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The Effect of Assertiveness Training on Behaviour, Self-esteem, Stress, Academic Achievement and Psychological Well-Being of Students: A Quasi-Experimental Study

Received: Mar. 11, 2022    Accepted: Mar. 30, 2022    Published: Apr. 20, 2022
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Abstract

The need to communicate is as essential as the need to breathe. The communication between human beings is a shared social system and a vital part of human activity. To overcome communication problems, the best way to communicate effectively is to adopt an assertive attitude towards others. Otherwise, relations are likely to be ineffective. Therefore, The study examines the effect of assertiveness training on behaviour, self-esteem, stress, academic achievement and psychological well-being among students. Method: The study employs Quasi-experimental design where 70 participants aged 17-21 years were selected randomly and assigned into two groups as experimental (N-35) and control group (N-35). Tools: Assertiveness scale (AS), self-esteem questionnaire (RSE) and perceived stress scale (PSS), academic achievement (AAS) and psychological well-being (PWB) were used. Results: The findings showed a significant decrease in aggression and submission scores in post-test condition but not in the follow up. It also revealed that assertiveness training was efficacious in raising students’ assertiveness, self-esteem, academic achievement and significantly reducing stress. This effect appears to be sustained for about 2-months as the follow-up reflects. Conclusion: It may be concluded that the Assertiveness Training when introduced in academic institutions will have a sustained effect in enhancing the students’ overall well being and achievement.

DOI 10.11648/j.rd.20220302.13
Published in Research & Development ( Volume 3, Issue 2, June 2022 )
Page(s) 83-90
Creative Commons

This is an Open Access article, distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/), which permits unrestricted use, distribution and reproduction in any medium or format, provided the original work is properly cited.

Copyright

Copyright © The Author(s), 2024. Published by Science Publishing Group

Keywords

Assertiveness, Stress, Self-esteem, Adolescents

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  • APA Style

    Waqar Maqbool Parray, Sanjay Kumar. (2022). The Effect of Assertiveness Training on Behaviour, Self-esteem, Stress, Academic Achievement and Psychological Well-Being of Students: A Quasi-Experimental Study. Research & Development, 3(2), 83-90. https://doi.org/10.11648/j.rd.20220302.13

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    ACS Style

    Waqar Maqbool Parray; Sanjay Kumar. The Effect of Assertiveness Training on Behaviour, Self-esteem, Stress, Academic Achievement and Psychological Well-Being of Students: A Quasi-Experimental Study. Res. Dev. 2022, 3(2), 83-90. doi: 10.11648/j.rd.20220302.13

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    AMA Style

    Waqar Maqbool Parray, Sanjay Kumar. The Effect of Assertiveness Training on Behaviour, Self-esteem, Stress, Academic Achievement and Psychological Well-Being of Students: A Quasi-Experimental Study. Res Dev. 2022;3(2):83-90. doi: 10.11648/j.rd.20220302.13

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  • @article{10.11648/j.rd.20220302.13,
      author = {Waqar Maqbool Parray and Sanjay Kumar},
      title = {The Effect of Assertiveness Training on Behaviour, Self-esteem, Stress, Academic Achievement and Psychological Well-Being of Students: A Quasi-Experimental Study},
      journal = {Research & Development},
      volume = {3},
      number = {2},
      pages = {83-90},
      doi = {10.11648/j.rd.20220302.13},
      url = {https://doi.org/10.11648/j.rd.20220302.13},
      eprint = {https://download.sciencepg.com/pdf/10.11648.j.rd.20220302.13},
      abstract = {The need to communicate is as essential as the need to breathe. The communication between human beings is a shared social system and a vital part of human activity. To overcome communication problems, the best way to communicate effectively is to adopt an assertive attitude towards others. Otherwise, relations are likely to be ineffective. Therefore, The study examines the effect of assertiveness training on behaviour, self-esteem, stress, academic achievement and psychological well-being among students. Method: The study employs Quasi-experimental design where 70 participants aged 17-21 years were selected randomly and assigned into two groups as experimental (N-35) and control group (N-35). Tools: Assertiveness scale (AS), self-esteem questionnaire (RSE) and perceived stress scale (PSS), academic achievement (AAS) and psychological well-being (PWB) were used. Results: The findings showed a significant decrease in aggression and submission scores in post-test condition but not in the follow up. It also revealed that assertiveness training was efficacious in raising students’ assertiveness, self-esteem, academic achievement and significantly reducing stress. This effect appears to be sustained for about 2-months as the follow-up reflects. Conclusion: It may be concluded that the Assertiveness Training when introduced in academic institutions will have a sustained effect in enhancing the students’ overall well being and achievement.},
     year = {2022}
    }
    

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    T1  - The Effect of Assertiveness Training on Behaviour, Self-esteem, Stress, Academic Achievement and Psychological Well-Being of Students: A Quasi-Experimental Study
    AU  - Waqar Maqbool Parray
    AU  - Sanjay Kumar
    Y1  - 2022/04/20
    PY  - 2022
    N1  - https://doi.org/10.11648/j.rd.20220302.13
    DO  - 10.11648/j.rd.20220302.13
    T2  - Research & Development
    JF  - Research & Development
    JO  - Research & Development
    SP  - 83
    EP  - 90
    PB  - Science Publishing Group
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    UR  - https://doi.org/10.11648/j.rd.20220302.13
    AB  - The need to communicate is as essential as the need to breathe. The communication between human beings is a shared social system and a vital part of human activity. To overcome communication problems, the best way to communicate effectively is to adopt an assertive attitude towards others. Otherwise, relations are likely to be ineffective. Therefore, The study examines the effect of assertiveness training on behaviour, self-esteem, stress, academic achievement and psychological well-being among students. Method: The study employs Quasi-experimental design where 70 participants aged 17-21 years were selected randomly and assigned into two groups as experimental (N-35) and control group (N-35). Tools: Assertiveness scale (AS), self-esteem questionnaire (RSE) and perceived stress scale (PSS), academic achievement (AAS) and psychological well-being (PWB) were used. Results: The findings showed a significant decrease in aggression and submission scores in post-test condition but not in the follow up. It also revealed that assertiveness training was efficacious in raising students’ assertiveness, self-esteem, academic achievement and significantly reducing stress. This effect appears to be sustained for about 2-months as the follow-up reflects. Conclusion: It may be concluded that the Assertiveness Training when introduced in academic institutions will have a sustained effect in enhancing the students’ overall well being and achievement.
    VL  - 3
    IS  - 2
    ER  - 

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Author Information
  • Department of Psychology, School of Humanities & Social Sciences, Dr. Harisingh Gour Vishwavidyalaya, Sagar, India

  • Department of Psychology, Central University of Punjab, Bathinda, India

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