Blood Group Distribution Pattern among Adult Who Attended Federal Medical Centre, Lokoja, Kogi State, Nigeria
American Journal of Health Research
Volume 1, Issue 3, November 2013, Pages: 95-98
Received: Oct. 10, 2013; Published: Dec. 10, 2013
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Olaniyan Olugbemi, Department of Physiology, Bingham University, Karu, Nasarawa, Nigeria
Meraiyebu Ajibola, Department of Physiology, Bingham University, Karu, Nasarawa, Nigeria
Musa Ojone, Department of Physiology, Bingham University, Karu, Nasarawa, Nigeria
Dare Joseph, Department of Physiology, Bingham University, Karu, Nasarawa, Nigeria
Atsukwei Denen, Department of Anatomy, Bingham University, Karu, Nasarawa, Nigeria
Adelaiye Alexandra, Department of Physiology, Bingham University, Karu, Nasarawa, Nigeria
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Serological markers have served as important indicators for the understanding of genetic variation between and within population, providing valuable insight into the dynamics of population structure. The present study, therefore aimed at providing the percentage frequency of the ABO and Rhesus distribution pattern of adults who attended the Federal Medical Centre Lokoja, Kogi State, Nigeria for record and health planning. The study was carried out on two hundred adults (77 male and 123 female). The blood samples were taken by cubital venepuncture and analysed using the agglutination method (Dacie and Lewis 2001). Among the male population; Blood group O was the highest with the percentage frequency of 22.5 %, followed by blood group A (7.5 %), B (6.5 %) and the least percentage frequency was observed in blood group AB with 2 %. Among the female population; Blood group O, A, B AB had percentage frequency of 29 %, 11.5 %, 17.5 %, and 3.5 % respectively. The RhD distribution also varies among male population; RhD positive 87 % and RhD negative 13 %. The percentage frequency of RhD positive among the female population was 93.5 % and that of RhD negative was 6.5 %. The total percentage of RhD positive was 91 % and that of RhD negative was found to be 9 %. The ABO and RhD pattern in both the male and female population studied correlates with previous studies carried out in other part of Nigeria population: like Ogbomosho, Oyo State; Benin; Niger- Delta region and FCT, Abuja. Blood group O is the most common while Group AB present the least and rarity of RhD negative was observed in both male and female population studied.
Blood Group, Rhesus Factor, Population, Kogi State, Nigeria
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Olaniyan Olugbemi, Meraiyebu Ajibola, Musa Ojone, Dare Joseph, Atsukwei Denen, Adelaiye Alexandra, Blood Group Distribution Pattern among Adult Who Attended Federal Medical Centre, Lokoja, Kogi State, Nigeria, American Journal of Health Research. Vol. 1, No. 3, 2013, pp. 95-98. doi: 10.11648/j.ajhr.20130103.19
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