Earth Sciences

Special Issue

Recent Advances in Hydrological Cycle Process: Evaporation and Precipitation

  • Submission Deadline: Oct. 20, 2020
  • Status: Submission Closed
  • Lead Guest Editor: Wang Biao
About This Special Issue
Water is the process of natural process, involving global water evaporation, atmospheric moisture transmission, surface water and groundwater circulation and various forms of water storage. Precipitation and evaporation and runoff are the hydrologic cycle the three major links, these three constitutions of water cycle way determines the global water balance. Water evaporation is one of the most important functions of produced by evaporation of water into the air and over atmospheric activities and sports. Atmospheric water vapor mainly comes from the ocean, part of that is from the mainland surface evaporation. Water vapor in the atmosphere of the cycle is evaporation-condensation-precipitation and the cyclical of evaporation process.
Evapotranspiration is an important flux term in the water cycle that integrates atmospheric demand and surface conditions, which serves as an important element of the hydrological cycle in reflecting the maximum water demand of environment to maintain water balance. Evaporation accounts for the movement of water to the air from sources such as the soil, canopy interception, and water bodies. Transpiration accounts for the movement of water within a plant and the subsequent loss of water as vapor through part of the water cycle. The evaporation is directly to the water balance and surface energy balance. Climate change not only have an impact on the hydrological cycle in both changing of precipitation and temperature and affecting the spatial and temporal changes of river runoff, but also change the ability of evaporation through different ways.
We invite contributions to this Special Issue on aspects listed in the keywords, covering recent advances and innovations in hydrological cycle process, which will direct interest to researchers and practitioners in the climate change, land surface process, water cycle and management.

Aims and Scope:

  1. Hydrological cycle
  2. Evaporation and precipitation
  3. Surface energy balance
  4. Drought
  5. Climate change
  6. Water management
Lead Guest Editor
  • Wang Biao

    Key Laboratory for Mesoscale Serve Weather of Ministry of Education, Nanjing University, Nanjing, China

Guest Editors
  • Frederick Ritter William

    Center for Energy and Environmental Policy, University of Delaware, Newark, United States

  • Zhuo Chen

    School of Environment, Tsinghua University, Beijing, China

  • Ruonan Zhang

    Department of Atmospheric and Oceanic Sciences, Fudan University, Shanghai, China

  • Tao Yang

    Department of Hydrology, College of Hydrology and Water Resources, Hohai University, Nanjing, China

  • Gang Huang

    State Key Laboratory of Numerical Modeling for Atmospheric Sciences and Geophysical Fluid Dynamics(LASG), Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing, China

  • Zhuguo Ma

    Key Laboratory of Regional Climate-Environment for Temperate East Asia (RCE-TEA), Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing, China

  • Tesfa Gebrie Andualem

    Department of Hydraulic and Water Resources Engineering, Debre Tabor University, Debre Tabor, Ethiopia

Published Articles
  • Estimation of Reference Crop Evapotranspiration in Northwest China

    Biao Wang , Xinmin Zeng , Gang Huang

    Issue: Volume 9, Issue 3, June 2020
    Pages: 89-99
    Received: Feb. 29, 2020
    Accepted: Mar. 17, 2020
    Published: May 14, 2020
    DOI: 10.11648/
    Abstract: Based on the daily meteorological data from 1956 to 2011 in Northwest (NW) China and the Penman-Monteith (PM) equation, the regional reference crop evapotranspiration (ET0) is estimated. The ET0 variations in time series and spatial distributions are analyzed. The trend analysis, Mann-Kendall (M-K) test, wavelet analysis, stepwise regression and EO... Show More