The Requisite to Avoid Risk of Probable Building Collapse in Nigeria
International Journal of Energy and Environmental Science
Volume 3, Issue 4, July 2018, Pages: 82-88
Received: Jan. 21, 2018; Accepted: Sep. 14, 2018; Published: Oct. 17, 2018
Views 409      Downloads 20
Nnadi Ejiofor, Quantity Surveying Department, Enugu State University of Science and Technology, Agbani, Nigeria
Article Tools
Follow on us
Construction activities in Nigeria have made the industry a focal risk point. This is because several building collapses which has resulted into huge losses of properties and human lives are yet to be curtailed. Some authors have written on this issue but it was observed that the spontaneous collapse of buildings in different locations has not yet triggered expected regulatory review in Nigeria. There are several reported and unreported total and partial collapse of buildings in major Nigerian cities like Lagos, Abuja, Onitsha, Kano and Port Harcourt, etc. Despite the availability of reliable building codes widely used in design; construction industry in Nigeria is still failing to meet acceptable standards; thus, resulting into risk of structural defects and subsequent building collapse. To find lasting solutions to tackling the challenges, this paper examines risk factors responsible for building collapse and its impact on Nigerian economy. Questionnaire and interview were used as instruments of data collection. The data gotten were analysis using tools like spearman’s ranking and T-test. The findings revealed that usage of unapproved materials; defective design and engagement of quacks as major construction operators are the top ranked factors with an overall mean of 4.12, 3.96 and 3.87 respectively. T-test also reveals that at 95% confidence level, all the assessed factors were significant, as a significant p-value of 5 was derived for all the assessed factors. Loss of materials and capital investments, Psychological trauma and creating damaged image to the country and loss of lives of RII of 0.87, 0.85 and 0.83 were highest rankings respectively as identified impact of building collapse in Nigeria. It was concluded that all the identified factors are all significant and their impact are significant on the live of the people, the economy and the country’s image. Mitigation measures were proffered to curb its further re-occurrence or control.
Building Collapse, Construction Industry, Design, Management, Risks
To cite this article
Nnadi Ejiofor, The Requisite to Avoid Risk of Probable Building Collapse in Nigeria, International Journal of Energy and Environmental Science. Vol. 3, No. 4, 2018, pp. 82-88. doi: 10.11648/j.ijees.20180304.12
Copyright © 2018 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License ( which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Fernandez R. F. (2014): Strategies to reduce the risk of building collapse in developing, PhD thesis Submitted to the department of Engineering and public policy, Carnegie Mellon University.
Chendo, I. G and Obi, N. I. (2015, citing Ikpo, 1998); Building Collapse in Nigeria: The Causes, Effects, Consequences and Remedies, International Journal of Civil Engineering, Construction and Estate Management Vol.3, No.4, pp.41-49.
Olagunju, R.E, Aremu, S.C and Ogundele, J (2013): Incessant Collapse of Buildings in Nigeria: An Architects view. Journal of Civil and Environmental Research. Vol. 3 No 4, 2013.
Afolayan J. (2014) Vanguard newspaper of October 7, 2014.
S. Shitanda, National Building Maintenance Policy (Ministry of Housing of the Republic ofKenya, Nairobi, Republic of Kenya, 2011).
Punch newspaper of 15th June, 2017.
Ede, A.N (2010): Building collapse in Nigeria: the trend of casualties the last decade (2000 -2010), International Journal of Civil & Environmental Engineering IJCEE-IJENS vol:10 no:06 32.
Arayela, O and Adam J.J (2001): Building Disasters and Failures in Nigeria. Causes and Remedies. Journal of the Association of Architectural Educators in Nigeria (ARCHES). Vol. 1 No. 6.
Abimbola O. Windapo and James O. Rotimi (2012): Contemporary Issues in Building Collapse and Its Implications for Sustainable Development, Buildings, vol. 2, pp 283-299.
Kothari C.R (2004): Research Methodology, methods and techniques, New Age International Publishers.
Yin, R. K. (2009): Case study research: Design and methods (4th Ed.). Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.
Nnadi, E. O. E (2015): Risk Management for Sustainable Project Delivery in Nigerian Construction Industry; A PhD thesis submitted to the Civil Engineering Department, University of Nigeria, Nsukka.
Science Publishing Group
NEW YORK, NY 10018
Tel: (001)347-983-5186