Research & Development

| Peer-Reviewed |

AMMI Analysis for Grain Yield Stability in Faba Bean Genotypes Evaluated in the Highlands of Bale, Southeastern Ethiopia

Received: 19 March 2021    Accepted: 19 May 2021    Published: 27 May 2021
Views:       Downloads:

Share This Article

Abstract

Genotype by environment interactions are studied to gain a better understanding of various phenomena. Among which yield stability can be highly determined by evaluating genotypes across different testing sites. This study was conducted to determine the effect of genotype × environment interaction (GEI) on grain yield, and to asses yield stability of faba bean genotypes. For this purpose, fourteen faba bean genotypes were evaluated using randomized complete block design with four replications at Sinana, Agarfa and Goba for three years (2017 to 2019) in the highlands of Bale, Southeastern Ethiopia. In this study it was revealed significant variation for the main effects, Genotypes, Environments and their interaction effect at P<0.01%.). Genotype's mean grain yield ranged from 2.14t/ha (EK05024-3) to 3.24t/ha (EK06007-2). The analysis of variance for AMMI also revealed significant variation for genotypes, environment and genotypes by environment interaction. Of the total sum of variation observed in grain yield environment, genotype and GEI contributed 86.15%, 5.67% and 8.15%, respectively. Using stability parameters ASV and Genotype Selection Index (GSI), genotype G1, G8, G12 and G14 showed general stability over the testing environments, whereas G3, G4, and G10 showed moderate stability since they have the second lowest GSI. But of all these genotypes, G10 gave the largest mean grain yield with a yield advantage of 21% compared to the checks used in this study. Therefore, G10, because of its yielding potential and moderate stability over the testing environments, it was selected as candidate genotype to be verified for possible release in the highlands of Bale, Southeastern Ethiopia and similar agro-ecologies.

DOI 10.11648/j.rd.20210202.11
Published in Research & Development (Volume 2, Issue 2, June 2021)
Page(s) 27-31
Creative Commons

This is an Open Access article, distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/), which permits unrestricted use, distribution and reproduction in any medium or format, provided the original work is properly cited.

Copyright

Copyright © The Author(s), 2024. Published by Science Publishing Group

Keywords

AMMI, Faba Bean, Genotype X Environment Interaction, GSI

References
[1] Cathrine K., Jens Nørgaard K. Winnie F. Jens S., Frederick L. Luc Janss, and Andersen S. U. (2019). Evaluation of yield, yield stability and yield-protein trade-off in commercial faba bean cultivars https://doi.org/10.1101/843862.
[2] Crossa J. Statistical analyses of multi-location trials. Adv. Agron. 1990; 44: 55-85.
[3] Crossa, J., Fox P. N., Pfeiffer, W. H., Rajaram, S., and Gauch, H. G. 1991 AMMI adjustment for statistical analysis of an interactional wheat yield trial. Theor. App Gent, 81: 27-37.
[4] Dagnachew L., Kassahun T., and Girma M., 2014. Genotype by environment interaction and grain yield stability analysis for advanced triticale (x. Triticosecale wittmack) geno-types in western oromia, ethiopia. Ethiop. J. Sci., 37 (1): 63–68, 2014.
[5] Ebdon, J., and Gauch, H. 2002. Additive Main Effect and Multiplicative Interaction Analysis of National Turfgrass Performance Trials. I. Interpretation of Genotype × Environment Interaction. Crop Sci., 42 (2): 489-496.
[6] Farshadfar, E. 2008. Incorporation of AMMI stability value and grain yield in a single non-parametric index (GSI) in bread wheat. Pak J Biol Sci, 11 (4): 1791-1796.
[7] Ferreira DF, Demetrio CGB, Manly BFJ, Machado ADA, Vencovsky R. Statistical model in agriculture: Biometrical methods for evaluating phenotypic stability in plant breeding. Cerne Lavras. 2006; 12: 373-388.
[8] Getahun Mitiku and Abere Mnalku. 2019. Faba Bean (Vicia faba L.) Yield and Yield Components as Influenced by Inoculation with Indigenous Rhizobial Isolates under Acidic Soil Condition of the Central Highlands of Ethiopia. Ethiop. J. Agric. Sci. 29 (3) 49-61.
[9] Hussein MA, Bjornstad A, Aastveit AH. SASG x ESTAB: A SAS program for computing genotype x environment stability statistics. Agron. J. 2000; 92: 454-459.
[10] Mesfin T, Wassu M, Mussa J. (2019). Genetic Variability on Grain Yield and Related Agronomic Traits of Faba Bean (Vicia faba L.) Genotypes under Soil Acidity Stress in the Central Highlands of Ethiopia. Chemical and Biomolecular Engineering, 4 (4): 52-58. doi: 10.11648/j.cbe.20190404.12.
[11] Mohammadi R, Armion M, Shabani A, (2007). Daryaei A. Identification of stability and adaptability in advanced durum genotypes using AMMI analysis. Asian J. Plant Sci. 6: 1261-1268.
[12] Mussa J, Gemechu K. (2006). Vicia faba L. In: Brink, M. and Belay, G. (eds.). Plant Resources of Tropical Africa 1: Cereals and Pulses. Wageningen, Netherlands/Backhuys: PROTA Foundation.
[13] Navabi A, Yang RC, Helm, J, Spaner DM. 2006. Can spring wheat growing mega-environments in the northern great-plains be dissected for representative locations or niche-adapted genotypes Crop Sci. 2006; 46: 1107-1116.
[14] Purchase, J. L., Hatting H., and Vandenventer, C. S. 2000. Genotype x environment interaction of winter wheat in South Africa: II. Stability analysis of yield performance. South Afr J Plant Soil, 17: 101-107.
[15] Tadele Tadesse, Behailu Mulugeta, Gashaw Sefera, Amanuel Tekalign. 2017. Genotypes by Environment Interaction of Faba Bean (Viciafaba L.) Grain Yield in the Highland of Bale Zone, Southeastern Ethiopia. Plant. Vol. 5, No. 1, 2017, pp. 13-17. doi: 10.11648/j.plant.20170501.13.
[16] Tamene, T., Gemechu K., Tadese S., and Mussa J. (2015). Yield stability and relationships among stability parameters in faba bean (Vicia faba L.) genotypes. The crop Journal 3: 2 5 8 – 2 6 8.
[17] Zobel RW, Wright MJ, Gauch HG. Statistical analysis of a yield trial. Agron. J. 1988; 80: 388-393.
Cite This Article
  • APA Style

    Tadele Tadesse, Amanuel Tekalign, Gashaw Sefera, Belay Asmare. (2021). AMMI Analysis for Grain Yield Stability in Faba Bean Genotypes Evaluated in the Highlands of Bale, Southeastern Ethiopia. Research & Development, 2(2), 27-31. https://doi.org/10.11648/j.rd.20210202.11

    Copy | Download

    ACS Style

    Tadele Tadesse; Amanuel Tekalign; Gashaw Sefera; Belay Asmare. AMMI Analysis for Grain Yield Stability in Faba Bean Genotypes Evaluated in the Highlands of Bale, Southeastern Ethiopia. Res. Dev. 2021, 2(2), 27-31. doi: 10.11648/j.rd.20210202.11

    Copy | Download

    AMA Style

    Tadele Tadesse, Amanuel Tekalign, Gashaw Sefera, Belay Asmare. AMMI Analysis for Grain Yield Stability in Faba Bean Genotypes Evaluated in the Highlands of Bale, Southeastern Ethiopia. Res Dev. 2021;2(2):27-31. doi: 10.11648/j.rd.20210202.11

    Copy | Download

  • @article{10.11648/j.rd.20210202.11,
      author = {Tadele Tadesse and Amanuel Tekalign and Gashaw Sefera and Belay Asmare},
      title = {AMMI Analysis for Grain Yield Stability in Faba Bean Genotypes Evaluated in the Highlands of Bale, Southeastern Ethiopia},
      journal = {Research & Development},
      volume = {2},
      number = {2},
      pages = {27-31},
      doi = {10.11648/j.rd.20210202.11},
      url = {https://doi.org/10.11648/j.rd.20210202.11},
      eprint = {https://article.sciencepublishinggroup.com/pdf/10.11648.j.rd.20210202.11},
      abstract = {Genotype by environment interactions are studied to gain a better understanding of various phenomena. Among which yield stability can be highly determined by evaluating genotypes across different testing sites. This study was conducted to determine the effect of genotype × environment interaction (GEI) on grain yield, and to asses yield stability of faba bean genotypes. For this purpose, fourteen faba bean genotypes were evaluated using randomized complete block design with four replications at Sinana, Agarfa and Goba for three years (2017 to 2019) in the highlands of Bale, Southeastern Ethiopia. In this study it was revealed significant variation for the main effects, Genotypes, Environments and their interaction effect at P<0.01%.). Genotype's mean grain yield ranged from 2.14t/ha (EK05024-3) to 3.24t/ha (EK06007-2). The analysis of variance for AMMI also revealed significant variation for genotypes, environment and genotypes by environment interaction. Of the total sum of variation observed in grain yield environment, genotype and GEI contributed 86.15%, 5.67% and 8.15%, respectively. Using stability parameters ASV and Genotype Selection Index (GSI), genotype G1, G8, G12 and G14 showed general stability over the testing environments, whereas G3, G4, and G10 showed moderate stability since they have the second lowest GSI. But of all these genotypes, G10 gave the largest mean grain yield with a yield advantage of 21% compared to the checks used in this study. Therefore, G10, because of its yielding potential and moderate stability over the testing environments, it was selected as candidate genotype to be verified for possible release in the highlands of Bale, Southeastern Ethiopia and similar agro-ecologies.},
     year = {2021}
    }
    

    Copy | Download

  • TY  - JOUR
    T1  - AMMI Analysis for Grain Yield Stability in Faba Bean Genotypes Evaluated in the Highlands of Bale, Southeastern Ethiopia
    AU  - Tadele Tadesse
    AU  - Amanuel Tekalign
    AU  - Gashaw Sefera
    AU  - Belay Asmare
    Y1  - 2021/05/27
    PY  - 2021
    N1  - https://doi.org/10.11648/j.rd.20210202.11
    DO  - 10.11648/j.rd.20210202.11
    T2  - Research & Development
    JF  - Research & Development
    JO  - Research & Development
    SP  - 27
    EP  - 31
    PB  - Science Publishing Group
    SN  - 2994-7057
    UR  - https://doi.org/10.11648/j.rd.20210202.11
    AB  - Genotype by environment interactions are studied to gain a better understanding of various phenomena. Among which yield stability can be highly determined by evaluating genotypes across different testing sites. This study was conducted to determine the effect of genotype × environment interaction (GEI) on grain yield, and to asses yield stability of faba bean genotypes. For this purpose, fourteen faba bean genotypes were evaluated using randomized complete block design with four replications at Sinana, Agarfa and Goba for three years (2017 to 2019) in the highlands of Bale, Southeastern Ethiopia. In this study it was revealed significant variation for the main effects, Genotypes, Environments and their interaction effect at P<0.01%.). Genotype's mean grain yield ranged from 2.14t/ha (EK05024-3) to 3.24t/ha (EK06007-2). The analysis of variance for AMMI also revealed significant variation for genotypes, environment and genotypes by environment interaction. Of the total sum of variation observed in grain yield environment, genotype and GEI contributed 86.15%, 5.67% and 8.15%, respectively. Using stability parameters ASV and Genotype Selection Index (GSI), genotype G1, G8, G12 and G14 showed general stability over the testing environments, whereas G3, G4, and G10 showed moderate stability since they have the second lowest GSI. But of all these genotypes, G10 gave the largest mean grain yield with a yield advantage of 21% compared to the checks used in this study. Therefore, G10, because of its yielding potential and moderate stability over the testing environments, it was selected as candidate genotype to be verified for possible release in the highlands of Bale, Southeastern Ethiopia and similar agro-ecologies.
    VL  - 2
    IS  - 2
    ER  - 

    Copy | Download

Author Information
  • Oromia Agricultural Research Institute, Sinana Agriculture Research Center, Bale-Robe, Ethiopia

  • Oromia Agricultural Research Institute, Sinana Agriculture Research Center, Bale-Robe, Ethiopia

  • Oromia Agricultural Research Institute, Fiche Agriculture Research Center, Fiche, Ethiopia

  • Oromia Agricultural Research Institute, Sinana Agriculture Research Center, Bale-Robe, Ethiopia

  • Sections