Blood Group Distribution Pattern among Adult Who Attended Federal Medical Centre, Lokoja, Kogi State, Nigeria
American Journal of Health Research
Volume 1, Issue 3, November 2013, Pages: 95-98
Received: Oct. 10, 2013;
Published: Dec. 10, 2013
Views 3884 Downloads 197
Olaniyan Olugbemi, Department of Physiology, Bingham University, Karu, Nasarawa, Nigeria
Meraiyebu Ajibola, Department of Physiology, Bingham University, Karu, Nasarawa, Nigeria
Musa Ojone, Department of Physiology, Bingham University, Karu, Nasarawa, Nigeria
Dare Joseph, Department of Physiology, Bingham University, Karu, Nasarawa, Nigeria
Atsukwei Denen, Department of Anatomy, Bingham University, Karu, Nasarawa, Nigeria
Adelaiye Alexandra, Department of Physiology, Bingham University, Karu, Nasarawa, Nigeria
Serological markers have served as important indicators for the understanding of genetic variation between and within population, providing valuable insight into the dynamics of population structure. The present study, therefore aimed at providing the percentage frequency of the ABO and Rhesus distribution pattern of adults who attended the Federal Medical Centre Lokoja, Kogi State, Nigeria for record and health planning. The study was carried out on two hundred adults (77 male and 123 female). The blood samples were taken by cubital venepuncture and analysed using the agglutination method (Dacie and Lewis 2001). Among the male population; Blood group O was the highest with the percentage frequency of 22.5 %, followed by blood group A (7.5 %), B (6.5 %) and the least percentage frequency was observed in blood group AB with 2 %. Among the female population; Blood group O, A, B AB had percentage frequency of 29 %, 11.5 %, 17.5 %, and 3.5 % respectively. The RhD distribution also varies among male population; RhD positive 87 % and RhD negative 13 %. The percentage frequency of RhD positive among the female population was 93.5 % and that of RhD negative was 6.5 %. The total percentage of RhD positive was 91 % and that of RhD negative was found to be 9 %. The ABO and RhD pattern in both the male and female population studied correlates with previous studies carried out in other part of Nigeria population: like Ogbomosho, Oyo State; Benin; Niger- Delta region and FCT, Abuja. Blood group O is the most common while Group AB present the least and rarity of RhD negative was observed in both male and female population studied.
Blood Group Distribution Pattern among Adult Who Attended Federal Medical Centre, Lokoja, Kogi State, Nigeria, American Journal of Health Research.
Vol. 1, No. 3,
2013, pp. 95-98.
Adeyemo OA, and Soboyejo OB, (2006). Frequency distribution of ABO, RH blood groups and blood genotypes among the cell biology and genetics students of University of Lagos, Nigeria African Journal of Biotechnology Vol. 5 (22), pp. 2062 2065,
Akinjide M. A, Bamidele O, Amosu M.A and Ugwa U. G, (2011). Distribution of ABO and Rh Blood Groups among Major Ethnic Groups of Medical Students of Madonna University Teaching Hospital, Elele, Nigeria. Asian Journal of Medical Sciences 3 (3): 106-109.
Bakare, A.A., Azeez M.A. and Agbolade, J.O. (2006). Gene frequencies of ABO and rhesus blood groups and haemoglobin variants in Ogbomoso, South-West Nigeria. Afr. J. Biotechnol., 5(3): 224-229.
Chihara, Y., Sugano, K., Kobayashi, A., Kanai, Y., Yamamoto, H., Nakazono, M., Fujimotom., H., Kakizoe, T., Fujimoto, K., Hirohashi, S. and Hirao, Y. (2005). Loss of blood group A antigen expression in bladder cancer caused by allelic loss and/or methylation of the ABO gene. Lab Invest. 9:158-167.
Dacie, J.V. and S.M. Lewis, 2001. Practical Haematology. In: Lewis, S.M., B.J. Bain, I. Bates, (Eds.), 9th Edn., Churchill Livingstone, Harcourt Publishers Limited, London, pp: 444-451.
Dennis, Y.M., N.M. Hylem, C. Fidler, I.L. Sargent and M.F. Murphy et al., 1998. Prenatal diagnosis of fetal RhD status by molecular analysis of maternal plasma. New Engl. J. Med., 337: 1734-1738. PMID: 9845707
Enosolease ME and Bazuaye GN (2008): Distribution of ABO and Rh-D blood groups in Benin area of the Niger Delta: Implication for Regional Blood Transfusion. Science; 2 (1): 3-5.
Falusi, A G Ademowo, O G Latunji, C A Okeke, A C Olatunji, P O Onyekwere, T O Jimmy, E O Raji, Y Hedo, C C Otukonyong, E E and Itata, E O (2000). Distribution of ABO and RH genes in Nigeria African journal of medicine and medical sciences; 29 (1): 23-6.
Idowu O, and Sade S, (2008). ABO and Rhesus ‘D’ blood type distribution in students admitted into Moshood Abiola Polytechnic, Abeokuta, Nigeria in 2006. African Journal of Biotechnology Vol. 7 (11), pp. 1641-1643.
Kulkarni AG, Peter B, Ibazebo R, Dash B, and Fleming AF, (1985). The ABO and Rhesus groups in the north of Nigeria. 79 (1):83-8.
Lester, D. (2005). Predicting suicide in nations. Suicide Res. 9: 219 – 23
Nwauche, C.A. and O.A. Ejele, (2004). ABO and Rhesus antigens in a cosmopolitan Nigeria population. Niger J. Med., 13 (3): 263-266.
Odokuma EI, Okolo AC, and Aloamaka PC, (2007). Abstract; Distribution of ABO and rhesus blood groups in Abraka, Delta State, Nigeria. 22 (1-2): 89-91.
Olaniyan OT, Meraiyebu AB, Rasong H, Dare BJ, Shafe MO and Adelaiye AB (2013): Blood Group and Rhesus Factor Pattern among indigenes of FCT, Abuja, Nigeria. Journal of Community Medicine and Health Education 3: 208.
Seeley RR, Stephens TD, and Tate P, (1998). Anatomy and Physiology. 4th edition. The McGraw Hill Companies, Inc. USA p. 1098.
Worlledge, S. Ogiemudia, S.E. Thomas, C.O. Ikoku B.N and Luzzutto, L. (1974). Blood group antigens and antibodies in Nigeria. Ann. Trop. Med. Parasitol., 68: 249-264.
Worlledge, S. Mourant, A.E., Kopec A.C. and Domaniewskasobczak, K. (1966). The Distribution of the Human Blood Groups and Other Polymorphsisms. Oxford University Press, London, pp: 117-122.
Nelson M, Ashenden M, Langshaw M et al (2002) Detection of homologous blood transfusion by flow cytometry: a deterrent against blood doping. Haematologica 87:881–882.
Nelson M, Popp H, Sharpe K et al (2003). Proof of homologous blood transfusion through quantification of blood group antigens. Haematologica 88: 1284–1295