The Mechanism of Surfactant Assisted Dispersion of Single-Walled Carbon Nanotubes in Polyvinylpyrrolidone Solutions
Colloid and Surface Science
Volume 2, Issue 3, September 2017, Pages: 96-106
Received: Jun. 9, 2017; Accepted: Jun. 26, 2017; Published: Jul. 27, 2017
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Authors
Tennison Yu, Department of Chemical and Biochemical Engineering, Western University, London, Canada
Jose Efrain Herrera, Department of Chemical and Biochemical Engineering, Western University, London, Canada
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Abstract
Single walled carbon nanotubes (SWNTs) are an extremely attractive material due to their unmatched electronic, mechanical, and thermal properties, however; their hydrophobicity results in strong van der Waals interactions. This, combined with extremely high aspect ratios and flexibility, causes SWNTs to adhere strongly into tightly bundled ropes. In these bundles, SWNTs are not as useful as their linearized unbundled equivalents. In this contribution, the characterization of a system containing SWNTS, centrimonium bromide (CTAB) and the polymer, polyvinylpyrrolidone (PVP) is reported. Results indicate that although individually CTAB and PVP are poor dispersants of SWNTs, together they show a synergic effect. Characterizations studies on the obtained SWNT dispersions suggest that the polymer hydrodynamic radius should have a minimum length that corresponds to intertube separation distance to achieve stable nanotube dispersions and that the effective polymer contact area with the suspended nanotube, rather than the polymer molecular weight regulates ability for SWNT dispersion. The results present a series of considerations that are relevant for the use of polymers as nanotube dispersing agents and an overall facile way of augmenting current dispersion techniques, potentially allowing for increased usage of applications of these versatile materials.
Keywords
Single Walled Carbon Nanotubes (SWNTs), Dispersion, Surfactant, Polymers, Rheology, Cetyltrimethylammonium Bromide (CTAB), Polyvinylpyrrolidone (PVP)
To cite this article
Tennison Yu, Jose Efrain Herrera, The Mechanism of Surfactant Assisted Dispersion of Single-Walled Carbon Nanotubes in Polyvinylpyrrolidone Solutions, Colloid and Surface Science. Vol. 2, No. 3, 2017, pp. 96-106. doi: 10.11648/j.css.20170203.12
Copyright
Copyright © 2017 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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