American Journal of Laboratory Medicine

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Care Seeking Behaviour and Hygiene Practices Among Mothers of 6-23 Month Children Old in Lafia Local Government Area, Nasarawa State, Nigeria

Received: Jul. 15, 2023    Accepted: Aug. 04, 2023    Published: Sep. 08, 2023
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Abstract

Under-5 mortality of children remains a substantial public health challenge in sub-Saharan Africa, including Nigeria. Unfortunately, some of these childhood diseases (diarrhea, pneumonia and malaria) and deaths are preventable through provision of affordable and cost-effective interventions. The study was health facility-based cross-sectional study conducted from February to July 2021 in four Primary Health Centers in Lafia Local Government Area Nasarawa state. Two hundred randomly selected mothers with children aged 6-23 months were included in the study. Structured questionnaires were developed to assess care seeking behaviours, hygiene and feeding practices among the mothers. Data was analyzed using an SPSS version 21.0 statistical software. The level of statistical significance was set at p<0.05. The majority (46%) of mothers were aged between 20-29years, 32% were civil servants, 45% had secondary education, The results shows that the main (78%) source of water was borehole, 82% stores water in plastics, 78%, 44% uses traditional pit toilet and refuse bin for waste disposal respectively. Furthermore, the study shows 80% of mothers practiced good handwashing. Two-third (60%) of the mothers always boiled water before drinking, 75% sometimes used cup or spoon for feeding babies while 42% always sterilized feeding bottles. Majority (78%) of the mothers seek care at hospital/clinic, 90% attended antenatal clinic, 48% delivered at home/TBA, 74% uses insecticides Treated Net (ITN). Out of the 45 mothers who did not use ITN, majority (96.2%) indicated it was not available. More than two-third mothers continued breastfeeding during child illness while 66% stopped continued complementary feeding. This study determined the care seeking behavior and hygiene practice of mothers with children 6-23months. Care-seeking and hygienic behavior was good among the mothers with most having appropriate behavior. Measures should be taken to help promote awareness among those who did not have appropriate treatment seeking behavior.

DOI 10.11648/j.ajlm.20230804.11
Published in American Journal of Laboratory Medicine ( Volume 8, Issue 4, July 2023 )
Page(s) 51-57
Creative Commons

This is an Open Access article, distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/), which permits unrestricted use, distribution and reproduction in any medium or format, provided the original work is properly cited.

Copyright

Copyright © The Author(s), 2024. Published by Science Publishing Group

Keywords

Mortality, Illness, Careseeking, Hygiene, Feeding

References
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[3] Ezeh OK, Odumegwu AO, Oforkansi GH, Abada UD, Ogbo FA, Goson PC, Ishaya T, Agho KE. Trends and Factors Associated with Under-5 Mortality in Northwest Nigeria (2008–2018). Annals of Global Health. 2022; 88 (1): 51, 1–12. DOI: https://doi. org/10.5334/aogh.3564.
[4] Haresh C and Jyotsna P. (2015): Healthcare-Seeking Behaviors of Mothers regarding their Children in a Tribal Community of Gujarat, India. Electronic Physician. 7, (1). 990-997, DOI: 10.14661/2015.990- 997. (ISSN: 2008-5842).
[5] Bryce J, Boschi-Pinto C, Shibuya K, Black RE (2005) WHO Child Health Epidemiology Reference Group. WHO estimates of the causes of death in children. Lancet; 365: 1147-1152.
[6] Ukegbu AU, benebe EU, and Ukegbu PO (2010). Breastfeeding pattern, anthropometry and health status of infants attending child welfare clinics of a teaching hospital in Nigeria. South Africa Journal Clinical Nutrition. 23 (4): 191-196.
[7] Wambui WM, Kimani S, Odhiambo E. (2018). Determinants of health seeking behaviour among caregivers of infants admitted with acute childhood illnesses at Kenyatta National Hospital, Nairobi, Kenya. Int J Pediatric.; 2018: 1–12.
[8] Abegaz NT, Berhe H, Gebretekle GB. (2019). Mothers/caregivers healthcare seeking behavior towards childhood illness in selected health centers in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia: a facility-based cross-sectional study. BMC Pediatric.; 19: 220.
[9] Simieneh MM, Mengistu MY, Gelagay AA, Gebeyehu MT 2019). Mothers’ health care seeking behavior and associated factors for common childhood illnesses, Northwest Ethiopia: community based cross-sectional study. BMC Health Serv Res.; 19: 59.
[10] Adedokun ST and Yaya S (2020). Factors influencing mothers’ health care seeking behaviour for their children: evidence from 31 countries in sub-Saharan Africa. BMC Health Services Research. 20: 842 1-9. https://doi.org/10.1186/s12913-020-05683-8.
[11] WHO. (2021). WHO Caring for Newborns and Children in the Community https://www.who.int/maternal_child_adolescent/documents/caring-for-the-sick-child/en/.
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[13] 1ntaji M I, Oyibo P G, Bamidele J O (2014). Food Hygiene Practices of Mothers of Under-Fives and Prevalence Of Diarrhoea In Their Children In Oghara, Delta State. Journal of Biomedical Sciences, 13 (2); 134-145.
[14] WHO. (1998). Breastfeeding and replacement feeding practices in the context of mother-to-child transmission of HIV: an assessment tool for research. WHO/CAH/01.21. WHO Geneva, 1998. Available from http://www.who.int/child-adolescent-health/new./tool- breast feeding.ht
[15] Awogbenja, MD, Ndife J. (20120. Evaluation of infant feeding and care practices among mothers in Nasarawa Eggon local government area of Nasarawa State. Indian Journal of Scientific Research 2012; 3: 21.
[16] Awogbenja MD, Osabo PO, Ojo CA, and Monday G (2022). Mothers’ Feeding Practice and Nutritional Status of Infants in Selected Primary Health Care Center of Paikoro Local Government Area, Niger State, Nigeria. Nur Primary Care. 6 (6): 1-8.
[17] Nigerian Demographic and Health Survey [NDHS] (2018). National Population Commission. Federal Republic of Nigeria; 2018.
[18] Chiang (1989). Lactation project. Breastfeeding practices in the developing world. International Journal of Gynaecology and Obstetrics. 30 (Suppl 1): 129–32.
[19] Onuoha N, Ene-Obong HN (2005). Exclusive breastfeeding: mother’s experience, attitude and effect on child’s health in Nsukka Urban, Nigeria. Nigerian Journal Nutrition Sciences 26 (1): 34–42.
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  • APA Style

    Makajuola Dehinde Awogbenja, Olumuyiwa James Jayeoba, Eunice Adigizi. (2023). Care Seeking Behaviour and Hygiene Practices Among Mothers of 6-23 Month Children Old in Lafia Local Government Area, Nasarawa State, Nigeria. American Journal of Laboratory Medicine, 8(4), 51-57. https://doi.org/10.11648/j.ajlm.20230804.11

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    ACS Style

    Makajuola Dehinde Awogbenja; Olumuyiwa James Jayeoba; Eunice Adigizi. Care Seeking Behaviour and Hygiene Practices Among Mothers of 6-23 Month Children Old in Lafia Local Government Area, Nasarawa State, Nigeria. Am. J. Lab. Med. 2023, 8(4), 51-57. doi: 10.11648/j.ajlm.20230804.11

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    AMA Style

    Makajuola Dehinde Awogbenja, Olumuyiwa James Jayeoba, Eunice Adigizi. Care Seeking Behaviour and Hygiene Practices Among Mothers of 6-23 Month Children Old in Lafia Local Government Area, Nasarawa State, Nigeria. Am J Lab Med. 2023;8(4):51-57. doi: 10.11648/j.ajlm.20230804.11

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  • @article{10.11648/j.ajlm.20230804.11,
      author = {Makajuola Dehinde Awogbenja and Olumuyiwa James Jayeoba and Eunice Adigizi},
      title = {Care Seeking Behaviour and Hygiene Practices Among Mothers of 6-23 Month Children Old in Lafia Local Government Area, Nasarawa State, Nigeria},
      journal = {American Journal of Laboratory Medicine},
      volume = {8},
      number = {4},
      pages = {51-57},
      doi = {10.11648/j.ajlm.20230804.11},
      url = {https://doi.org/10.11648/j.ajlm.20230804.11},
      eprint = {https://download.sciencepg.com/pdf/10.11648.j.ajlm.20230804.11},
      abstract = {Under-5 mortality of children remains a substantial public health challenge in sub-Saharan Africa, including Nigeria. Unfortunately, some of these childhood diseases (diarrhea, pneumonia and malaria) and deaths are preventable through provision of affordable and cost-effective interventions. The study was health facility-based cross-sectional study conducted from February to July 2021 in four Primary Health Centers in Lafia Local Government Area Nasarawa state. Two hundred randomly selected mothers with children aged 6-23 months were included in the study. Structured questionnaires were developed to assess care seeking behaviours, hygiene and feeding practices among the mothers. Data was analyzed using an SPSS version 21.0 statistical software. The level of statistical significance was set at p<0.05. The majority (46%) of mothers were aged between 20-29years, 32% were civil servants, 45% had secondary education, The results shows that the main (78%) source of water was borehole, 82% stores water in plastics, 78%, 44% uses traditional pit toilet and refuse bin for waste disposal respectively. Furthermore, the study shows 80% of mothers practiced good handwashing. Two-third (60%) of the mothers always boiled water before drinking, 75% sometimes used cup or spoon for feeding babies while 42% always sterilized feeding bottles. Majority (78%) of the mothers seek care at hospital/clinic, 90% attended antenatal clinic, 48% delivered at home/TBA, 74% uses insecticides Treated Net (ITN). Out of the 45 mothers who did not use ITN, majority (96.2%) indicated it was not available. More than two-third mothers continued breastfeeding during child illness while 66% stopped continued complementary feeding. This study determined the care seeking behavior and hygiene practice of mothers with children 6-23months. Care-seeking and hygienic behavior was good among the mothers with most having appropriate behavior. Measures should be taken to help promote awareness among those who did not have appropriate treatment seeking behavior.},
     year = {2023}
    }
    

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  • TY  - JOUR
    T1  - Care Seeking Behaviour and Hygiene Practices Among Mothers of 6-23 Month Children Old in Lafia Local Government Area, Nasarawa State, Nigeria
    AU  - Makajuola Dehinde Awogbenja
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    JF  - American Journal of Laboratory Medicine
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    AB  - Under-5 mortality of children remains a substantial public health challenge in sub-Saharan Africa, including Nigeria. Unfortunately, some of these childhood diseases (diarrhea, pneumonia and malaria) and deaths are preventable through provision of affordable and cost-effective interventions. The study was health facility-based cross-sectional study conducted from February to July 2021 in four Primary Health Centers in Lafia Local Government Area Nasarawa state. Two hundred randomly selected mothers with children aged 6-23 months were included in the study. Structured questionnaires were developed to assess care seeking behaviours, hygiene and feeding practices among the mothers. Data was analyzed using an SPSS version 21.0 statistical software. The level of statistical significance was set at p<0.05. The majority (46%) of mothers were aged between 20-29years, 32% were civil servants, 45% had secondary education, The results shows that the main (78%) source of water was borehole, 82% stores water in plastics, 78%, 44% uses traditional pit toilet and refuse bin for waste disposal respectively. Furthermore, the study shows 80% of mothers practiced good handwashing. Two-third (60%) of the mothers always boiled water before drinking, 75% sometimes used cup or spoon for feeding babies while 42% always sterilized feeding bottles. Majority (78%) of the mothers seek care at hospital/clinic, 90% attended antenatal clinic, 48% delivered at home/TBA, 74% uses insecticides Treated Net (ITN). Out of the 45 mothers who did not use ITN, majority (96.2%) indicated it was not available. More than two-third mothers continued breastfeeding during child illness while 66% stopped continued complementary feeding. This study determined the care seeking behavior and hygiene practice of mothers with children 6-23months. Care-seeking and hygienic behavior was good among the mothers with most having appropriate behavior. Measures should be taken to help promote awareness among those who did not have appropriate treatment seeking behavior.
    VL  - 8
    IS  - 4
    ER  - 

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Author Information
  • Department of Nutrition and Dietetics, Faculty of Agriculture, Nasarawa State University, Keffi, Nigeria

  • Department of Agronomy, Faculty of Agriculture, Nasarawa State University, Keffi, Nigeria

  • Department of Home Science and Management, Faculty of Agriculture, Nasarawa State University, Keffi, Nigeria

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