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Review on Climate Change Adaptation Strategies in Ethiopia
International Journal of Energy and Environmental Science
Volume 5, Issue 3, May 2020, Pages: 51-56
Received: Jul. 27, 2020; Accepted: Aug. 12, 2020; Published: Aug. 31, 2020
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Edosa Tadesa, Department of Agricultural Economics, College of Agriculture, Oda Bultum University, Chiro, Ethiopia
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Almost all farmers in Ethiopia were depending on rainfall for their agricultural activities. Even if farmers depend on rainfall, climate change, especially drought highly affect the productivity of farmers in the country in general. The main objective of this review is to review household perception on climate change, adaptation strategies and determinants of choice of climate change adaptation strategies in Ethiopia. For this review secondary data was collected from published and unpublished documents related to this topic and organized. From the reviewed published and unpublished documents, smallholder farmers perceive climate change through local knowledge and their past experience rather than scientifically identified perception using GIS and remote sensing technology, farmers employed different climate change adaptation strategies such as cultivating different crops, planting different crop varieties, changing planting dates, use of soil and water conservation techniques, conservation agriculture practices and engaging in non-farm income activities. From the review result access to information, farming experience, number of households in one village, distance to main market, and income of household, and agro-ecological settings influenced farmers’ adaptation choices to climate change.
Adaptation, Choice, Ethiopia, and Review
To cite this article
Edosa Tadesa, Review on Climate Change Adaptation Strategies in Ethiopia, International Journal of Energy and Environmental Science. Vol. 5, No. 3, 2020, pp. 51-56. doi: 10.11648/j.ijees.20200503.12
Copyright © 2020 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License ( which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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