Applied Engineering

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The Construction of Reservoir Model for Dirty Water and Rainwater in Various Types of Houses in Groundwater Conservation During COVID 19 Pandemic

Received: Dec. 07, 2020    Accepted: Dec. 14, 2020    Published: Dec. 25, 2020
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Abstract

This research aims to find: (a) the construction models, (b) constituent materials, (c) strategic locations, (d) supporting and inhibiting factors for the application of reservoir model for dirty water and rainwater that function as groundwater conservation and overcome the Corona Virus., in a large type of house. This research is classified as a survey research, located in Makassar, Bone, Soppeng, Sidrap, and Wajo Regencies. Respondents of each location were 75 people selected by purposive sampling method. The research variables are: construction model, constituent materials, strategic location, supporting and inhibiting factors for the application of the construction model of reservoir for dirty water and rainwater, which functions as ground water conservation and overcome the Corona Virus in a large-type of house. The analysis used in this research is descriptive. The results of the research showed that: (1) It was found six prototypes of the construction model of the reservoir for dirty water, and rainwater which functions as groundwater conservation and overcome the Corona Virus for large-type of the houses, namely: (a) single model, size 1.2 m x 3 m; 1.2 m x 2.5 m; and 1.2 m x 2 m; (b) double model, size 1.2 m x 2.5 m-1.2 m x 2.5 m; 1.2 m x 2 m-1, 2 m x 2 m; and (c) a triple model: size 1, 2 m x 1, 2 m - 2 m x 1, 2 m - 1, 2 m x 1, 2 m of 2.5 m in depth; (2) construction constituent materials are: red stone, sand, cement, concrete sand, gravel, and iron concrete; (3) strategic location for construction is in front of the yard, or side, and / or backyard of the house; and (4) the supporting factors for the application of the reservoir construction model are people who have knowledge of environmental sanitation, the environment, groundwater conservation, overcome the Corona Virus, and care for the environment. The inhibiting factors are people who do not care about the environment.

DOI 10.11648/j.ae.20200402.16
Published in Applied Engineering ( Volume 4, Issue 2, December 2020 )
Page(s) 63-67
Creative Commons

This is an Open Access article, distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/), which permits unrestricted use, distribution and reproduction in any medium or format, provided the original work is properly cited.

Copyright

Copyright © The Author(s), 2024. Published by Science Publishing Group

Keywords

Construction Model, Reservoir, Dirty Water and Rainwater, Corona Virus, Conservation

References
[1] Muhammad Ardi, Bakhrani A. Rauf, dan Mithen. Desain Rumah Tinggal Berbasis Kearifan lokal Suku Bugis Yang Berwawasan Lingkungan. Makassar: Badan Penerbit UNM. 2017.
[2] Undang-Undang R. I. Nomor 32 Tahun 2009 Tentang Perlindungan dan Pengelolaan Lingkungan Hidup.
[3] Trainer, Ted. The Radical Implication of a Zero Growth Economy 1 2011. (http://rwer.wordpress.com/2011/09/06/rwer-issue-57-Trainer/, diakses 15September 2018).
[4] Undang-Undang R. I. No. 4 Tahun 1992 Tentang Perumahan dan Permukiman.
[5] Muhammad Ardi, Mithen, Bakhrani A. Rauf, dan Faizal Amir. Desain Tampak Rumah Tinggal Berbasis Kearifan Lokal Suku Bugis Yang Berwawasan Lingkungan. Makassar: Badan Penerbit UNM. 2018.
[6] Wikipedia Online. 2019. https://id.wikipedia.org/wiki/Special:Search?search= rumah+ tinggal&go=Go&ns0=1. Diakses 19 April 2019.
[7] Nurhasan, Indrawati dan Riza Zahrul Islam. “Pendekatan DesainRumah Sederhana Sehat (rs sehat) dan LingkungannyaBerdasarkan Arsitektur Islam.” Laporan Penelitian. Solo: Universitas Muhamadiyah Solo. 2010.
[8] Notoatmodjo, S.. Promosi Kesehatan dan Ilmu Perilaku. Jakarta: Rineka Cipta. 2010.
[9] Entjang, I.. Ilmu Kesehatan Lingkungan Masyarakat. Jakarta: Cipta Aditya Bhakti. 2009.
[10] Bakhrani A. Rauf, Muhammad Ardi, dan Faizal Amir. Model Jamban Keluarga untuk Masyarakat Ekonomi Lemah pada Wilayah Dataran Rendah yang Aman terhadap Lingkungan. Makassar: Badan Penerbit UNM. 2018.
[11] Rauf, Rusdin. Sanitasi dan HACCP. Yogyakarta: Graha Ilmu. 2013.
[12] Ahmadi. Psikologi Sosial. Jakarta: Rineka Cipta. 2012.
[13] Adnani. Ilmu Kesehatan Masyarakat. Cetakan 1. Yogyakarta: Nuha Medika. 2011.
[14] Mesaki, Simeon; and Malipula, Mrisho. 2011. “Julius Nyerere’s influence and legacy: From a Proponent of familyhood to a candidate for sainthood”. International journal of Sociology and Antropology. Vol. 3 (3) pp. 093-100, March 2011. Available online https://academicjournals.org/journal/IJSA/article-abstract/7DBC2502079, doi.org/10.5897/IJSA.9000053.
[15] Bruntland, G. H. “World Commission on Environment andDevelopment”, dalam “Our Common Future”, Oxford: Oxford UniversityPress. 1987.
[16] Undang-Undang R I. Nomor 18 Tahun 2008 Tentang Pengelolaan Sampah.
[17] Suhartono, E. Identifikasi kualitas perairan pantai akibat limbah domestik pada monsun timur dengan metode indeks pencemaran (Studi kasus di Jakarta, Semarang, dan Jepara). Jurnal Wahana TEKNIK SIPIL. Volume 14, No. 1, hal. 51-62. 2009. https://ojs.unud.ac.id/index.php/jits/issue/archive.
[18] Eddy. Karakteristik Limbah Cair. Jurnal Ilmiah Teknik Lingkungan, Vol. 2, No. 2, p. 20. 2008.
[19] Agung. Pengolahan Limbah Cair Industri Tahu dengan MetodeElektro-koagulasi. (https://core.ac.uk/download/files/379/11735109.pdf, diakses 12 Maret 2019). 2012.
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  • APA Style

    Muhammad Ardi, Faizal Amir, Bakhrani Abdul Rauf, Mithen Lullulangi, Anas Arfandi, et al. (2020). The Construction of Reservoir Model for Dirty Water and Rainwater in Various Types of Houses in Groundwater Conservation During COVID 19 Pandemic. Applied Engineering, 4(2), 63-67. https://doi.org/10.11648/j.ae.20200402.16

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    ACS Style

    Muhammad Ardi; Faizal Amir; Bakhrani Abdul Rauf; Mithen Lullulangi; Anas Arfandi, et al. The Construction of Reservoir Model for Dirty Water and Rainwater in Various Types of Houses in Groundwater Conservation During COVID 19 Pandemic. Appl. Eng. 2020, 4(2), 63-67. doi: 10.11648/j.ae.20200402.16

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    AMA Style

    Muhammad Ardi, Faizal Amir, Bakhrani Abdul Rauf, Mithen Lullulangi, Anas Arfandi, et al. The Construction of Reservoir Model for Dirty Water and Rainwater in Various Types of Houses in Groundwater Conservation During COVID 19 Pandemic. Appl Eng. 2020;4(2):63-67. doi: 10.11648/j.ae.20200402.16

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  • @article{10.11648/j.ae.20200402.16,
      author = {Muhammad Ardi and Faizal Amir and Bakhrani Abdul Rauf and Mithen Lullulangi and Anas Arfandi and Alimudin Sa'ban Miru},
      title = {The Construction of Reservoir Model for Dirty Water and Rainwater in Various Types of Houses in Groundwater Conservation During COVID 19 Pandemic},
      journal = {Applied Engineering},
      volume = {4},
      number = {2},
      pages = {63-67},
      doi = {10.11648/j.ae.20200402.16},
      url = {https://doi.org/10.11648/j.ae.20200402.16},
      eprint = {https://download.sciencepg.com/pdf/10.11648.j.ae.20200402.16},
      abstract = {This research aims to find: (a) the construction models, (b) constituent materials, (c) strategic locations, (d) supporting and inhibiting factors for the application of reservoir model for dirty water and rainwater that function as groundwater conservation and overcome the Corona Virus., in a large type of house. This research is classified as a survey research, located in Makassar, Bone, Soppeng, Sidrap, and Wajo Regencies. Respondents of each location were 75 people selected by purposive sampling method. The research variables are: construction model, constituent materials, strategic location, supporting and inhibiting factors for the application of the construction model of reservoir for dirty water and rainwater, which functions as ground water conservation and overcome the Corona Virus in a large-type of house. The analysis used in this research is descriptive. The results of the research showed that: (1) It was found six prototypes of the construction model of the reservoir for dirty water, and rainwater which functions as groundwater conservation and overcome the Corona Virus for large-type of the houses, namely: (a) single model, size 1.2 m x 3 m; 1.2 m x 2.5 m; and 1.2 m x 2 m; (b) double model, size 1.2 m x 2.5 m-1.2 m x 2.5 m; 1.2 m x 2 m-1, 2 m x 2 m; and (c) a triple model: size 1, 2 m x 1, 2 m - 2 m x 1, 2 m - 1, 2 m x 1, 2 m of 2.5 m in depth; (2) construction constituent materials are: red stone, sand, cement, concrete sand, gravel, and iron concrete; (3) strategic location for construction is in front of the yard, or side, and / or backyard of the house; and (4) the supporting factors for the application of the reservoir construction model are people who have knowledge of environmental sanitation, the environment, groundwater conservation, overcome the Corona Virus, and care for the environment. The inhibiting factors are people who do not care about the environment.},
     year = {2020}
    }
    

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  • TY  - JOUR
    T1  - The Construction of Reservoir Model for Dirty Water and Rainwater in Various Types of Houses in Groundwater Conservation During COVID 19 Pandemic
    AU  - Muhammad Ardi
    AU  - Faizal Amir
    AU  - Bakhrani Abdul Rauf
    AU  - Mithen Lullulangi
    AU  - Anas Arfandi
    AU  - Alimudin Sa'ban Miru
    Y1  - 2020/12/25
    PY  - 2020
    N1  - https://doi.org/10.11648/j.ae.20200402.16
    DO  - 10.11648/j.ae.20200402.16
    T2  - Applied Engineering
    JF  - Applied Engineering
    JO  - Applied Engineering
    SP  - 63
    EP  - 67
    PB  - Science Publishing Group
    SN  - 2994-7456
    UR  - https://doi.org/10.11648/j.ae.20200402.16
    AB  - This research aims to find: (a) the construction models, (b) constituent materials, (c) strategic locations, (d) supporting and inhibiting factors for the application of reservoir model for dirty water and rainwater that function as groundwater conservation and overcome the Corona Virus., in a large type of house. This research is classified as a survey research, located in Makassar, Bone, Soppeng, Sidrap, and Wajo Regencies. Respondents of each location were 75 people selected by purposive sampling method. The research variables are: construction model, constituent materials, strategic location, supporting and inhibiting factors for the application of the construction model of reservoir for dirty water and rainwater, which functions as ground water conservation and overcome the Corona Virus in a large-type of house. The analysis used in this research is descriptive. The results of the research showed that: (1) It was found six prototypes of the construction model of the reservoir for dirty water, and rainwater which functions as groundwater conservation and overcome the Corona Virus for large-type of the houses, namely: (a) single model, size 1.2 m x 3 m; 1.2 m x 2.5 m; and 1.2 m x 2 m; (b) double model, size 1.2 m x 2.5 m-1.2 m x 2.5 m; 1.2 m x 2 m-1, 2 m x 2 m; and (c) a triple model: size 1, 2 m x 1, 2 m - 2 m x 1, 2 m - 1, 2 m x 1, 2 m of 2.5 m in depth; (2) construction constituent materials are: red stone, sand, cement, concrete sand, gravel, and iron concrete; (3) strategic location for construction is in front of the yard, or side, and / or backyard of the house; and (4) the supporting factors for the application of the reservoir construction model are people who have knowledge of environmental sanitation, the environment, groundwater conservation, overcome the Corona Virus, and care for the environment. The inhibiting factors are people who do not care about the environment.
    VL  - 4
    IS  - 2
    ER  - 

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Author Information
  • Department of Civil Engineering Education, Engineering Faculty, Universities Negeri Makassar, Indonesia

  • Department of Automotive Enginering Education, Engineering Faculty, Universities Negeri Makassar, Indonesia

  • Department of Architecture Engineering Faculty, Universities Negeri Makassar, Indonesia

  • Department of Architecture Engineering Faculty, Universities Negeri Makassar, Indonesia

  • Department of Civil Engineering Education, Engineering Faculty, Universities Negeri Makassar, Indonesia

  • Department of Electrical Engineering Education, Faculty of Engineering, Universities Negeri Makassar, Indonesia

  • Section