulta em: 28/02/2020).
[13] http://secovidf.com.br/ Real Estate Bulletin, November 2019 sample, last available. It can be accessed on the SECOVI DF website.
[14] www.dfimoveis.com.br to determine the value of the square meter in the Park Sul Park Sul Prime Residence and Super Quadra Atlântica condominiums.
[15] www.wimoveis.com.br/ br to determine the value of the square meter in the Park Sul Park Sul Prime Residence and Super Quadra Atlântica condominiums.
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  • APA Style

    Flavio Rodrigues Ferraz. (2022). Causes of a Possible Migration of the Middle Class in Brasilia/DF, Brazil. Research & Development, 3(2), 106-113. https://doi.org/10.11648/j.rd.20220302.16

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    ACS Style

    Flavio Rodrigues Ferraz. Causes of a Possible Migration of the Middle Class in Brasilia/DF, Brazil. Res. Dev. 2022, 3(2), 106-113. doi: 10.11648/j.rd.20220302.16

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    AMA Style

    Flavio Rodrigues Ferraz. Causes of a Possible Migration of the Middle Class in Brasilia/DF, Brazil. Res Dev. 2022;3(2):106-113. doi: 10.11648/j.rd.20220302.16

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  • @article{10.11648/j.rd.20220302.16,
      author = {Flavio Rodrigues Ferraz},
      title = {Causes of a Possible Migration of the Middle Class in Brasilia/DF, Brazil},
      journal = {Research & Development},
      volume = {3},
      number = {2},
      pages = {106-113},
      doi = {10.11648/j.rd.20220302.16},
      url = {https://doi.org/10.11648/j.rd.20220302.16},
      eprint = {https://download.sciencepg.com/pdf/10.11648.j.rd.20220302.16},
      abstract = {This article tried to investigate the migration of Brasília's middle class from Plano Piloto, previously the preferred location of this social extract, to closed vertical condominiums in regions on the edges of the protected area of the capital of Brazil. For the investigation, exploratory research was used, sending electronic forms to the residents of two condominiums. The answers suggest concerns related to the feeling of insecurity in the superblocks, a residential area of the Plano Piloto, when compared to the closed vertical condominiums. Another predominant response was the few leisure facilities in the superblocks. In fact, they are two distinct ways of appropriating space, the superblocks are an experience that sought to democratize space at ground level, with freedom of movement. However, criminality has led people to seek out fortified enclaves, which takes away much of Brasília's intended urbanity. A photographic report was also carried out in order to demonstrate the differences in terms of leisure equipment. The data were analyzed and showed the need of further studies to better understand and propose actions to prevent or mitigate the damage resulting from what appears to be a devaluation trend of the Plano Piloto that usually leads to the deterioration of the region.},
     year = {2022}
    }
    

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    AB  - This article tried to investigate the migration of Brasília's middle class from Plano Piloto, previously the preferred location of this social extract, to closed vertical condominiums in regions on the edges of the protected area of the capital of Brazil. For the investigation, exploratory research was used, sending electronic forms to the residents of two condominiums. The answers suggest concerns related to the feeling of insecurity in the superblocks, a residential area of the Plano Piloto, when compared to the closed vertical condominiums. Another predominant response was the few leisure facilities in the superblocks. In fact, they are two distinct ways of appropriating space, the superblocks are an experience that sought to democratize space at ground level, with freedom of movement. However, criminality has led people to seek out fortified enclaves, which takes away much of Brasília's intended urbanity. A photographic report was also carried out in order to demonstrate the differences in terms of leisure equipment. The data were analyzed and showed the need of further studies to better understand and propose actions to prevent or mitigate the damage resulting from what appears to be a devaluation trend of the Plano Piloto that usually leads to the deterioration of the region.
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Author Information
  • Morphological Dimensions of Urban Planning, Faculty of Architecture and Urbanism, University of Brasília, Brasília, Brazil

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