International Journal of Agricultural Economics

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Technical Efficiency of Groundnut Production: The Case of North Western Ethiopia

Received: 28 April 2023    Accepted: 19 June 2023    Published: 17 November 2023
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Abstract

This study was aimed to measure the technical efficiency of farmers and to investigate determinants of technical inefficiency of groundnut producers in the north western parts of Ethiopia. A Semi-structured questionnaire was used to collect the primary data from 201 randomly selected groundnut producers in the North western parts of Ethiopia. Descriptive statistics and stochastic frontier production model was employed. The result showed that the average technical efficiency of groundnut production was 0.68. This indicates, given the available existing technology, groundnut production can be increased by 32%. The SFP model revealed that area and labor were found to be statistically and positively significant at 1 and 5% significance levels respectively. The positive result suggests; a 1% increase can have a potential increase in the yield of groundnut. The maximum likelihood estimates of the SFP model showed that Age, livestock ownership, marital status and training of the household head was found to be negatively influenced the technical inefficiency; whereas, sex of the household head and proximity to the nearest market were positively influenced technical inefficiency of groundnut producers. Therefore, this study suggests that improving livestock ownership and productivity, integrating women with agricultural extension service and programs, and arranging farmers experience sharing will enhance the technical efficiency of the farmers.

DOI 10.11648/j.ijae.20230806.12
Published in International Journal of Agricultural Economics (Volume 8, Issue 6, November 2023)
Page(s) 238-244
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This is an Open Access article, distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/), which permits unrestricted use, distribution and reproduction in any medium or format, provided the original work is properly cited.

Copyright

Copyright © The Author(s), 2024. Published by Science Publishing Group

Keywords

Technical Efficiency, Groundnut Production, Stochastic Frontier Production

References
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  • APA Style

    Wolde, D. T., Woundefiraw, B., Tesfaye, W. (2023). Technical Efficiency of Groundnut Production: The Case of North Western Ethiopia. International Journal of Agricultural Economics, 8(6), 238-244. https://doi.org/10.11648/j.ijae.20230806.12

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    ACS Style

    Wolde, D. T.; Woundefiraw, B.; Tesfaye, W. Technical Efficiency of Groundnut Production: The Case of North Western Ethiopia. Int. J. Agric. Econ. 2023, 8(6), 238-244. doi: 10.11648/j.ijae.20230806.12

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    AMA Style

    Wolde DT, Woundefiraw B, Tesfaye W. Technical Efficiency of Groundnut Production: The Case of North Western Ethiopia. Int J Agric Econ. 2023;8(6):238-244. doi: 10.11648/j.ijae.20230806.12

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  • @article{10.11648/j.ijae.20230806.12,
      author = {Desalegn Teshale Wolde and Belete Woundefiraw and Welay Tesfaye},
      title = {Technical Efficiency of Groundnut Production: The Case of North Western Ethiopia},
      journal = {International Journal of Agricultural Economics},
      volume = {8},
      number = {6},
      pages = {238-244},
      doi = {10.11648/j.ijae.20230806.12},
      url = {https://doi.org/10.11648/j.ijae.20230806.12},
      eprint = {https://article.sciencepublishinggroup.com/pdf/10.11648.j.ijae.20230806.12},
      abstract = {This study was aimed to measure the technical efficiency of farmers and to investigate determinants of technical inefficiency of groundnut producers in the north western parts of Ethiopia. A Semi-structured questionnaire was used to collect the primary data from 201 randomly selected groundnut producers in the North western parts of Ethiopia. Descriptive statistics and stochastic frontier production model was employed. The result showed that the average technical efficiency of groundnut production was 0.68. This indicates, given the available existing technology, groundnut production can be increased by 32%. The SFP model revealed that area and labor were found to be statistically and positively significant at 1 and 5% significance levels respectively. The positive result suggests; a 1% increase can have a potential increase in the yield of groundnut. The maximum likelihood estimates of the SFP model showed that Age, livestock ownership, marital status and training of the household head was found to be negatively influenced the technical inefficiency; whereas, sex of the household head and proximity to the nearest market were positively influenced technical inefficiency of groundnut producers. Therefore, this study suggests that improving livestock ownership and productivity, integrating women with agricultural extension service and programs, and arranging farmers experience sharing will enhance the technical efficiency of the farmers.
    },
     year = {2023}
    }
    

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    T1  - Technical Efficiency of Groundnut Production: The Case of North Western Ethiopia
    AU  - Desalegn Teshale Wolde
    AU  - Belete Woundefiraw
    AU  - Welay Tesfaye
    Y1  - 2023/11/17
    PY  - 2023
    N1  - https://doi.org/10.11648/j.ijae.20230806.12
    DO  - 10.11648/j.ijae.20230806.12
    T2  - International Journal of Agricultural Economics
    JF  - International Journal of Agricultural Economics
    JO  - International Journal of Agricultural Economics
    SP  - 238
    EP  - 244
    PB  - Science Publishing Group
    SN  - 2575-3843
    UR  - https://doi.org/10.11648/j.ijae.20230806.12
    AB  - This study was aimed to measure the technical efficiency of farmers and to investigate determinants of technical inefficiency of groundnut producers in the north western parts of Ethiopia. A Semi-structured questionnaire was used to collect the primary data from 201 randomly selected groundnut producers in the North western parts of Ethiopia. Descriptive statistics and stochastic frontier production model was employed. The result showed that the average technical efficiency of groundnut production was 0.68. This indicates, given the available existing technology, groundnut production can be increased by 32%. The SFP model revealed that area and labor were found to be statistically and positively significant at 1 and 5% significance levels respectively. The positive result suggests; a 1% increase can have a potential increase in the yield of groundnut. The maximum likelihood estimates of the SFP model showed that Age, livestock ownership, marital status and training of the household head was found to be negatively influenced the technical inefficiency; whereas, sex of the household head and proximity to the nearest market were positively influenced technical inefficiency of groundnut producers. Therefore, this study suggests that improving livestock ownership and productivity, integrating women with agricultural extension service and programs, and arranging farmers experience sharing will enhance the technical efficiency of the farmers.
    
    VL  - 8
    IS  - 6
    ER  - 

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Author Information
  • Agricultural Economics Research Directorate, Ethiopian Institute of Agricultural Research, Pawe Research Centre, Pawe, Ethiopia

  • Agricultural Economics Research Directorate, Ethiopian Institute of Agricultural Research, Pawe Research Centre, Pawe, Ethiopia

  • Agricultural Economics Research Directorate, Ethiopian Institute of Agricultural Research, Pawe Research Centre, Pawe, Ethiopia

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