International Journal of Applied Agricultural Sciences

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Effect of Controlled Fertilization on Crop Resistance to Stem Borers: Case of Sugarcane at the Borotou-Koro Integrated Agricultural Unit (North-West Côte d’ivoire)

Received: Sep. 21, 2023    Accepted: Oct. 10, 2023    Published: Oct. 28, 2023
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Abstract

The stem borer Eldana saccharina Walker (Lepidoptera: Pyralidae) is a major limiting factor in sugarcane production in Côte d'Ivoire, while yield is also reduced by poor soil quality. Borer management options include multiple approaches, including the proper application of chemical inputs. In such a context, it was interesting to study the effect of reasoned fertilization on the defence responses of sugarcane to Eldana saccharina. 3 plots divided into several microplots were used for experimentation. Each plot was subdivided into 3 blocks and each block received a dose based on soil analyses and the objective set. A significant reduction in damage caused by stem borers was observed on the T1 microplots due to the low rate of fertilizer applied, with average attack rates ≤ 10% overall. It should also be noted that the treatments that received urea alone had attack rates in the order of 6 to 7% unlike the treatments where urea was combined with other types of fertilizer. In fact, nitrogen is not only a factor in sugarcane yield but also a key element in the development of stalk borer larvae if it is not applied in an appropriate manner. While agro-ecological pest management, unlike conventional pest management, does not provide a faster response, it can provide sustainable protection of crops against stem borers while preserving the environment. In this respect, applications of silicon-based fertilizers, the installation of light traps and the application of essential oil against stem borers should be a feature of the next agricultural seasons in Borotou-Koro.

DOI 10.11648/j.ijaas.20230905.15
Published in International Journal of Applied Agricultural Sciences ( Volume 9, Issue 5, September 2023 )
Page(s) 159-167
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This is an Open Access article, distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/), which permits unrestricted use, distribution and reproduction in any medium or format, provided the original work is properly cited.

Copyright

Copyright © The Author(s), 2024. Published by Science Publishing Group

Keywords

Reasoned Fertilization, Stalk Borers, Sugarcane, Côte d’Ivoire

References
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  • APA Style

    Yao Kouakou Ladji, Gala Bi Trazie Jérémie, Binate Nozene, Yao Kouakou, Yao-Kouame Albert. (2023). Effect of Controlled Fertilization on Crop Resistance to Stem Borers: Case of Sugarcane at the Borotou-Koro Integrated Agricultural Unit (North-West Côte d’ivoire). International Journal of Applied Agricultural Sciences, 9(5), 159-167. https://doi.org/10.11648/j.ijaas.20230905.15

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    ACS Style

    Yao Kouakou Ladji; Gala Bi Trazie Jérémie; Binate Nozene; Yao Kouakou; Yao-Kouame Albert. Effect of Controlled Fertilization on Crop Resistance to Stem Borers: Case of Sugarcane at the Borotou-Koro Integrated Agricultural Unit (North-West Côte d’ivoire). Int. J. Appl. Agric. Sci. 2023, 9(5), 159-167. doi: 10.11648/j.ijaas.20230905.15

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    AMA Style

    Yao Kouakou Ladji, Gala Bi Trazie Jérémie, Binate Nozene, Yao Kouakou, Yao-Kouame Albert. Effect of Controlled Fertilization on Crop Resistance to Stem Borers: Case of Sugarcane at the Borotou-Koro Integrated Agricultural Unit (North-West Côte d’ivoire). Int J Appl Agric Sci. 2023;9(5):159-167. doi: 10.11648/j.ijaas.20230905.15

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  • @article{10.11648/j.ijaas.20230905.15,
      author = {Yao Kouakou Ladji and Gala Bi Trazie Jérémie and Binate Nozene and Yao Kouakou and Yao-Kouame Albert},
      title = {Effect of Controlled Fertilization on Crop Resistance to Stem Borers: Case of Sugarcane at the Borotou-Koro Integrated Agricultural Unit (North-West Côte d’ivoire)},
      journal = {International Journal of Applied Agricultural Sciences},
      volume = {9},
      number = {5},
      pages = {159-167},
      doi = {10.11648/j.ijaas.20230905.15},
      url = {https://doi.org/10.11648/j.ijaas.20230905.15},
      eprint = {https://download.sciencepg.com/pdf/10.11648.j.ijaas.20230905.15},
      abstract = {The stem borer Eldana saccharina Walker (Lepidoptera: Pyralidae) is a major limiting factor in sugarcane production in Côte d'Ivoire, while yield is also reduced by poor soil quality. Borer management options include multiple approaches, including the proper application of chemical inputs. In such a context, it was interesting to study the effect of reasoned fertilization on the defence responses of sugarcane to Eldana saccharina. 3 plots divided into several microplots were used for experimentation. Each plot was subdivided into 3 blocks and each block received a dose based on soil analyses and the objective set. A significant reduction in damage caused by stem borers was observed on the T1 microplots due to the low rate of fertilizer applied, with average attack rates ≤ 10% overall. It should also be noted that the treatments that received urea alone had attack rates in the order of 6 to 7% unlike the treatments where urea was combined with other types of fertilizer. In fact, nitrogen is not only a factor in sugarcane yield but also a key element in the development of stalk borer larvae if it is not applied in an appropriate manner. While agro-ecological pest management, unlike conventional pest management, does not provide a faster response, it can provide sustainable protection of crops against stem borers while preserving the environment. In this respect, applications of silicon-based fertilizers, the installation of light traps and the application of essential oil against stem borers should be a feature of the next agricultural seasons in Borotou-Koro.
    },
     year = {2023}
    }
    

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  • TY  - JOUR
    T1  - Effect of Controlled Fertilization on Crop Resistance to Stem Borers: Case of Sugarcane at the Borotou-Koro Integrated Agricultural Unit (North-West Côte d’ivoire)
    AU  - Yao Kouakou Ladji
    AU  - Gala Bi Trazie Jérémie
    AU  - Binate Nozene
    AU  - Yao Kouakou
    AU  - Yao-Kouame Albert
    Y1  - 2023/10/28
    PY  - 2023
    N1  - https://doi.org/10.11648/j.ijaas.20230905.15
    DO  - 10.11648/j.ijaas.20230905.15
    T2  - International Journal of Applied Agricultural Sciences
    JF  - International Journal of Applied Agricultural Sciences
    JO  - International Journal of Applied Agricultural Sciences
    SP  - 159
    EP  - 167
    PB  - Science Publishing Group
    SN  - 2469-7885
    UR  - https://doi.org/10.11648/j.ijaas.20230905.15
    AB  - The stem borer Eldana saccharina Walker (Lepidoptera: Pyralidae) is a major limiting factor in sugarcane production in Côte d'Ivoire, while yield is also reduced by poor soil quality. Borer management options include multiple approaches, including the proper application of chemical inputs. In such a context, it was interesting to study the effect of reasoned fertilization on the defence responses of sugarcane to Eldana saccharina. 3 plots divided into several microplots were used for experimentation. Each plot was subdivided into 3 blocks and each block received a dose based on soil analyses and the objective set. A significant reduction in damage caused by stem borers was observed on the T1 microplots due to the low rate of fertilizer applied, with average attack rates ≤ 10% overall. It should also be noted that the treatments that received urea alone had attack rates in the order of 6 to 7% unlike the treatments where urea was combined with other types of fertilizer. In fact, nitrogen is not only a factor in sugarcane yield but also a key element in the development of stalk borer larvae if it is not applied in an appropriate manner. While agro-ecological pest management, unlike conventional pest management, does not provide a faster response, it can provide sustainable protection of crops against stem borers while preserving the environment. In this respect, applications of silicon-based fertilizers, the installation of light traps and the application of essential oil against stem borers should be a feature of the next agricultural seasons in Borotou-Koro.
    
    VL  - 9
    IS  - 5
    ER  - 

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Author Information
  • Earth Sciences and Mining Resources Training and Research Unit, Félix Houphouët-Boigny University, Abidjan, Côte d’Ivoire

  • Earth Sciences and Mining Resources Training and Research Unit, Félix Houphouët-Boigny University, Abidjan, Côte d’Ivoire

  • Sucrivoire Department of Agronomic Studies, Borotou-Koro, Côte d’Ivoire

  • Sucrivoire Department of Agronomic Studies, Borotou-Koro, Côte d’Ivoire

  • Earth Sciences and Mining Resources Training and Research Unit, Félix Houphouët-Boigny University, Abidjan, Côte d’Ivoire

  • Section