Electrical Resistivity and River Flow Velocity Studies of Ebonyi River Bridge Sites at Onicha-Oshiri and Idembia Areas, Southeastern Nigeria
Journal of Civil, Construction and Environmental Engineering
Volume 2, Issue 2, April 2017, Pages: 59-65
Received: Mar. 4, 2017;
Accepted: Mar. 16, 2017;
Published: Mar. 30, 2017
Views 2239 Downloads 160
Ibeneme Sabinus Ikechukwu, Department of Geology, Federal University of Technology, Owerri, Nigeria
Ibe Kalu Kalu, Department of Geology, Federal University of Technology, Owerri, Nigeria
Eluwa Ndidiamaka Nchedo, Department of Geology/Geophysics/Physics, Federal University, Ndifu-Alaike Ikwuo, Nigeria
Chinyem Felix Iwebunor, Department of Geology, Delta State University, Abraka, Nigeria
Nwankwo Stephen, Department of Architecture, Federal University of Technology, Owerri, Nigeria
Bulus Joseph Azi, Department of Geology, University of Jos, Jos, Nigeria
Echendu Obi Kingsley, Department of Physics, Federal University of Technology, Owerri, Nigeria
Follow on us
Pre-design Geoelectrical and River Velocity studies have been carried out at two bridge locations: Ebonyi River at Onicha-Oshiri road and Ebonyi River at Idembia Ezza. The objectives of the studies are to determine the geoelectrical parameters with respect to structure and rock type at these locations in combination with geology and carry out the analysis of the river velocity at various points. Four Vertical Electrical Sounding (VES) stations and six Velocity profiles were established (two VES stations and three velocity profiles per bridge site). Three geoelectric layers were proposed for Onicha-Oshiri and four to five geoelectric layers for Idembia. These layers comprise of the Top soil with resistivity range of 290-950Ωm, Silty lateritic soil with resistivity range of 140-181Ωm, Hard lateritic soil with resistivity range of 724-860Ωm, Silty sand with resistivity range of 163-494Ωm and Mudstone with resistivity range of 52-100Ωm. Results of Onicha-Oshiri lot show that the velocity values range from 1.28ms-1 to 1.95ms-1. Along profile D, velocity values rise from point 1 to point 3. Along the present bridge profile, the values are nearly the same for points 1 and 2 and rise to 1.37ms-1 at point 3. However along profile F, the velocity value is higher at point 2 (middle of the river). At Idembia site velocity values range from 0.634m s-1 to 0.99m s-1. Apart from profile B where the value is highest at point 3 (edge of the river) values at profiles A and C have higher amounts at the edges and lower amounts at the central portion indicating increased scouring at the edges. The river at Onicha-Oshiri site has higher velocity possibly on the account of this site being at the youthful stage of the river. At Onicha end, the top lateritic matter is interbedded with fresh blue shale which may be offensive to any structure. This must be taken care of during construction by aiming at the hard sandstone below.
Asu-River, Electrical Resistivity, Idembia, Oshiri, Schlumberger, Velocity
To cite this article
Ibeneme Sabinus Ikechukwu,
Ibe Kalu Kalu,
Eluwa Ndidiamaka Nchedo,
Chinyem Felix Iwebunor,
Bulus Joseph Azi,
Echendu Obi Kingsley,
Electrical Resistivity and River Flow Velocity Studies of Ebonyi River Bridge Sites at Onicha-Oshiri and Idembia Areas, Southeastern Nigeria, Journal of Civil, Construction and Environmental Engineering.
Vol. 2, No. 2,
2017, pp. 59-65.
Copyright © 2017 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/
) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Thompson D. M. (2007). The characteristics of turbulence in a shear zone downstream of a channel constriction in a coarse-grained forced pool, Geomorphology, Vol. 83, pp. 199–214.
Victor G. Z. and Olga A. G. (2014). A Simple Physical Model of River Meandering. Journal of Geography, Environment and Earth Science International, Vol. 1 No. 1, pp. 1-8.
Schulze K., Hunger M., and Döll P. (2005). Simulating river flow velocity on global scale. Advances in Geosciences, Vol. 5, pp. 133–136.
Nicole M. G. (2014). Earth science: A fresh look at river flow. Nature, Vol. 513, pp. 490–491.
Luna B. L. (2010). Downstream change of velocity in Rivers. American journal of science, Vol. 25 No 1, pp. 606-6241.
Döll P., Kaspar F., and Lehner B. (2003). A global hydrological model for deriving water availability indicators: model tuning and validation. J. Hydrol., Vol. 270, pp. 105–134.
Tinkler K. J. (1997). Critical flow in rock bed streams with estimated values for Manningsn. Geomorphology Vol. 20, pp. 147–164.
Jarrett R. D. (1984). Hydraulics of high-gradient streams. J. Hydraul. Eng., Vol. 110 No. 11, pp. 1519–1539.
Wohl E. E. and Thompson D. M. (2000). Velocity characteristics along a small step-pool channel. Earth Surf. Processes Landforms, Vol. 25, pp. 353–367.
Wilcox A. C. and Wohl E. E. (2007). Field measurements of three-dimensional hydraulics in a step-pool channel. Geomorphology. Vol. 83, pp. 215–231.
Ibeneme S. I., Ibe K. K., Selemo A. O., Udensi S. C., Nwagbara J. O., Eze I. O., Ubechu B. O., Onwuka C. O. (2013). Geoelectrical Assessment of a Proposed Dam Site around Ehuhe area of Oji River, Southeastern Nigeria. Journal of Natural Sciences Research, Vol. 3 No 13, pp. 163-170.
Ibeneme S. I., Ibe K. K., Selemo A. O., Nwagbara J. O., Eze I. O., Ubechu B. O., Ibeneme I. L., Nwankwo E. J., Oparaoha J. O. (2013b). Geoelectrical and Geotechnical Data as Veritable tools for the Feasibility Study of the Proposed Imo River Dam site at Owerrinta, Southeastern Nigeria. Asian Journal of Science and Technology, Vol. 4 Issue 12, pp. 037-044.
Nnokwe N. N., Ibe K. K., Ibeneme S. I., Selemo A. O., Nwagbara J. O. (2014). Geoelectrical Characterization of Rock Formations Underlying the Idonyi River, Amaeke-Abam, Southeastern Nigeria. American Journal of Physics and Applications, Vol. 2, No. 1, pp. 35-45.