Barrier, Mechanical and Thermal of Polyvinyl Alchol/Microcrystalline Cellouse Composites in Packaging Application
American Journal of Physics and Applications
Volume 5, Issue 4, July 2017, Pages: 46-51
Received: Apr. 20, 2017;
Accepted: Apr. 28, 2017;
Published: Jun. 28, 2017
Views 2498 Downloads 137
Nadia A. Ali, Physics Department, College of Science, University of Baghdad, Baghdad, Iraq
Seena I. Huseen, Physics Department, College of Science, University of Baghdad, Baghdad, Iraq
Harith I. Jaffer, Physics Department, College of Science, University of Baghdad, Baghdad, Iraq
In this study Polyvinyl alcohol (PVA) and (3, 5, 10%)wt microcrystalline cellulose (MCC) were prepared using a solution-casting method. The films that were produced characterized with Fourier Transform Infrared Spectrometry, Differential Scanning Calorimetric, Tensile test, and Barrier properties. The results from FTIR shows that PVA and MCC were considered miscible and compatible owing to hydrogen bonding interaction. Results for Thermal analyses increased in the glass transition temperature (Tg) thermal stability of polyvinyl alchol. Tensile strength of the films were increased with the increased loading of MCC to a composites films. Water vapor permeability of the MCC composites was increased with increasing with content of MCC in the films but oxygen transmission rate was decreased.
Nadia A. Ali,
Seena I. Huseen,
Harith I. Jaffer,
Barrier, Mechanical and Thermal of Polyvinyl Alchol/Microcrystalline Cellouse Composites in Packaging Application, American Journal of Physics and Applications.
Vol. 5, No. 4,
2017, pp. 46-51.
Tayser Sumer Gaaz, Abu Bakar Sulong, Majid Niaz Akhtar, Abdul Amir H. Kadhum, Abu Bakar Mohamadand Ahmed A. Al-Amiery,2015“Properties and Applications of Polyvinyl Alcohol, Halloysite Nanotubes and Their Nanocomposites” Molecules 20, 22833–22847.
Andresen, M., Johansson, L. S., Tanem, B. S., and Stenius P.2006“Properties and characterization of hydrophobized microfibrillated cellulose. Cellulose, Vol. 13, pp. 665–677.
Boon Khoon Tan, Yern Chee Ching 1,: Sin Chew Poh, Luqman Chuah Abdullahand Seng Neon Gan 2015“Review A Review of Natural Fiber Reinforced Poly(Vinyl Alcohol) Based Composites: Application and Opportunity, Polymers, 7, 2205–2222.
Bella G. R., Jeba Jeevitha R. S and Avila Thanga Booshan S., 2016: Polyvinyl alcohol/Starch/Carboxymethyl cellulose ternary polymer blends: Synthesis, Characterization and Thermal properties, Int. J. Curr. Res. Chem. Pharm. Sci.3(6): 43-50.
Miao, C.; Hamad, W. Y., 2013 “Cellulose reinforced polymer composites and nanocomposites: A critical review. Cellulose, 20, 2221–2262.
Sun, X.; Lu, C.; Liu, Y.; Zhang, W.; Zhang, X., 2014 Melt-processed poly (vinyl alcohol) composites filled with microcrystalline cellulose from waste cotton fabrics. Carbohyd. Polym., 101, 642–649.
Hudson Alves Silvério, Wilson Pires Flauzino Neto, and Daniel Pasquini, 2013 Effect of Incorporating Cellulose Nanocrystals from Corncob on the Tensile, Thermal and Barrier Properties of Poly(Vinyl Alcohol) Nanocomposites, Hindawi Publishing Corporation Journal of Nanomaterials Volume, Article ID 289641, 9 pages.
M. Kobayashi, Y. Chang, and M. Oka, 2005 “A two year in vivo study of polyvinyl alcohol-hydrogel (PVA-H) artificial meniscus,” Biomaterials, vol. 26, no. 16, pp. 3243–3248.
J. Lu, T. Wang, and L. T. Drzal, 2008“Preparation and properties of microfibrillated cellulose polyvinyl alcohol composite materials,” Composites A, vol. 39, no. 5, pp. 738–746.
ASTM D-39852010Standard Test Method for Oxygen Gas Transmission Rate Through Plastic Film and Sheeting Using aCoulometric Sensor.
ASTM D-1434 2009 Standard Test Method for Determining Gas Permeability Characteristic of Plastic Film and Sheeting.
Denis Mihaela Panaitescu, Adriana Nicoleta Frone, Marius Ghiurea,, 2009 “Properties of Polymer Composites with Cellulose Microfibrils” Advances in Composites Materials - Ecodesign and Analysis, Romania.
Hardik Patel , Viral Shah and Umesh Upadhyay,2011 “New pharmaceutical excipients in solid dosage forms – A review” INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF PHARMACY & LIFE SCIENCES, 2(8).
Huiyu Bai. Yufei Li. Wei Wang. Guangliang Chen. Orlando J. Rojas. Weifu Dong. Xiaoya Liu,2015 “Interpenetrated polymer networks in composites with poly(vinyl alcohol), micro- and nano-fibrillated cellulose(M/NFC) and polyHEMA to develop packaging materials” Cellulose 22:3877–3894.
Moslem Sabaghi, Yahya Maghsoudlou, Parisa Habibi, 2015 Novel Kefiran-Polyvinyl Alcohol Composite Film: Physical, Mechanical and Rheological Properties, Nutrition and Food Sciences Research Vol 2, No 3,pages: 39-46.
Hye Min Kim and Heon Sang Lee:, 2014Water and oxygen permeation through transparent ethylene vinyl alcohol/(graphene oxide) membranes” Carbon Letters Vol. 15, No. 1, 50-56.
SHILPA VARSHNEY, 2014“Synthesis, Functionalization and Characterization of Wood PulpPolyvinyl Alcohol Composites for Abatement of Toxic Metals from Water Bodies” DOCTOR OF PHILOSOPHY IN CHEMISTRYDAYALBAGH EDUCATIONAL INSTITUTE(DEEMED UNIVERSITY) DAYALBAGH AGRA-282 005 February.
Alemdar, A., and Sain, M. 2008. Biocomposites from wheat straw nanofibers: Morphology, thermal and mechanical properties. Composites Sci. Technol, Vol. 68, No. 2, pp. 557-565.