Over the past decade, the effect of global climate change on crop development emerged as a major research priority. Plant stress is a significant threat to the sustainability of crop yields, which accounts for more crop productivity losses than any other rain fed farming factor. Post-harvest losses mean surplus crops do not hit the market, impacting farming families' livelihoods, and too often these families are left with no choice but to consume contaminated food stored. These restrictions have an effect on the food security of these farming families and on the societies and countries they live in. This issue is the illustration of a strong synergistic impact of stresses, an impact unforeseen as significant as any stress applied alone. Plant yield, productivity, and food quality are highly influenced by several abiotic and biotic stresses. Agricultural stresses and related food safety problems include reliability optimization, resource quality usage, and mitigation of food production's environmental impacts. The challenges of agricultural sustainability are directly related to the social, environmental and economic factors. Biotic stress factor, which stems from interactions with other micro-organisms as well as macro-organisms, primarily involves disruption or invasion by different pests or pathogens. The abiotic stress factors include high temperatures, droughts, erosion, pollutants in the atmosphere and salinity. Under these environmental pressures, plants experience numerous physiological, genetic, and biochemical changes that have an effect on plant production and growth overall.
- Role of rhizo-bacteria, rhizo-fungi, actinobacteria and arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi in stress managements
- PGPM as a stress regulator
- Priming and regulation
- Uses of PGPM in stress regulations
- Physiological, genetic, and biochemical changes