Home / Journals American Journal of Agriculture and Forestry / Effect of Temperature on Life History, Protein Expression and Enzyme Activity of Predatory Mite Neoseiulus Californicus
Effect of Temperature on Life History, Protein Expression and Enzyme Activity of Predatory Mite Neoseiulus Californicus
Submission DeadlineNov. 10, 2019

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Lead Guest Editor
Maryam Mumtaz
Pir Mehr Ali Shah Arid Agriculture University Rawalpindi, Punjab, Pakistan
Guest Editors
  • Li Qing
    Department of Agricultural Entomology and Pest Control, Sichuan Agricultural University, Chengdu, Sichuan, China
  • Farid Shaheen
    Department of Entomology, Faculty of Crop and Food Sciences, Pir Mehr Ali Shah Arid Agriculture University, Rawalpindi, Pakistan
  • Muhammad Asghar Hassan
    Department of Entomology, China Agricultural University, Beijing, China
  • Muhammad Awais Aslam
    Plant Protection, Islamabad, Pakistan
  • Muhammad Mohsin
    Plant Protection, Dera Ghazi Khan, Pakistan
  • Syeda Hina Bukhari
    Department of Forest Entomology, Sichuan Agricultural University, Chengdu, Sichuan, China
Introduction
Neoseiulus californicus is a cosmopolitan predatory mite belonging to family Phytoseiidae. It has been found so far on many deciduous trees and crops in Asia, America and Europe. Most of the members of this mite feed on pollen source to maintain their population in the crop. This mite is also effective for the control of spider mite at low humidity. An excellent feature of this predatory mite is that it does not remain in the same habitat for pest control but moves between trees of apple and ground cover. N. californicus also bears high fecundity ability. Temperature is an important abiotic factor for insects. Every insect species has its own optimal temperature range. If a change in this range occurs, it causes damages to metabolic and physiological processes of insects. Sensitivity of insects to high temperature ranges causes lower geographical distribution by the insects. Tolerance against different temperature ranges varies among the different life stages, geographically distributed populations and gender of insects. Mechanisms to tolerate extreme temperature conditions are not simple and involve different biochemical molecules i.e. polyols, lipids and proteins. Molecular mechanisms to avoid temperature stress have been studies extensively on model insect i.e. Drosophila melanogaster. Among molecular mechanisms Hsps play a vital role to attain thermal tolerance regarding physiological adaptations in different ecological habitats. Antioxidant enzymes such as catalase (CAT), peroxidase (POD), glutathione S-transferases (GSTs) superoxide dismutase (SOD) not only protect the cells but also overcome the oxidative stress by maintaining homeostasis. Depending on all the scientific evidences studying the temperature effect on this mite will provide great basis for biological control program.
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Aims and Scope:
  1. Life table study under different temperature stresses
  2. Protein expression under high temperature stress
  3. Enzyme activity under moderate and high temperature
  4. Breeding habits of Neoseiulus californicus
  5. Functional verification of heat shock protein genes
  6. Consumption rate of the mite under low and high temperature stress
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