Please enter verification code
Present Scenarios of Otomycosis in Rajshahi City of Bangladesh
American Journal of Biomedical and Life Sciences
Volume 8, Issue 5, October 2020, Pages: 137-142
Received: Jul. 23, 2020; Accepted: Aug. 18, 2020; Published: Sep. 10, 2020
Views 143      Downloads 51
Karishma Kabir Nipa, Institute of Biological Science, University of Rajshahi, Rajshahi, Bangladesh
AHM Mostafa Kamal, Intensive Care Unit, Rajshahi Medical College Hospital, Rajshahi, Bangladesh
Muhammad Jakir Hossain, Department of Agricultural Genetic Engineering, Nigde Omer Halisdemir University, Nigde, Turkey
Ahmed Imtiaj, Department of Botany, University of Rajshahi, Rajshahi, Bangladesh
Article Tools
Follow on us
In current study, an attempt was taken to investigate into the scenarios of otomycosis disease in Rajshahi metropolitan city of Bangladesh. There were 237 otomycosis patients found among 3875 ear patients during the studied period. Habit, habitat, life style, personal hygiene and food or nutritional status were found to be crucial factors which were largely responsible for the onset of otomycosis. Among 237 otomycosis patients, 125 and 112 sufferers were from rural and urban regions, respectively. In rural, male was more sufferer than female whereas, in urban, result was opposite to rural. Among 3 consecutive seasonal periods, the incidence of otomycosis patients was the highest in humid/rainy season (50.6%), intermediate level in winter season (35.4%) and the lowest level in dry seasons (14.0%). No significant variation was found between male (50.2%) and female (49.8%) patients for the onset of otomycosis. Age group was also potential for the onset of studied disease. The occurrences of over age (61 to above), baby (up to 10) and juvenile (11 to 20) group were 30.4%, 27.8% and 27.4%, respectively which were high. Whereas, the incidence was found to be low in early youth (5.1%) and late youth (9.3%) groups.
Associated Complications, Ear Canal, Factors, Fungal Infection, Otomycosis
To cite this article
Karishma Kabir Nipa, AHM Mostafa Kamal, Muhammad Jakir Hossain, Ahmed Imtiaj, Present Scenarios of Otomycosis in Rajshahi City of Bangladesh, American Journal of Biomedical and Life Sciences. Vol. 8, No. 5, 2020, pp. 137-142. doi: 10.11648/j.ajbls.20200805.13
Copyright © 2020 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License ( which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Aneja, KR, C Sharma and R Joshi, 2010. Fungal infection of the ear: a common problem in the north eastern part of Haryana. Int’l J. Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology, 74: 604-7.
Araiza, J, P Canseco and A Bonifaz, 2006. Otomycosis: clinical and mycological study of 97 cases. Rev Laryngol Otol Rhinol (Bord), 127: 251–4.
Beers, SL and TJ Abramo, 2004. Otitis externa review. Pediatr Emerg Care, 20: 250-6.
Carney, AS, 2008. Otitis externa and otomycosis. In: Gleeson MJj Jones NS, Clarke R, et al. (eds). Scott-Brown’s Otolaryngology, Head and Neck Surgery, vol 3, 7th edn. London: Hodder Arnold Publishers; 2008: 3351-7.
Chin, CS and M Jegathesan, 1982. Fungal isolates in otomycosis. Malays J. Pathol., 5: 45-7.
Drako, E, A Jenca, M Orencak, S Viragova and E Pilipcinec, 2004. Otomycosis of Candidal origin in eastern Slovakia. Folia Microbiol (Praha), 49: 601-4.
Fasunla, J, T Ibekwe and P Onakoya, 2007. Otomycosis in Western Nigeria. Mycoses, 51: 67-70.
Ghiacei, S, 2001. Survey of otomycosis in north-western area of Iran. Med J. Mashhad Uni Med Sci., 43: 85-7.
Ho, T, JT Vrabec, D Yoo and NJ Coker, 2006. Otomycosis: clinical features and treatment implications. Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg., 135: 787-91.
Hoog, GS and I Guarro, 1995. Atlas of clinical fungi. The Netherlands: Central bureau of Schimmel cultures.
Kaur, R, N Mittal, M Kakkar, AK Aggarwal and MD Mathur, 2000. Otomycosis: a clinicomycologic study. Ear Nose Throat J., 79: 606-9.
Loddler, J, 1971. The yeasts: a taxonomic study. 2nd edition. Amsterdam: North-Holland Publish Company.
Martin, TJ, JE Kerschner and VA Flanary, 2005. Fung al causes of otitis externa and tympanostomy tube otorrhea. Int’l J. pediatric Otorhino laryngology., 96: 1503-1508.
Mishra, GS, N Mehta and M Pal, 2005. Chronic bilateral otomycosis caused by Aspergillus niger. Mycosis, 47: 82-84.
Mofatteh, MR, ZN Yazdi, M Yousefi and MH Namaei, 2017. Comparison of the recovery rate of otomycosis using betadine and clotrima-zole topical treatment. Braz J Otorhinolaryngol.
Munguia, R and SJ Daniel, 2008. Ototopical antifungals and otomycosis: a review. Int J Pediatr Otorhinolaryngol., 72: 453-9.
Ong, Y and G Chee, 2005. Infections of the external ear. Ann Acad Med Singapore, 34: 330-4.
Ozcan, MK, M Ozcan, A Karaarslan and F Karaarslan, 2003. Otomycosis in Turkey: predisposing factors, etiologyand therapy. J. Laryngol Otol., 117: 39-42.
Pahwa, VK, PC Chamiyal and PN Suri, 1983. Mycological study in otomycosis. Indian J. Med Res., 77: 334-8.
Pardhan, B, NR Tuladhar and RM Amatya, 2003. Prevalence of otomycosis in outpatient department ofotolaryngology in Tribhuvan University Teaching Hospital, Kathmandu, Nepal. Ann OtolRhinolLaryngol., 112: 384-7.
Paulose, KO, S Al-Khalifa, P Shenoy and RK Sharma, 1989. Mycotic infection of the ear (otomycosis): a prospective study. J. Laryngol Otol., 103: 30-5.
Pontes, ZB, AD Silva, E Lima, M Guerra, N Oliviera, M Carvalho and FS Guerra, 2009. Otomycosis: a retrospective study. Braz J. Otorhinolaryngol., 75: 367-70.
Rama Kumar, K, 1984. Silent perforation of tympanic membrane and otomycosis. Indian Journal of Otolaryngology and Head and Neck Surgery, 36 (4): 161-2.
Rutt, AL and RT Sataloff, 2008. Aspergillus otomycosis in an immunocompromised patient. Ent. J., 87 (2): 622-3.
Shadzi, SH, 1988. Medical mycology, 3rd ed, Tehran, Gostaresh Farhang Press, p 337.
Singh, S, H Singh and A Kaur, 2017. Otomycosis: A Clinical and Mycological Study. Indian Journal of Basic and Applied Medical Research, 6 (2): 271-5.
Stern, JC and FE Lucente, 1988. Otomycosis. Ear Nose Throat J., 67: 804-10.
Than, KM, KS Naing and M Min, 1980. Otomycosis in Burma and its treatment. Am. J. Trop. Med. Hyg., 29 (4): 620-623.
Viswanatha, B et al. 2012. Otomycosis in immunocompetent and immunocompromised patients; comparative study and literature review, Ent. J., 91 (3): 114-21.
Yehia, MM, HM Al-Habib and NM Shehab, 1990. Otomycosis: a common problem in North Iraq. J. Laryngol. Otol., 104: 387-9.
Science Publishing Group
1 Rockefeller Plaza,
10th and 11th Floors,
New York, NY 10020
Tel: (001)347-983-5186