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Differences in the System of Nitrogen Synthesis and Content of Metabolites in Antioxidant Systems of Sportsmen of Different Sex
American Journal of Biomedical and Life Sciences
Volume 2, Issue 6-1, December 2014, Pages: 19-24
Received: Oct. 28, 2014; Accepted: Nov. 29, 2014; Published: Dec. 27, 2014
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Authors
Nadezhda V. Bogdanovskaya, Zaporizhzhya National University, Department of health and physical rehabilitation, Zaporozhye, Ukraine
Anastasia V. Golubenko, Zaporizhzhya National University, Department of health and physical rehabilitation, Zaporozhye, Ukraine
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Abstract
The research has been conducted on 26 high qualification sportsmen of different sex, adapted to perform protracted physical activity of high intensity. Determined is the presence of gender differences in oxidizing and no oxidizing metabolism of L-arginine, including also the system of nitrogen oxide synthesis (oxidizing de novo and no oxidizing reutilization ways of NO synthesis), on different stages of their contention activity. On the stage of maximal functional possibilities and adaptation (beginning of contention period) for girls no oxidizing metabolism of arginine predominated with participation of arginase above oxidizing degradation of L-arginine with participation of NO-synthase. During the decline of functional possibilities (desadaptations in the middle and at the end of the competitions) the necessary level of nitrogen oxide synthesis is provided for girls mainly due to nitrogen oxide resynthesis from its stable metabolites, while for youths – due to the increase of oxidizing de novo nitrogen oxide synthesis ( as constitutive, also inducible).
Keywords
L-Arginine, NO-Synthase, Ways of Synthesis, Antioxidant System, Physical Loadings, High-Trained Sportsmen, Boys, Girls, Physical Capacity
To cite this article
Nadezhda V. Bogdanovskaya, Anastasia V. Golubenko, Differences in the System of Nitrogen Synthesis and Content of Metabolites in Antioxidant Systems of Sportsmen of Different Sex, American Journal of Biomedical and Life Sciences. Special Issue: Mechanisms of Protection Against Oxidative Stress. Vol. 2, No. 6-1, 2014, pp. 19-24. doi: 10.11648/j.ajbls.s.2014020601.14
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