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Reverse Osmosis Process Membranes Modeling – A Historical Overview
Journal of Civil, Construction and Environmental Engineering
Volume 2, Issue 4, August 2017, Pages: 112-122
Received: Aug. 17, 2017; Accepted: Sep. 4, 2017; Published: Oct. 9, 2017
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Author
Djamel Ghernaout, Department of Chemical Engineering, College of Engineering, University of Hail, Ha’il, Saudi Arabia; Department of Chemical Engineering, College of Engineering, University of Blida, Blida, Algeria
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Abstract
This paper presents an overview to the state-of-the-art area of mathematical modeling for reverse osmosis (RO) process. As a liquid-solid process, RO constitutes a valuable and vital physical solution for seawater desalination, wastewater depollution, and water treatment comparatively to the largely controversial and polluting chemical processes such as chlorination and coagulation/flocculation. Great works are required in modeling of RO technique in order to obtain a complete and exhaustive model. Complicated and varying raw water qualities and quantities parameters through time and space are rendering RO modeling hard. Be facing the increasing pollution levels and trying to satisfy the drinking water guidelines, RO membrane modification is often required. This situation made modeling this highly dynamic process more difficult to accomplish.
Keywords
Reverse Osmosis (RO), Thin-Film Composite (TFC), Desalination, Water/Wastewater Treatment, Seawater, Brackish Water, Concentration Polarization (CP)
To cite this article
Djamel Ghernaout, Reverse Osmosis Process Membranes Modeling – A Historical Overview, Journal of Civil, Construction and Environmental Engineering. Vol. 2, No. 4, 2017, pp. 112-122. doi: 10.11648/j.jccee.20170204.12
Copyright
Copyright © 2017 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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