Harmful Effects of Mobile Phone Tower Radiations on Muscle and Bone Tissues of Human Body at Frequencies 800, 900, 1800 and 2450 MHz
American Journal of Physics and Applications
Volume 3, Issue 6, November 2015, Pages: 226-237
Received: Nov. 11, 2015;
Accepted: Nov. 22, 2015;
Published: Jan. 8, 2016
Views 3934 Downloads 127
Mushtaq Ahmed Bhat, Department of Physics, Graphic Era University, Dehradun Uttaranchal, India
Vijay Kumar, Department of Physics, Graphic Era University, Dehradun Uttaranchal, India
The transmitted waves from the mobile phone tower were exposed to the human body and were penetrated into the body where the field was reduced exponentially with depth. In this paper penetration of high frequency electromagnetic waves emitted from a mobile phone tower into human muscle and bone tissues were studied. As the reduction in field was due to absorption of power, specific absorption rate was calculated at frequencies 800,900, 1800 and 2450 MHz and effective radiated power of 20 Watts.
Mushtaq Ahmed Bhat,
Harmful Effects of Mobile Phone Tower Radiations on Muscle and Bone Tissues of Human Body at Frequencies 800, 900, 1800 and 2450 MHz, American Journal of Physics and Applications.
Vol. 3, No. 6,
2015, pp. 226-237.
Copyright © 2015 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/
) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
V. kumar, R.P. Vats and P.P. Pathak, “Biological effects of electromagnetic radiation on living tissue,” Indian Journal of Biochemistry and Biophysics, vol. 45, pp. 269- 274, 2008.
G. Gandhi and K. Pahwa, “Analysis of Electromagnetic Radiation from Base Station Antennas to Prevent Health Hazards”, International Journal of Advanced Research in Computer Science and Software Engineering, vol. 5, no. 1, pp. 526-530, 2015.
P. Gajsek, M. Ziriax M., W.D. Hurt, J.T. Walters and P.A. Mason, “Predicted SAR in Sprague dawley rat as a function of permittivity values,” Bioelectromagnetics, vol. 22, no.10, pp.384-400, 2001.
P. Gajsek, W.D. Hurt, M.S. Ziriax and P.A. Mason, “ Parametric dependence of SAR on permittivity values in a man model,” IEEE Transactions on biomedical engineering, vol. 48, no.10, pp. 1169-1177, 2001.
K.S. Nageswari, “Mobile Phone Radiation: Physiological & Pathophysiologcal Considerations” Indian J Physiol Pharmacol, vol. 59, no. 2, pp. 125-135, 2015.
L. Stefan, Ahlbom, A. Hall and F. Maria, "Long-Term Mobile Phone Use and Brain Tumor Risk", American Journal of Epidemiology, vol. 161, no. 6pp.526–35, 2005.
L. Anna, A. Anssi, R, Jani, Schoemaker, J. M. Christensen, C. Helle, F. Maria; J. Christoffer, K. Lars "Mobile phone use and risk of glioma in 5 North European countries". International Journal of Cancer, vol. 120, no.8, pp.1769–75, 2007.
Information Technology Government of India New Delhi”, 2010-2011.
Information Technology Government of India New Delhi”, 2013-2014.
Roosli, “Radiofrequency electromagnetic field exposure and non-specific symptoms of ill health,” A systematic review, Environmental Research, 2008.
ICNIRP www. icnirp. Org / documents / emfgdl.pdf, 2010.