Journal of Drug Design and Medicinal Chemistry

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Phytochemical Screening and Nutritional Constituents of Cleome Viscosa Root

Received: Oct. 03, 2023    Accepted: Oct. 23, 2023    Published: Nov. 09, 2023
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Abstract

Cleome viscosa known as asian spider flower or yellow spider flower in English, it’s known as” wild mustard” the plant is called Namijin yar anguwa in hausa and ‘eya’zo’ in nupe. The plant is an anaul sticky herb with, it belongs to capperacea family it’s grow up to 30 - 60 cm height the flower is yellow, they ocour in the road side, grassland and sandy soil. The plant has many ethnomedicinal uses. This study investigated the phytochemical screening, proximate analysis and mineral analysis of C. viscosa root with the view of the nutritional values. The result of the phytochemical screening shows that alkaloids, flavonoids, phenols, terpernoids, steroids, glycosides and tannis are present but saponnis is absent using ethanol as solvent extract. The proximate analysis result shows that the ash content was obtained as (5.0%), moisture content (6.5%), percentage crude protein (2.77%), percentage carbohydrate (15.73%), crude lipid (35.0%), and crude fibre (35.0%). The crude lipid and fibre with higher value shows that the C. viscosa is rich source of fibre and lipid. The estimated energy value was calculated as 355.76 kca/g show that C. viscosa root can be consider as calorie – dense food source. The result of mineral anysis of the has shown that C. viscosa root is rich in mineral, seven micro and macro mineral were detected which there concentrations were detected as Ca (0.74µg/ml), K (1.32µg/ml), Na (1.95µg/ml), Cu (0.044µg/ml), Mn (0.1905µg/ml), Fe (2.592µg/ml) and Zn (0.0028 µg/ml). Therefore, this study recommended that C. viscosa root can be included into day to day diet to improve nutrient intake and promote overall health and growth.

DOI 10.11648/j.jddmc.20230903.11
Published in Journal of Drug Design and Medicinal Chemistry ( Volume 9, Issue 3, September 2023 )
Page(s) 29-34
Creative Commons

This is an Open Access article, distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/), which permits unrestricted use, distribution and reproduction in any medium or format, provided the original work is properly cited.

Copyright

Copyright © The Author(s), 2024. Published by Science Publishing Group

Keywords

Cleome Viscosa, Root, Ethnomedicnal, Phytochemicals, Proximate, Nutritional Value, Mineral, Analysis

References
[1] Mali, R. G. (2010). Cleome viscosa (wild mustard): A review on ethnobotany, phytochemistry, and pharmacology. Pharmaceutical Biology, 48 (1), 105–112.
[2] Uraku, A. J. and Uraku, O. H. (2018). Quantitative assessment of phytochemicals and nutritional potential of leaves and seeds of Cleome viscosa from Abakaliki, Nigeria. Journal of Bioscience and Biotechnology Discovery, 3 (1), 25-29.
[3] Rukmini, S. and Deosthale, F. (1978). Sugar sucrose detected in cleome viscosa seed. Journal of Ethnopharmacology, 1, 42-83.
[4] Singh, H., Amrita, Mishra, A. and Mishra A. K. (2015). Cleome viscosa Linn (Capparaceae): A Review. Pharmacognosy Journal, 7, 6. DOI: 10.5530/pj.2015.6.1.
[5] Prasad, R. R., Azeemoddin, G., Ramayya, D. A., Thirumala, S. D., Devi, K. S., Pantulu, A. J. et al. (1980). Analysis and processing of Cleome viscosaseed and oil. Euro Journal of Lipid Science and Technology, 82, 119 21.
[6] Elufioye, O. T. and Onaja, O. J. (2015). Acute toxicity and histopathological of Cleome viscosa whole plant. Journal of medicinal plants Research, 9 (11), 360-369.
[7] Suresh, Y., Rajasekar, G., Lavanya, T., Lakshminarsimhulu, B., Reddy, S. K. and Reddy, R. S. (2020). Antioxidant and antidiabetic properties of isolated fraction from methanolic extract derived from the whole plant of Cleome viscosa L. Future Journal of Pharmaceutical sciences, 6, 103. Doi.org/10.11861543094-020-00122-1.
[8] Raipuria, N., Kori, D., Saxena, O. H., Pawar, G. and Choubey, S. K. (2018). Qualitative and quantitative evaluation of secondary metabolites in leaves, roots, sterm of Cleome viscosa L. International Journal of Green pharmacy, 12 (4), 285.
[9] Henty, E. E. and Pritchard, G. H. (1975). Weeds of New Guinea and their control. 2nd edition, Department of Forests, Division of Botany, Botany Bulletin. No. 7. Lae, Papua New Guinea. 180.
[10] Shah, G. L., Yadav, S. S. and Badri, N. (1983). Medicinal plants from Dahanu Forest division in Maharashtra State. Journal of Economic Taxonomic Botany, 4, 141 151.
[11] Gupta, N. K., and Dixit, V. D. (2011). Evaluation of hepato-protective activity of Cleome viscosa Linn. extract. Ind J Pharm. 41 (1), 36-40.
[12] Devi, B., Boominathan, R., Mandal, and S. C. (2002). Evaluation of anti-diarrheal activity of Cleome viscosa L. extracts in rats. Phytomed. 9 (8), 739-2.
[13] Harborne, J. B., Mabry, T. J. and Mabry, H. (1975). Eds. The Flavonoids. Chapman and Hall: London.
[14] Al-Marzook, F. A., and Omran, R. (2017). Cytotoxic activity of alkaloid extracts of different plants against breast cancer cell line. Asian Journal of Pharmaceutical Clinical Research, 10 (7), 168-171.
[15] Sruthi, S. N., Anchana, D. C., and Pushpa, N. (2021). Phytochemical Analysis of Tabernaemontana Divaricata Stem Extract. International Journal of Recent Scientific Research, 12 (04): 41581-41586. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.24327/ijrsr.2021.1204.5919
[16] Shah, R., K., and Yadav, R. N. S. (2015). Qualitative phytochemical analysis and estimation of total phenols and flavonoids in leaf extract of Sarcochlamys pulcherrima. Global Journal Bio-science and Biotechnology, 4 (1): 81-84.
[17] Ezeonu, C. S., and Ejikeme, C. M. (2016). Qualitative and quantitative determination of phytochemical contents of indigenous Nigerian softwoods. New Journal of Science, 2016, Article ID 5601327, 9. http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2016/5601327.
[18] Gul, R., Jan, S. U., Faridullah, S., Sherani, S., and Jahan, N. (2017). Preliminary phytochemical screening, quantitative analysis of alkaloids, and antioxidant activity of crude plant extracts from Ephedra intermedia indigenous to Balochistan. The Scientific World Journal, 2017, Article ID 5873648, 7. https://doi.org/10.1155/2017/5873648
[19] AOAC, (2004). Official Methods of Analysis. 5th Edition, Association of Official Analytical Chemists, Washington DC.
[20] AOAC, (1998). Official Methods of Analysis. 4th Edition, Association of Official Analytical Chemists, Washington DC.
[21] AOAC, (1990). Official Methods of Analysis. 4th Edition, Association of Official Analytical Chemists, Washington DC.
[22] Martin, E. A. and Coolidge, A. A. (1978). Nutrition in Action, 4th edition, Holt, R and Winston.
[23] Yarrappari, S., Thopiredddy, L., Cheemanapalli, S., Narala, R. R. Venkata., Mohan, C. K., sadda, R. R., et al., (2022). Phytochemical analysis of Cleome viscosa active polyphenolic compounds possessing anti diabetic activity. Pharmacognosy Research, 14 (2), 195-203.
[24] Ezeabara, C. A, and Nwafulugo, S. N. (2015). Comparison of phytochemical and proximate compositions of parts of Cleome ciliata Schum. & Thonn. And Cleome viscosa L... World Journal of Biomedicine and Pharmaceutical Science, 1 (1): 1-5.
[25] Lavate, M. S., Shendkar, C. D., Torane, R., and Deshpande, N. (2011). Detection of Elements present in edible seeds of cleome viscosa. International journal of pharmaceutical Technology, 3 (2), 925-928.
[26] Watts, D. L. (1997). Trace Elements and other Essential Nutrients, Clinical Application of Tissue Mineral Analysis, Writer’s B-L-O-C-K edition. USA.
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  • APA Style

    Abdulaziz, M. (2023). Phytochemical Screening and Nutritional Constituents of Cleome Viscosa Root. Journal of Drug Design and Medicinal Chemistry, 9(3), 29-34. https://doi.org/10.11648/j.jddmc.20230903.11

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    ACS Style

    Abdulaziz, M. Phytochemical Screening and Nutritional Constituents of Cleome Viscosa Root. J. Drug Des. Med. Chem. 2023, 9(3), 29-34. doi: 10.11648/j.jddmc.20230903.11

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    AMA Style

    Abdulaziz M. Phytochemical Screening and Nutritional Constituents of Cleome Viscosa Root. J Drug Des Med Chem. 2023;9(3):29-34. doi: 10.11648/j.jddmc.20230903.11

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  • @article{10.11648/j.jddmc.20230903.11,
      author = {Musa Abdulaziz},
      title = {Phytochemical Screening and Nutritional Constituents of Cleome Viscosa Root},
      journal = {Journal of Drug Design and Medicinal Chemistry},
      volume = {9},
      number = {3},
      pages = {29-34},
      doi = {10.11648/j.jddmc.20230903.11},
      url = {https://doi.org/10.11648/j.jddmc.20230903.11},
      eprint = {https://download.sciencepg.com/pdf/10.11648.j.jddmc.20230903.11},
      abstract = {Cleome viscosa known as asian spider flower or yellow spider flower in English, it’s known as” wild mustard” the plant is called Namijin yar anguwa in hausa and ‘eya’zo’ in nupe. The plant is an anaul sticky herb with, it belongs to capperacea family it’s grow up to 30 - 60 cm height the flower is yellow, they ocour in the road side, grassland and sandy soil. The plant has many ethnomedicinal uses. This study investigated the phytochemical screening, proximate analysis and mineral analysis of C. viscosa root with the view of the nutritional values. The result of the phytochemical screening shows that alkaloids, flavonoids, phenols, terpernoids, steroids, glycosides and tannis are present but saponnis is absent using ethanol as solvent extract. The proximate analysis result shows that the ash content was obtained as (5.0%), moisture content (6.5%), percentage crude protein (2.77%), percentage carbohydrate (15.73%), crude lipid (35.0%), and crude fibre (35.0%). The crude lipid and fibre with higher value shows that the C. viscosa is rich source of fibre and lipid. The estimated energy value was calculated as 355.76 kca/g show that C. viscosa root can be consider as calorie – dense food source. The result of mineral anysis of the has shown that C. viscosa root is rich in mineral, seven micro and macro mineral were detected which there concentrations were detected as Ca (0.74µg/ml), K (1.32µg/ml), Na (1.95µg/ml), Cu (0.044µg/ml), Mn (0.1905µg/ml), Fe (2.592µg/ml) and Zn (0.0028 µg/ml). Therefore, this study recommended that C. viscosa root can be included into day to day diet to improve nutrient intake and promote overall health and growth.
    },
     year = {2023}
    }
    

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  • TY  - JOUR
    T1  - Phytochemical Screening and Nutritional Constituents of Cleome Viscosa Root
    AU  - Musa Abdulaziz
    Y1  - 2023/11/09
    PY  - 2023
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    DO  - 10.11648/j.jddmc.20230903.11
    T2  - Journal of Drug Design and Medicinal Chemistry
    JF  - Journal of Drug Design and Medicinal Chemistry
    JO  - Journal of Drug Design and Medicinal Chemistry
    SP  - 29
    EP  - 34
    PB  - Science Publishing Group
    SN  - 2472-3576
    UR  - https://doi.org/10.11648/j.jddmc.20230903.11
    AB  - Cleome viscosa known as asian spider flower or yellow spider flower in English, it’s known as” wild mustard” the plant is called Namijin yar anguwa in hausa and ‘eya’zo’ in nupe. The plant is an anaul sticky herb with, it belongs to capperacea family it’s grow up to 30 - 60 cm height the flower is yellow, they ocour in the road side, grassland and sandy soil. The plant has many ethnomedicinal uses. This study investigated the phytochemical screening, proximate analysis and mineral analysis of C. viscosa root with the view of the nutritional values. The result of the phytochemical screening shows that alkaloids, flavonoids, phenols, terpernoids, steroids, glycosides and tannis are present but saponnis is absent using ethanol as solvent extract. The proximate analysis result shows that the ash content was obtained as (5.0%), moisture content (6.5%), percentage crude protein (2.77%), percentage carbohydrate (15.73%), crude lipid (35.0%), and crude fibre (35.0%). The crude lipid and fibre with higher value shows that the C. viscosa is rich source of fibre and lipid. The estimated energy value was calculated as 355.76 kca/g show that C. viscosa root can be consider as calorie – dense food source. The result of mineral anysis of the has shown that C. viscosa root is rich in mineral, seven micro and macro mineral were detected which there concentrations were detected as Ca (0.74µg/ml), K (1.32µg/ml), Na (1.95µg/ml), Cu (0.044µg/ml), Mn (0.1905µg/ml), Fe (2.592µg/ml) and Zn (0.0028 µg/ml). Therefore, this study recommended that C. viscosa root can be included into day to day diet to improve nutrient intake and promote overall health and growth.
    
    VL  - 9
    IS  - 3
    ER  - 

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Author Information
  • Department of Chemistry, Federal University Gusau, Zamfara, Nigeria

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