European Journal of Preventive Medicine

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Factors Associated with Knowledge of Hypertension in Rural Guinea, 2023: Case of the Rural Commune of Maferinyah

Received: 3 February 2024    Accepted: 21 February 2024    Published: 29 February 2024
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Abstract

Introduction: While numerous studies have explored hypertension knowledge across Africa, they have predominantly focused on urban hospital settings and diagnosed patients. This study aimed to evaluate the determinants of hypertension knowledge in rural Guinea, a less-explored demographic. Methods: This cross-sectional study was conducted from March 01 to April 2023 within the Maferinyah sub-district and employed multivariate logistic regression to analyze the relationship between hypertension knowledge and various demographic characteristics. Results: The study included 701 individuals aged 16–65 years (mean age 38 years), with a predominance of women (68.3%) and those without formal education (62.8%). Key findings revealed that high economic status (aOR= 2.97; 95% CI: 1.91 - 4.64), age brackets of 41-50 years (aOR= 6.30; 95% CI: 3.51 - 11.5), 30-40 years (aOR= 4.74; 95% CI: 2.89 - 7.90), over 50 years (aOR= 4.13; 95% CI: 2.51 - 6.87), and unemployment (aOR= 2.60; 95% CI: 1.75 - 3.89) were significantly associated with higher hypertension awareness. Conclusion: Analysis of the collected data highlights a notable deficit in awareness of hypertension and its associated risk factors among the rural population of Guinea, underscoring the urgent need for targeted educational and awareness initiatives, especially among younger populations, to improve the understanding and management of Hypertension and other non-communicable diseases.

DOI 10.11648/j.ejpm.20241201.14
Published in European Journal of Preventive Medicine (Volume 12, Issue 1, February 2024)
Page(s) 17-23
Creative Commons

This is an Open Access article, distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/), which permits unrestricted use, distribution and reproduction in any medium or format, provided the original work is properly cited.

Copyright

Copyright © The Author(s), 2024. Published by Science Publishing Group

Keywords

Hypertension, Knowledge, Rural Guinea

References
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[15] Itinéraire Forécariah centre Maférinyah. Distance 28,6 km dureé 24 minutes. [Itinerary Forécariah center Maférinyah. Distance 28.6 km duration 24 minutes]. Trajet trafic n.d. https://www.planderoute.net/de-forecariah-centre-a-maferinyah.htm (accessed October 21, 2023).
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[18] Siedner MJ, Baisley K, Orne-Gliemann J, Pillay D, Koole O, Wong EB, et al. Linkage to primary care after home-based blood pressure screening in rural KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa: a population-based cohort study. BMJ Open 2018; 8: e023369. https://doi.org/10.1136/bmjopen-2018-023369
[19] Rahman MM, Gilmour S, Akter S, Abe SK, Saito E, Shibuya K. Prevalence and control of hypertension in Bangladesh: a multilevel analysis of a nationwide population-based survey. J Hypertens 2015; 33: 465–72; discussion 472. https://doi.org/10.1097/HJH.0000000000000421
[20] L’hypertension artérielle à Dakar : prévalence, connaissance, traitement et contrôle. Bull Société Pathol Exot 2015. [Macia E, Duboz P, Gueye L. High blood pressure in Dakar: prevalence, knowledge, treatment and control. Bull Society Pathol Exot 2015]; 108: 49–56. https://doi.org/10.1007/s13149-014-0369-2
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  • APA Style

    Camara, A. Y., Touré, A. A., Bangoura, S. T., Grovogui, F. M., Camara, S. C., et al. (2024). Factors Associated with Knowledge of Hypertension in Rural Guinea, 2023: Case of the Rural Commune of Maferinyah. European Journal of Preventive Medicine, 12(1), 17-23. https://doi.org/10.11648/j.ejpm.20241201.14

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    ACS Style

    Camara, A. Y.; Touré, A. A.; Bangoura, S. T.; Grovogui, F. M.; Camara, S. C., et al. Factors Associated with Knowledge of Hypertension in Rural Guinea, 2023: Case of the Rural Commune of Maferinyah. Eur. J. Prev. Med. 2024, 12(1), 17-23. doi: 10.11648/j.ejpm.20241201.14

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    AMA Style

    Camara AY, Touré AA, Bangoura ST, Grovogui FM, Camara SC, et al. Factors Associated with Knowledge of Hypertension in Rural Guinea, 2023: Case of the Rural Commune of Maferinyah. Eur J Prev Med. 2024;12(1):17-23. doi: 10.11648/j.ejpm.20241201.14

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  • @article{10.11648/j.ejpm.20241201.14,
      author = {Alseny Yarie Camara and Almamy Amara Touré and Salifou Talassone Bangoura and Fassou Mathias Grovogui and Saidouba Cherif Camara and Sidikiba Sidibé and Djiba Diakite and Waly Diouf and Habibata Baldé and Ibrahima Barry and Diao Cisse and Sekou Sidate Sylla and Abdoulaye Touré and Alexandre Delamou and Abdoul Habib Beavogui},
      title = {Factors Associated with Knowledge of Hypertension in Rural Guinea, 2023: Case of the Rural Commune of Maferinyah},
      journal = {European Journal of Preventive Medicine},
      volume = {12},
      number = {1},
      pages = {17-23},
      doi = {10.11648/j.ejpm.20241201.14},
      url = {https://doi.org/10.11648/j.ejpm.20241201.14},
      eprint = {https://article.sciencepublishinggroup.com/pdf/10.11648.j.ejpm.20241201.14},
      abstract = {Introduction: While numerous studies have explored hypertension knowledge across Africa, they have predominantly focused on urban hospital settings and diagnosed patients. This study aimed to evaluate the determinants of hypertension knowledge in rural Guinea, a less-explored demographic. Methods: This cross-sectional study was conducted from March 01 to April 2023 within the Maferinyah sub-district and employed multivariate logistic regression to analyze the relationship between hypertension knowledge and various demographic characteristics. Results: The study included 701 individuals aged 16–65 years (mean age 38 years), with a predominance of women (68.3%) and those without formal education (62.8%). Key findings revealed that high economic status (aOR= 2.97; 95% CI: 1.91 - 4.64), age brackets of 41-50 years (aOR= 6.30; 95% CI: 3.51 - 11.5), 30-40 years (aOR= 4.74; 95% CI: 2.89 - 7.90), over 50 years (aOR= 4.13; 95% CI: 2.51 - 6.87), and unemployment (aOR= 2.60; 95% CI: 1.75 - 3.89) were significantly associated with higher hypertension awareness. Conclusion: Analysis of the collected data highlights a notable deficit in awareness of hypertension and its associated risk factors among the rural population of Guinea, underscoring the urgent need for targeted educational and awareness initiatives, especially among younger populations, to improve the understanding and management of Hypertension and other non-communicable diseases.
    },
     year = {2024}
    }
    

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  • TY  - JOUR
    T1  - Factors Associated with Knowledge of Hypertension in Rural Guinea, 2023: Case of the Rural Commune of Maferinyah
    AU  - Alseny Yarie Camara
    AU  - Almamy Amara Touré
    AU  - Salifou Talassone Bangoura
    AU  - Fassou Mathias Grovogui
    AU  - Saidouba Cherif Camara
    AU  - Sidikiba Sidibé
    AU  - Djiba Diakite
    AU  - Waly Diouf
    AU  - Habibata Baldé
    AU  - Ibrahima Barry
    AU  - Diao Cisse
    AU  - Sekou Sidate Sylla
    AU  - Abdoulaye Touré
    AU  - Alexandre Delamou
    AU  - Abdoul Habib Beavogui
    Y1  - 2024/02/29
    PY  - 2024
    N1  - https://doi.org/10.11648/j.ejpm.20241201.14
    DO  - 10.11648/j.ejpm.20241201.14
    T2  - European Journal of Preventive Medicine
    JF  - European Journal of Preventive Medicine
    JO  - European Journal of Preventive Medicine
    SP  - 17
    EP  - 23
    PB  - Science Publishing Group
    SN  - 2330-8230
    UR  - https://doi.org/10.11648/j.ejpm.20241201.14
    AB  - Introduction: While numerous studies have explored hypertension knowledge across Africa, they have predominantly focused on urban hospital settings and diagnosed patients. This study aimed to evaluate the determinants of hypertension knowledge in rural Guinea, a less-explored demographic. Methods: This cross-sectional study was conducted from March 01 to April 2023 within the Maferinyah sub-district and employed multivariate logistic regression to analyze the relationship between hypertension knowledge and various demographic characteristics. Results: The study included 701 individuals aged 16–65 years (mean age 38 years), with a predominance of women (68.3%) and those without formal education (62.8%). Key findings revealed that high economic status (aOR= 2.97; 95% CI: 1.91 - 4.64), age brackets of 41-50 years (aOR= 6.30; 95% CI: 3.51 - 11.5), 30-40 years (aOR= 4.74; 95% CI: 2.89 - 7.90), over 50 years (aOR= 4.13; 95% CI: 2.51 - 6.87), and unemployment (aOR= 2.60; 95% CI: 1.75 - 3.89) were significantly associated with higher hypertension awareness. Conclusion: Analysis of the collected data highlights a notable deficit in awareness of hypertension and its associated risk factors among the rural population of Guinea, underscoring the urgent need for targeted educational and awareness initiatives, especially among younger populations, to improve the understanding and management of Hypertension and other non-communicable diseases.
    
    VL  - 12
    IS  - 1
    ER  - 

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Author Information
  • National Center for Training and Research in Rural Health, Maferinyah, Republic of Guinea

  • National Institute of Public Health (INSP), Conakry, Republic of Guinea

  • Center for Research and Training in Infectious Diseases of Guinea (CERFIG), Conakry, Republic of Guinea; Faculty of Health Sciences and Techniques, Gamal Abdel Nasser University, Conakry, Republic of Guinea

  • Faculty of Health Sciences and Techniques, Gamal Abdel Nasser University, Conakry, Republic of Guinea; African Center of Excellence for the Prevention and Control of Communicable Diseases (CEA-PCMT), Université Gamal Abdel Nasser de Conakry, Conakry, Republic of Guinea

  • Center for Research and Training in Infectious Diseases of Guinea (CERFIG), Conakry, Republic of Guinea

  • Faculty of Health Sciences and Techniques, Gamal Abdel Nasser University, Conakry, Republic of Guinea; African Center of Excellence for the Prevention and Control of Communicable Diseases (CEA-PCMT), Université Gamal Abdel Nasser de Conakry, Conakry, Republic of Guinea

  • African Center of Excellence for the Prevention and Control of Communicable Diseases (CEA-PCMT), Université Gamal Abdel Nasser de Conakry, Conakry, Republic of Guinea

  • Sociology, Anthropology and Psychology Laboratory, Cheikh Anta Diop University, Dakar, Senegal

  • African Center of Excellence for the Prevention and Control of Communicable Diseases (CEA-PCMT), Université Gamal Abdel Nasser de Conakry, Conakry, Republic of Guinea

  • National Center for Training and Research in Rural Health, Maferinyah, Republic of Guinea

  • Doctors Without Borders, Operational Center Belgium (OCB), Conakry, Guinea

  • Ministry of Health and Public Hygiene, Prefectural Health Directorate, Dalaba, Republic of Guinea

  • Center for Research and Training in Infectious Diseases of Guinea (CERFIG), Conakry, Republic of Guinea; Faculty of Health Sciences and Techniques, Gamal Abdel Nasser University, Conakry, Republic of Guinea

  • Faculty of Health Sciences and Techniques, Gamal Abdel Nasser University, Conakry, Republic of Guinea; African Center of Excellence for the Prevention and Control of Communicable Diseases (CEA-PCMT), Université Gamal Abdel Nasser de Conakry, Conakry, Republic of Guinea

  • National Center for Training and Research in Rural Health, Maferinyah, Republic of Guinea; Faculty of Health Sciences and Techniques, Gamal Abdel Nasser University, Conakry, Republic of Guinea

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