Department of Chemistry, Rashtrasant Tukadoji Maharaj Nagpur University,
Nagpur, Maharashtra, India
Department of Chemical and Environmental Process Engineering, Budapest University of Technology and Economics,
New-materials beat hereto technology hurdles by virtue of innate advanced and unique features employed for novel applications in science and technology. Especially composites obtained from reconfigurations of skeletal matrixes appear as multi-phase matter which tender manipulated/augmented properties or new functionalities via chosen amalgamations. Hence, it’s meticulous to comprehend the interactive materials for the basic reconfiguration of their skeletal matrix to derive desired output to cater the need of S&T developments. Nano-scale material’s systematic and rational designing gets fundamental as various material scales manipulations permit to recognize characters and functionalities which are not viable via conventional methods. Material’s skeletal matrix reconfiguration is feasible through advanced bio-technology, physics, chemistry and Nano-material engineering mainly decisive to fabricate the particle, thing and device at the atomic and molecular dimensions. Such reconfiguration of material’s matrix reduces its spatial dimension/captivity within crystallographic phase usually changes its physical, mechanical, thermal, optical and electrical-electronic properties. Re-configurated material matrixes restrain three Nano-porous skeleton namely; 3D/zero dimensional (e.g., particle, grain; shell; capsule; ring; colloidal), 2D/one dimension (e.g., quasi crystal, Nano-rod; filament; tubes; quantum wire) and 1D/two dimensional (e.g., disc; platelet; ultrathin film; super lattice; quantum well). Today rational designing of smart nanomaterials obtained via flexible matrix’s skeletal reconfiguration is focused for desired applications in advancement of S&T.