Assessment of Land Use/Cover Change and Urban Expansion Using Remote Sensing and GIS: A Case Study in Phuentsholing Municipality, Chukha, Bhutan
International Journal of Energy and Environmental Science
Volume 2, Issue 6, November 2017, Pages: 127-135
Received: Oct. 19, 2017; Accepted: Oct. 28, 2017; Published: Dec. 11, 2017
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Authors
Chimi Chimi, Department of Civil Engineering and Architecture, College of Science and Technology, Royal University of Bhutan, Phuentsholing, Bhutan
Jigme Tenzin, Department of Civil Engineering, Jigme Namgyel Engineering College, Royal University of Bhutan, Dewathang, Bhutan
Tshering Cheki, Department of Civil Engineering and Architecture, College of Science and Technology, Royal University of Bhutan, Phuentsholing, Bhutan
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Abstract
The rapid phase of urbanization and infrastructure development in Bhutan has been observed recently. This leads to causing of decrease in vegetation cover and growth in urban sprawl undergoing rapid land use/land cover change (LULC). This paper attempts to analyze the temporal and spatial patterns of LULC change and detects the urbanization processes of Phuentsholing city over a period of three decades (1996-2016) using multi temporal remotely sensed data. For this, the satellite images of Landsat 5, 7 and 8 were used to assess the changes of vegetation cover, built form and water bodies. This study has found that urban built area was increased from 6.7% in 1996 to 17% in 2016 and similarly vegetation cover was declined from 48.4% in 1996 to 49.9% in 2016. This urban expansion causes loss of vegetation cover that hinders the country’s regulation of retaining 60% forest according to The Constitution of the Kingdom of Bhutan. These finding can provide city planners and decision makers with information about the past and current spatial dynamics of LULC change to investigate, plan and monitor the urban development and management of Phuentsholing municipality.
Keywords
Land Use Land Cover (LULC), Geographic Information System (GIS), Remote Sensing (RS), Images Classification, Phuentsholing
To cite this article
Chimi Chimi, Jigme Tenzin, Tshering Cheki, Assessment of Land Use/Cover Change and Urban Expansion Using Remote Sensing and GIS: A Case Study in Phuentsholing Municipality, Chukha, Bhutan, International Journal of Energy and Environmental Science. Vol. 2, No. 6, 2017, pp. 127-135. doi: 10.11648/j.ijees.20170206.12
Copyright
Copyright © 2017 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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