American Journal of Polymer Science and Technology

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Study on the Morphological and Mechanical Properties of Polyvinyl Chloride Reinforced with Snail Shells

Received: 27 August 2023    Accepted: 12 September 2023    Published: 8 October 2023
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Abstract

In this work, the authors melt blending method fabrication of the composites. The physico-chemical, morphological and mechanical properties of the composites were investigated. The test results showed that, there was an improvement at all level. The optimal impact strength and tensile strength of the studied composite were 3441.79 MPa and 6.021 MPa. The flexural strengt was noted to improve from 11.92 MPa to 16.79 MPa. The incorporation of Snail shells to PVC blends decreased the density from 1.34 gcm-1 to 1.18 gcm-1 while water intake was noted to decrease from 0.18% to 0.12%. The FTIR revealed OH, which is an indication of the material hydrophobic nature. The stretching vibration of aliphatic C-H in the PVC structure was at 2918.5 and 2855.1 cm−1 in the control PVC blends corresponds with. The C=C bond of aromatic functional group at; 1602.8 cm-1 in the composites. The FTIR examination of the control PVC had absorption band at 1423.8 cm−1 corresponding to –CH2 of methylene group. The absorption band 1453.7 cm−1 corresponds with –CH2. It can also be observed that, the control PVC blend showed no absorption band that corresponds with –CH3. This is due to absence of a methyl group in the structure of polyvinyl chloride. The absorption band noticed in all the samples is that of absorption peaks of 697.0 and 752.9 cm-1 which corresponds to C-Cl bond which represents a chloride functional group in PVC. The SEM analysis showed that, the Snail Shell were uniformly dispersed in the polymer blends and, explained the improved mechanical properties observed in the study.

DOI 10.11648/j.ajpst.20230904.11
Published in American Journal of Polymer Science and Technology (Volume 9, Issue 4, December 2023)
Page(s) 45-54
Creative Commons

This is an Open Access article, distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/), which permits unrestricted use, distribution and reproduction in any medium or format, provided the original work is properly cited.

Copyright

Copyright © The Author(s), 2024. Published by Science Publishing Group

Keywords

Polyvinyl Chloride, Polystyrene, Polypropylene, Snail Shells, Mechanical Properties

References
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  • APA Style

    Levi Dooga, Casimir Emmanuel Gimba, Hamza Abba, Abdulrahman Musa. (2023). Study on the Morphological and Mechanical Properties of Polyvinyl Chloride Reinforced with Snail Shells. American Journal of Polymer Science and Technology, 9(4), 45-54. https://doi.org/10.11648/j.ajpst.20230904.11

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    ACS Style

    Levi Dooga; Casimir Emmanuel Gimba; Hamza Abba; Abdulrahman Musa. Study on the Morphological and Mechanical Properties of Polyvinyl Chloride Reinforced with Snail Shells. Am. J. Polym. Sci. Technol. 2023, 9(4), 45-54. doi: 10.11648/j.ajpst.20230904.11

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    AMA Style

    Levi Dooga, Casimir Emmanuel Gimba, Hamza Abba, Abdulrahman Musa. Study on the Morphological and Mechanical Properties of Polyvinyl Chloride Reinforced with Snail Shells. Am J Polym Sci Technol. 2023;9(4):45-54. doi: 10.11648/j.ajpst.20230904.11

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  • @article{10.11648/j.ajpst.20230904.11,
      author = {Levi Dooga and Casimir Emmanuel Gimba and Hamza Abba and Abdulrahman Musa},
      title = {Study on the Morphological and Mechanical Properties of Polyvinyl Chloride Reinforced with Snail Shells},
      journal = {American Journal of Polymer Science and Technology},
      volume = {9},
      number = {4},
      pages = {45-54},
      doi = {10.11648/j.ajpst.20230904.11},
      url = {https://doi.org/10.11648/j.ajpst.20230904.11},
      eprint = {https://article.sciencepublishinggroup.com/pdf/10.11648.j.ajpst.20230904.11},
      abstract = {In this work, the authors melt blending method fabrication of the composites. The physico-chemical, morphological and mechanical properties of the composites were investigated. The test results showed that, there was an improvement at all level. The optimal impact strength and tensile strength of the studied composite were 3441.79 MPa and 6.021 MPa. The flexural strengt was noted to improve from 11.92 MPa to 16.79 MPa. The incorporation of Snail shells to PVC blends decreased the density from 1.34 gcm-1 to 1.18 gcm-1 while water intake was noted to decrease from 0.18% to 0.12%. The FTIR revealed OH, which is an indication of the material hydrophobic nature. The stretching vibration of aliphatic C-H in the PVC structure was at 2918.5 and 2855.1 cm−1 in the control PVC blends corresponds with. The C=C bond of aromatic functional group at; 1602.8 cm-1 in the composites. The FTIR examination of the control PVC had absorption band at 1423.8 cm−1 corresponding to –CH2 of methylene group. The absorption band 1453.7 cm−1 corresponds with –CH2. It can also be observed that, the control PVC blend showed no absorption band that corresponds with –CH3. This is due to absence of a methyl group in the structure of polyvinyl chloride. The absorption band noticed in all the samples is that of absorption peaks of 697.0 and 752.9 cm-1 which corresponds to C-Cl bond which represents a chloride functional group in PVC. The SEM analysis showed that, the Snail Shell were uniformly dispersed in the polymer blends and, explained the improved mechanical properties observed in the study.},
     year = {2023}
    }
    

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  • TY  - JOUR
    T1  - Study on the Morphological and Mechanical Properties of Polyvinyl Chloride Reinforced with Snail Shells
    AU  - Levi Dooga
    AU  - Casimir Emmanuel Gimba
    AU  - Hamza Abba
    AU  - Abdulrahman Musa
    Y1  - 2023/10/08
    PY  - 2023
    N1  - https://doi.org/10.11648/j.ajpst.20230904.11
    DO  - 10.11648/j.ajpst.20230904.11
    T2  - American Journal of Polymer Science and Technology
    JF  - American Journal of Polymer Science and Technology
    JO  - American Journal of Polymer Science and Technology
    SP  - 45
    EP  - 54
    PB  - Science Publishing Group
    SN  - 2575-5986
    UR  - https://doi.org/10.11648/j.ajpst.20230904.11
    AB  - In this work, the authors melt blending method fabrication of the composites. The physico-chemical, morphological and mechanical properties of the composites were investigated. The test results showed that, there was an improvement at all level. The optimal impact strength and tensile strength of the studied composite were 3441.79 MPa and 6.021 MPa. The flexural strengt was noted to improve from 11.92 MPa to 16.79 MPa. The incorporation of Snail shells to PVC blends decreased the density from 1.34 gcm-1 to 1.18 gcm-1 while water intake was noted to decrease from 0.18% to 0.12%. The FTIR revealed OH, which is an indication of the material hydrophobic nature. The stretching vibration of aliphatic C-H in the PVC structure was at 2918.5 and 2855.1 cm−1 in the control PVC blends corresponds with. The C=C bond of aromatic functional group at; 1602.8 cm-1 in the composites. The FTIR examination of the control PVC had absorption band at 1423.8 cm−1 corresponding to –CH2 of methylene group. The absorption band 1453.7 cm−1 corresponds with –CH2. It can also be observed that, the control PVC blend showed no absorption band that corresponds with –CH3. This is due to absence of a methyl group in the structure of polyvinyl chloride. The absorption band noticed in all the samples is that of absorption peaks of 697.0 and 752.9 cm-1 which corresponds to C-Cl bond which represents a chloride functional group in PVC. The SEM analysis showed that, the Snail Shell were uniformly dispersed in the polymer blends and, explained the improved mechanical properties observed in the study.
    VL  - 9
    IS  - 4
    ER  - 

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Author Information
  • Department of Chemistry, Benue State University, Makurdi, Nigeria

  • Department of Chemistry, Ahmadu Bello University, Zaria, Nigeria

  • Department of Chemistry, Ahmadu Bello University, Zaria, Nigeria

  • Department of Chemistry, Ahmadu Bello University, Zaria, Nigeria

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