Please enter verification code
Confirm
Mechanical Characterization of Composite Material as an Alternative for Partition Wall of Ethiopian Housing
Composite Materials
Volume 2, Issue 1, June 2018, Pages: 1-11
Received: Sep. 19, 2017; Accepted: Jan. 23, 2018; Published: Mar. 15, 2018
Views 1658      Downloads 202
Authors
Samueal Tadesse Ashagrie, Department of Mechanical Engineering, Aksum University, Aksum, Ethiopia
Fissaha Alem Aregawi, Department of Mechanical Engineering, Aksum University, Aksum, Ethiopia
Article Tools
Follow on us
Abstract
The present study, has been used both banana and Enset (Enset eventricosum) fiber for manufacturing the composite material used for partition wall. Enset is an indigenous natural fiber abundantly available in Ethiopia. Samples made of Enset and banana fibers for the test were collected from Jimma region and prepared by taking different fiber orientation and thickness as principal parameters. Then three mechanical tests were performed (i.e. tensile test, flexural test and compressive test). The tensile tests were performed for four samples of different thickness (i.e. 2mm, 4mm, 6mm and 8mm) with various fiber orientations using different matrixes (i.e. gypsum. CM-43 and Vinyl ester). For the flexural and compressive tests four samples of different thicknesses (i.e. 8mm, 10mm, 12mm and 14mm) for each orientation were prepared and tested by using gypsum as a matrix material. It was observed that the results obtained were fairly acceptable and closely equivalent to the existing partition wall of a house. In this study Taguchi experimental method was used for the optimization and realization of the experimental results.
Keywords
Natural Fiber Composite, Mechanical Characterization, Enset Eventricosum
To cite this article
Samueal Tadesse Ashagrie, Fissaha Alem Aregawi, Mechanical Characterization of Composite Material as an Alternative for Partition Wall of Ethiopian Housing, Composite Materials. Vol. 2, No. 1, 2018, pp. 1-11. doi: 10.11648/j.cm.20180201.11
Copyright
Copyright © 2018 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
References
[1]
A. N. Shah, S. C. Lakkad Mechanical properties of jute-reinforced plastics. (1981).
[2]
%Agrawal, R., Saxena, N. S., Sharma, K. B., Thomas, S., Sreekala, M. S. Activation energy and crystallization kinetics of untreated and treated oil palm fiber reinforced phenol formaldehyde composites. Mater. Sci. ENG., A277 (1-2), 77-82. (2000).
[3]
%Agrawal R., Saxena N. S., Sharma K. B Thomas S. &. Sreekala M. S, Mater. Sci. Eng. A, (2000), Alger, M. S. M. Polymer Science Dictionary. 2nd: Chapman and Hall (1996).
[4]
%Bekele E, Shigeta M. Phylogenetic relationships between Ensete and Musa species as revealed by the trnTtrnF region. Genetic Resources and Crop Evolution 58:259– 269. (2011).
[5]
%J. santhosh, Study of properties of banana fiber renforced composites (2004).
[6]
%Birmeta, G. Genetic Variability and Biotechnological Studies for the Conservation and Improvement of Enset ventricosum. Doctoral thesis ISSN 1401-6249, ISBN 91-576-67810 (2004.).
[7]
%Birmeta, G., Nybom, H. and Bekele, E.. Distinction between wild and cultivated enset (Enseteventricosum) gene pools in Ethiopia using RAPD markers-heredities 140: 139-148. Lund, Sweden. ISSN 0018-0661. (2004).
[8]
%Dheeraj Kumar. Mechanical Characterization of Treated Bamboo Natural Fiber Composite. International Journals of Advanced Mechanical Engineering ISSN 2250-3234 Volume 4, Number 5 (2014).
[9]
%Drzal, L. T., Mohanty, A. K., Burgueño, R. and Misra, M. Bio based Structural Composite Materials for Housing and Infrastructure Applications: opportunities and Challenges. Composite Science and Technology. (2003).
[10]
%Ekhlas Aboud Osman Al-BahadlyA thesis submitted for the degree of Doctor of Philosophy, Faculty of Engineering Swinburne University of Technology (2013).
[11]
%Herakovich C. T., Mechanics of fibrous composites. New York: Wiley; (1998). http://www.jmaterenvironsci.com.
[12]
%Joseph P. V, Kuruvilla Joseph, Sabu Thomas, Effect of processing variables on the mechanical properties of sisal-fiber-reinforced polypropylene composites, Composites Science and Technology (1999).
[13]
%J. santhosh, Study of properties of banana fiber renforced composites (2004).
[14]
%Rong, M. J., Zhang M. Q., Liu, Y., Yang, G. C., Zeng, H. M. The effect of fibre treatment on the mechanical properties of unidirectional sisal-reinforced epoxy composites. Composites Science and Technology, 61:1337-1447. (2001).
[15]
%Termonia, Y. Tensile strength of discontinuous fiber-reinforced Composites. Material Science, (1990).
[16]
%Young R., Rowell R., Shulz T. P. & Narayan RA. ctivation and Characterization of Fiber Surfaces for Composites in Emerging Technologies for Materials and Chemicals from Biomass, Eds., American Chemical Society, pag. 115 Washington D. C. (1992).
ADDRESS
Science Publishing Group
1 Rockefeller Plaza,
10th and 11th Floors,
New York, NY 10020
U.S.A.
Tel: (001)347-983-5186