Department of Rural Development and Agrarian Reform,
Eastern Cape Province, South Africa
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Legumes are regarded as special plants in agriculture due to their ability to fix atmospheric nitrogen. They are an important component of farming system since they have high nutritive value and able to rehabilitate nutrient depleted soil. Legumes also improve the nutritive value of the low quality native pastures grown with them. Nitrogen fixation takes place in the nodules that are small swellings on the roots of leguminous plants in association with bacteria known as rhizobia or Frankia. Rhizobia are gram-negative bacteria that fix nitrogen by forming nodules on the roots of the legume plants. Therefore, inclusion of legume plants into farming systems provide farmers with the capacity to diversify their production systems and are an integral part of strategies to intensify animal production.
Aims and Scope:
The role of legumes in farming systems
Forage legumes and climate change
The importance of biological nitrogen fixation
Factors affecting biological nitrogen fixation
Improved forage quality, quantity and improved animal performance through legume inclusion