Please enter verification code
Confirm
Prediction of Debris Flow Occurrence in Jiuzhui Gully Based on Field Investigation
Journal of Civil, Construction and Environmental Engineering
Volume 2, Issue 6, December 2017, Pages: 147-152
Received: Oct. 13, 2017; Accepted: Oct. 27, 2017; Published: Nov. 24, 2017
Views 2090      Downloads 136
Authors
He Na, School of Civil Engineering, Henan Polytechnic University, Jiaozuo, China
Zhu Yuanjia, School of Civil Engineering, Henan Polytechnic University, Jiaozuo, China
Fu Shenlin, School of Civil Engineering, Henan Polytechnic University, Jiaozuo, China
Zhong Wei, Key Laboratory of Mountain Hazards and Surface Process, Institute of Mountain Hazards and Environment, Chinese Academy of Sciences and Ministry of Water Resources, Chengdu, China
Tom Cosgrove, Department of Civil Engineering & Materials Science, University of Limerick, Limerick, Ireland
Article Tools
Follow on us
Abstract
Jiuzhui gully is located in the Jiexu hydropower station project area, where the debris flow in Jiuzhui gully poses a great threat not only to the construction process, but also to the future operation. With the aim of reducing the risk of disaster caused by debris flow in Jiuzhui gully watershed, we conducted a systematic field investigation to obtain the basic data of this basin. In addition, remote sensing interpretation was employed to identify the area and location of source materials. By means of field investigation, the fundamental data of the whole basin can be acquired, including the topography, angles of the slopes, rainfall conditions, vegetation coverage condition and seismic activity. Combining the field investigation with remote sensing interpretation, the amount of the loose deposits can be calculated, and debris flow initiation can be preliminarily analysed. Subsequently, the debris flow development trend in Jiuzhui gully watershed can be determined from different perspectives. Finally, on the basis of the obtained data, a comprehensive analysis can be conducted, and the conclusion can be drawn that the source materials, rainfall conditions and energy conditions can easily initiate debris flow. So, without engineering countermeasures or an early warning system, the debris flow in Jiuzhui gully may pose a great risk to the construction process and future operation of the hydropower station. In addition, the frequency and scale of the debris flow will be greatly magnified under the coupled effect of a strong earthquake and heavy rainfall.
Keywords
Development Trend, Debris Flow, Jiuzhui Gully, Field Investigation
To cite this article
He Na, Zhu Yuanjia, Fu Shenlin, Zhong Wei, Tom Cosgrove, Prediction of Debris Flow Occurrence in Jiuzhui Gully Based on Field Investigation, Journal of Civil, Construction and Environmental Engineering. Vol. 2, No. 6, 2017, pp. 147-152. doi: 10.11648/j.jccee.20170206.11
Copyright
Copyright © 2017 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
References
[1]
Zhang S, Yang H, Wei F, et al. A model of debris flow forecast based on the water-soil coupling mechanism [J]. Journal of Earth Science, 2014, 25(4): 757-763.
[2]
Hu K, Wei F, Li Y. Real-time measurement and preliminary analysis of debris-flow impact force at Jiangjia Ravine, China [J]. Earth Surface Processes and Landforms, 2011, 36(9): 1268-1278.
[3]
Sun G, Huang Y, Li C, et al. Formation mechanism, deformation characteristics and stability analysis of Wujiang landslide near Centianhe reservoir dam [J]. Engineering Geology, 2016, 211: 27-38.
[4]
Alejano L, Ferrero AM, Ramírez-Oyanguren P, et al. Comparison of limit-equilibrium, numerical and physical models of wall slope stability [J]. International Journal of Rock Mechanics and Mining Sciences, 2011, 48(1): 16-26.
[5]
Bednarik M, Magulová B, Matys M, et al. Landslide susceptibility assessment of the Kraľovany–Liptovský Mikuláš railway case study [J]. Physics and Chemistry of the Earth, Parts A/B/C, 2010, 35(3): 162-171.
[6]
Fell R, Corominas J, Bonnard C, et al. Guidelines for landslide susceptibility, hazard and risk zoning for land-use planning [J]. Engineering Geology, 2008, 102(3): 99-111.
[7]
Cannon SH, Gartner JE, Rupert MG, et al. Predicting the probability and volume of postwildfire debris flows in the intermountain western United States [J]. Geological Society of America Bulletin, 2010, 122(1-2): 127-144.
[8]
Liu C-N, Dong J-J, Peng Y-F, et al. Effects of strong ground motion on the susceptibility of gully type debris flows [J]. Engineering Geology, 2009, 104(3): 241-253.
[9]
Huai-zhen FJ-rLX-zZ. Extracting and Analyzing Geometric Features of Landslides Induced by Wenchuan Earthquake Based on Remote Sensing [J]. Bulletin of Soil and Water Conservation, 2012, 32(2): 4-15.
[10]
Shen J. Spatiotemporal variations of Chinese lakes and their driving mechanisms since the Last Glacial Maximum: A review and synthesis of lacustrine sediment archives [J]. Chinese Science Bulletin, 2013, 58(1): 17-31.
[11]
Wu S-s, Yao Z-j, Huang H-q, et al. Responses of glaciers and glacial lakes to climate variation between 1975 and 2005 in the Rongxer basin of Tibet, China and Nepal [J]. Regional Environmental Change, 2012, 12(4): 887-898.
[12]
Yi C, Zhu L, Bae Seong Y, et al. A lateglacial rock avalanche event, Tianchi Lake, Tien Shan, Xinjiang [J]. Quaternary International, 2006, 154: 26-31.
[13]
Ji J, Shen J, Balsam W, et al. Asian monsoon oscillations in the northeastern Qinghai–Tibet Plateau since the late glacial as interpreted from visible reflectance of Qinghai Lake sediments [J]. Earth and Planetary Science Letters, 2005, 233(1): 61-70.
[14]
Tarplee MF, van der Meer JJ, Davis GR. The 3D microscopic ‘signature’of strain within glacial sediments revealed using X-ray computed microtomography [J]. Quaternary Science Reviews, 2011, 30(23): 3501-3532.
[15]
Kruse GA, Dijkstra TA, Schokking F. Effects of soil structure on soil behaviour: Illustrated with loess, glacially loaded clay and simulated flaser bedding examples [J]. Engineering Geology, 2007, 91(1): 34-45.
[16]
Menzies J, Zaniewski K. Microstructures within a modern debris flow deposit derived from Quaternary glacial diamicton a comparative micromorphological study [J]. Sedimentary Geology, 2003, 157(1): 31-48.
ADDRESS
Science Publishing Group
1 Rockefeller Plaza,
10th and 11th Floors,
New York, NY 10020
U.S.A.
Tel: (001)347-983-5186