Blast Furnace Slag as a Raw Material to Manufacture Gamma-Ray Transparent Shield Glass
American Journal of Physics and Applications
Volume 3, Issue 6, November 2015, Pages: 208-214
Received: Oct. 9, 2015; Accepted: Oct. 26, 2015; Published: Dec. 5, 2015
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Authors
A. M. Abdel_Ghany, Basic Science Dept., Faculty of Engineering Science, Sinai Univ., El-Arish City, Egypt
A. M. Zoulfakar, ME Lab., Phys. Dept., Faculty of Science, Al-Azhar Univ., Nasr City, Cairo, Egypt
T. Z. Abou-Elnasr, ME Lab., Phys. Dept., Faculty of Science, Al-Azhar Univ., Nasr City, Cairo, Egypt
M. Y. Hassaan, ME Lab., Phys. Dept., Faculty of Science, Al-Azhar Univ., Nasr City, Cairo, Egypt
A. G. Mostafa, ME Lab., Phys. Dept., Faculty of Science, Al-Azhar Univ., Nasr City, Cairo, Egypt
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Abstract
Some phosphate glass samples containing 30 mol% blast furnace slag (as iron industrial waste) and 20 mol% heavy metal oxides (cadmium and lanthanium) have been prepared by the melt quenching method. It was found that as La2O3 was gradually increased at the expense of CdO, gamma-ray attenuation coefficient increased while the half value layer decreased. Density and molar volume as well as the number of oxygen ion density increased gradually also. From the obtained data, it appeared that, these glasses act as suitable gamma-ray shield especially at high energies. The samples exhibit also semiconductor properties and have mixed conduction mechanisms of both CBH and SPH models. The electrical conductivity showed a decrease with the gradual increase of La2O3 content.
Keywords
Oxide Glass, Mass Attenuation Coefficient, Density, Electrical Conductivity, Dielectric Constant
To cite this article
A. M. Abdel_Ghany, A. M. Zoulfakar, T. Z. Abou-Elnasr, M. Y. Hassaan, A. G. Mostafa, Blast Furnace Slag as a Raw Material to Manufacture Gamma-Ray Transparent Shield Glass, American Journal of Physics and Applications. Vol. 3, No. 6, 2015, pp. 208-214. doi: 10.11648/j.ajpa.20150306.14
Copyright
Copyright © 2015 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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