Modelling and Simulation to Monitor Porosity Effect on Phosphorus Deposition in a Uniform Fine Sand Formation, Sapelle, Delta State of Nigeria
International Journal of Energy and Environmental Science
Volume 2, Issue 2, March 2017, Pages: 48-55
Received: Oct. 26, 2016;
Accepted: Feb. 28, 2017;
Published: Apr. 7, 2017
Views 1587 Downloads 40
Eluozo S. N., Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, Subaka Nigeria Limited Port Harcourt, Port Harcourt, Nigeria
The paper investigate the deposition of phosphorus through the lithology of the environment, thus examine their transport processes, it also expresses the behaviour of the micronutrient in uniform coarse formation, the rate of migration was monitored in terms of the concentrations in predominant homogeneous fine sand formations, this study was found imperative because of high rate of phosphorus concentration at different predominant homogeneous depositions, such conditions were critically evaluated to determine the cause of fast deposition and migration, the derived model was generated through the developed governing equation, the developed model was simulated to produce theoretical values, the system generated several linearized migrating processes, but with different concentrations. The theoretical values were compared with experimental data for model validation, both parameters express favourable fits, the study is imperative because the uniformity of fine sand formation has generated various rate of concentration including their transport processes. Experts will definitely apply this concept to observe various rate of phosphorus concentration in soil and water environment.
Eluozo S. N.,
Modelling and Simulation to Monitor Porosity Effect on Phosphorus Deposition in a Uniform Fine Sand Formation, Sapelle, Delta State of Nigeria, International Journal of Energy and Environmental Science.
Vol. 2, No. 2,
2017, pp. 48-55.
UNESCO, 2009. The United Nations World Water Development Report 3: Water in a Changing World. World Water Assessment Programme. UNESCO Publishing, Paris. http://publishing.unesco.org/.
Hagare, P., 2012. Recycled drinking water: what Australians need to know.http://theconversation.com/recycled-drinking-water-what-australians-need-to-know-7216. Accessed 12 December 2012.
[EPA, 1998. Water recycling and reuse: the environmental benefits: Water Division Region IX - EPA 909-F-98-001. United States Environmental Protection Agency (EPA). http://www.epa.gov/region9/water/recycling/brochure.pdf. Accessed 12 December 2012.
EPA, 1999. Drinking Water and Health - What You Need to Know! EPA 816-K-99-001. United States Environmental Protection Agency (EPA), Washington, DC. http://www.epa.gov/ogwdw/dwh/dw-health.pdf. Accessed 6 July 2011.
Takizawa, S. (Ed.), 2008. Groundwater Management in Asian Cities: Technology and Policy for Sustainability, 1st ed. Springer.
Ternes, T. A., 2007. The occurrence of micopollutants in the aquatic environment: a new challenge for water management. Water Sci. Technol. 55 (12), 327–332.
Rodriguez, C., van Buynder, P., Lugg, R., Blair, P., Devine, B., Cook, A., Weinstein, P., 2009. Indirect Potable Reuse: A Sustainable Water Supply Alternative. Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 6 (3), 1174–1203.
Prüss-Üstün, A., Bos, R., Gore, F., Bartram, J., 2008. Safer water, better health: costs, benefits and sustainability of interventions to protect and promote health, Geneva, Switzerland. http://whqlibdoc.who.int/publications/2008/9789241596435_eng.pdf.
Cho, R., 2011. From Wastewater to Drinking Water. Earth Institute - Colombia University. http://blogs.ei.columbia.edu/2011/04/04/from-wastewater-to-drinking-water/.
Le-Minh, N., Khan, S. J., Drewes, J. E., Stuetz, R. M., 2010. Fate of antibiotics during municipal water recycling treatment processes. Water Res. 44 (15), 4295–4323. doi: 10.1016/j.watres.2010.06.020.
Greve, P. A., 1972. Potentially hazardous substances in surface waters: Part I. Pesticides in the River Rhine. Sci. Total Environ. 1 (2), 173–180. doi: 10.1016/0048-9697(72)90004-6.
Dawson, R., Riley, J. P., 1977. Chlorine-containing pesticides and polychlorinated biphenyls in British coastal waters. Estuar. Coast. Mar. Sci. 5 (1), 55–69. doi: 10.1016/0302-3524(77)90073-1.
El-Dib, M. A., Aly, O. A., 1977. Removal of phenylamide pesticides from drinking waters—I. Effect of chemical coagulation and oxidants. Water Res. 11 (8), 611–616. doi: 10.1016/0043-1354(77)90094-X.
Wintgens, T., Melin, T., Schäfer, A., Khan, S., Muston, M., Bixio, D., Thoeye, C., 2005. The role of membrane processes in municipal wastewater reclamation and reuse: Membranes in Drinking and Industrial Water Production. Desalination 178 (1-3), 1–11. doi: 10.1016/j.desal.2004.12.014.
Busetti, F., Linge, K. L., Heitz, A., 2009. Analysis of pharmaceuticals in indirect potable reuse systems using solid-phase extraction and liquid chromatography–tandem mass spectrometry. J. Chromatogr. A 1216 (31), 5807–5818. doi: 10.1016/j.chroma.2009.06.001.
Fatta-Kassinos, D., Kalavrouziotis, I. K., Koukoulakis, P. H., Vasquez, M. I., 2011a. The risks associated with wastewater reuse and xenobiotics in the agroecological environment. Sci. Total Environ. 409 (19), 3555–3563. doi: 10.1016/j.scitotenv.2010.03.036.
McNeil, E. E., Otson, R., Miles, W. F., Rajabalee, F. J. M., 1977. Determination of chlorinated pesticides in potable water. J. Chromatogr. A 132 (2), 277–286. doi: 10.1016/S0021-9673(00)89301-2.
Uta R K 2014 xenobiotic organic micropollutants in urban wastewaterlevels, distribution patterns and the impact of advanced treatment technologies on their presence in wastewater from different sources the department of agricultural sciences, nutritional sciences and environmental management (fachbereich 09) Justus-liebig-Universität Giessen, Germany.