The Effect of Cement Type and the Atmospheric Steam Curing Cycles on the Properties of Variable Types of Self-Compacting Lightweight Concrete
Journal of Civil, Construction and Environmental Engineering
Volume 3, Issue 2, April 2018, Pages: 39-46
Received: May 31, 2018;
Accepted: Jun. 22, 2018;
Published: Jul. 12, 2018
Views 1940 Downloads 191
Abdulkadir Cüneyt Aydın, Department of Civil Engineering, Atatürk University, Erzurum, Turkey
Muhammed Said Gül, Department of Civil Engineering, Atatürk University, Erzurum, Turkey
Ali Öz, Department of Construction, Narman Vocational School, Atatürk University, Erzurum, Turkey
Rıza Polat, Department of Civil Engineering, Atatürk University, Erzurum, Turkey
Türkay Kotan, Department of Civil Engineering, Erzurum Technical University, Erzurum, Turkey
Murat Kurt, Department of Architecture, Atatürk University, Erzurum, Turkey
With the steam curing technology, effective fast curing technique in prefabrication technology, the effect of atmospheric steam curing on the mechanical properties of variable types of self-compacting lightweight concretes and the combination of the properties of semi-lightweight self-compacting concrete are important engineering approaches, focused in this study, in terms of workable and lightweight concrete production that is easy to apply. The cement type (CEM I 42.5 and CEM II 32.5) and three types of aggregates (normal, pumice and raw perlite) were the parameters of the study, including three types of steam curing cycle. The manufactured concrete samples were not only tested for compressive strength and bending, but also for splitting tensile strength. The fresh and hardened unit weight, dimension check and ultrasonic pulse velocity observations were also obtained for all 108 concrete samples. The three steam curing cycles were about 36.5 hours for 65°C, 70°C and 75°C. These steam-curing cycles were designed according to predesign tests and literature. As a result, the cement type and aggregate effect on the steam curing regimes were obtained. The decrease in the compressive strength of lightweight pumice concretes by the curing temperature rise and the negative effects of CEM II 32.5 on the strength values were the other striking results of the tests.
Abdulkadir Cüneyt Aydın,
Muhammed Said Gül,
The Effect of Cement Type and the Atmospheric Steam Curing Cycles on the Properties of Variable Types of Self-Compacting Lightweight Concrete, Journal of Civil, Construction and Environmental Engineering.
Vol. 3, No. 2,
2018, pp. 39-46.
Okamura H. Self-compacting high performance concrete. Concr Int 19 (7): 50–4.
Okamura H, Maekawa K, Ozawa K. High performance concrete. Gihoudou Pub, Tokyo (1993) [in Japanese].
Yasar E, Atis CD, Kilic A, Gulsen H. Strength properties of lightweight concrete made with basaltic pumice and fly-ash. Materials Letters 2003; 57: 2267–70.
Rossignolo JA, Agnesini MVC, Morais JA. Properties of high-performance LWAC for precast structures with Brazilian lightweight aggregate. Cement and Concrete Composites 2003; 25: 77–82.
United States Geological Survey. Pumice and pumicite, statics and information. In: Mineral commodity summaries; 2008; 130–1.
Bonavetti V, Donza H, Menééndez G, Cabrera O, Irassar EF. Limestone filler cement in low w/c concrete: A rational use of energy. Cement Concrete Res 2003; 33: 865–71.
Bosiljkov VB. SCC mixes with poorly graded aggregate and high volume of limestone filler. Cement Concrete Res 2003; 33: 1279–86.
Demirboga R, Örüng İ, Gül R. Effects of expanded perlite aggregate and mineral admixtures on the compressive strength of low-density concretes. Cem. Concr. Res. 2001; 31: 1627–32.
Neville AM. Properties of concrete. 4th edition, London: Pitman Publishing Limited 1997.
Hwang, S., Khatib, R. H., Lee, S., Khayat, K., Optimization of steam-curing regime for high-strength, self-consolidating concrete for precast, prestressed concrete applications, PCI Journal, Vol: 57, Issue: 3, 2012, pp. 48–62.
Öztekin E. Beton Sertleşmesinin Hızlandırılmasında Isıl İşlem Çevrimi ve Çimento Seçimi, Tübitak Kurumu Bilgi Profili No: 31, 1980, Ankara, Turkey.
American Concrete Institute, Pressure steam curing, ACI Journal, Vol. 60, No 8, August 1963, pp 953-986.
Erdem TK, Turanli L, Erdogan TY. ‘Setting time: An important criterion to determine the length of the delay period before steam curing of concrete’. Cement and Concrete Research 2003; 33: 741-45.
A. Ramezanianpour et al., Influence of initial steam curing and different types of mineral additives on mechanical and durability properties of selfcompacting concrete, Construction. Building Materials. 73 2014:187–194.
Gonzalez-Corominas A, Etxeberria M, Poon CS. Influence of steam curing on the pore structures and mechanical properties of fly-ash high performance concrete prepared with recycled aggregates. Cement Concrete Composite. 2016:71:77–84.
EFNARC 2002 Specifications and guidelines for self-compacting concrete. EFNARC, Association House, 99 West Street, Farnham, UK, www.efnarc.org, ISBN 0 953973344, 32pp.
Nagataki S, Fujiwara H. 1994 Self-compacting property of highly flowable concrete, Advances in Technology. Proceeding from the second CANMET/ACI international symposium, SP-154, V M Malhotra (ed.), American Concrete Institute, Farmington Hills, MI, 209–226.
Khayat KH. Workability, testing, and performance of self-consolidating concrete. ACI Mater J 1999; 346–53.
Khayat KH. Workability, testing, and performance of self-consolidating concrete. ACI Mater J 1999; 96: 346–54.
Li V, Kong HJ, Chan YW. Development of self-compacting engineered cementitious composites. In: Proceedings, International Workshop on Self-Compacting Concrete, Kochi, Japan, August, 1998.
Okamura H, Ouchi M. Self-compacting concrete. J Adv Concr Technol 2003; 1: 5–15.
De Schutter G. Guidelines for testing fresh self-compacting concrete, European Research Project, Testing SCC, Growth Contract No. GRD2-2000-30024, 2001–2004.
Sahmaran M, Yurtseven A, Yaman IO. Workability of hybrid fiber reinforced self-compacting concrete. Build Environ 2005; 40: 1672–7.
Aydin, A. C., Oz, A., Polat, R., Mindivan, H., Effects of the Different Atmospheric Steam Curing Processes on the Properties of Self-Compacting-Concrete Containing Microsilica SADHANA Academy Proceedings in Engineering Sciences, Vol. 40, Part 4, June 2015, pp. 1361–1371.
Kurt M, Aydin, A. C., Gül, M. S., Gül, R., Kotan, T., The Effect Of Fly Ash To Self-Compactibility Of Pumice Aggregate Lightweight Concrete, SADHANA Academy Proceedings in Engineering Sciences, Vol. 40, Part 4, June 2015, pp. 1343–1359.
Hasar, U. C., Simsek, O., Aydın, A. C., Application Of Varying-Frequency Amplitude-Only Technique For Electrical Characterization Of Hardened Cement-Based Materials, Microwave And Optical Technology Letters/ Vol. 52, No. 4, April 2010, pp. 801-805.
Hasar, U. C., Akkaya, G., Aktan, M., Gozu, C., Aydın, A. C., Water-To-Cement Ratio Prediction Using ANNs From Non-Destructive And Contactless Microwave Measurements, Progress In Electromagnetics Research, PIER 94, 2009, pp. 311-325.
Kurt M, Kotan, T., Gül, M. S., Gül, R., Aydin, A. C., The Effect of Blast Furnace Slag to Self-Compactability of Pumice Aggregate Lightweight Concrete, SADHANA Academy Proceedings in Engineering Sciences, 41(2), February 2016, pp. 253-264.
Kurt M, Gül, M. S., Gül, R., Aydin, A. C., Kotan, T., The effect of pumice powder on the self-compactability of pumice aggregate lightweight concrete,, Construction and Building Materials, Vol. 103, 30 January 2016, pp. 36–46.