Yield and Quality Traits of Soybean Cultivars Response to Different Planting Windows
International Journal of Statistics and Actuarial Science
Volume 1, Issue 3, June 2017, Pages: 55-59
Received: Mar. 9, 2017; Accepted: Mar. 29, 2017; Published: Apr. 19, 2017
Views 319      Downloads 21
Authors
Tariq Shah, Department of Agronomy, Faculty of Crop Production Sciences, University of Agriculture, Peshawar, Pakistan
Nazia Zaffar, Department of Microbiology, Faculty of Biological Sciences, Quaid-i-Azam University, Islamabad, Pakistan
Kalsoom, Department of Human Nutrition, Faculty of Nutritional Sciences, University of Agriculture, Peshawar, Pakistan
Abrar Ahmad, Department of Agronomy, Faculty of Crop Production Sciences, University of Agriculture, Peshawar, Pakistan
Arshad Jalal, Department of Agronomy, Faculty of Crop Production Sciences, University of Agriculture, Peshawar, Pakistan
Article Tools
Follow on us
Abstract
The field experiment was attempted to figure out the time of sowing for diverse cultivars of soybean in the agro-ecological environment of Charsadda, Khyberpakhtunkhwa. Experiment composed of planting windows (14th March, 21st March, 28th March, 4th April and 11th April) and two varieties (Swat-84 and Williams-82). The experiment was arranged in randomized complete block design with split plot adjustment having sowing windows in the main plot and genotypes in the subplot and replicated thrice. The data have been compiled on the number of pods per plant, the number of seeds per plant, height of the plants, 1000-weight of the seed, seed yield, biomass performance, protein content and oil percent. The statistical analysis of the data confessed significant differences between the means of attributes at contrasting sowing date treatments. The varieties with early sowing has assembled elevated yield and quality compared to delayed planting dates. The results have declared that a larger number of pods per plant and the number of seeds per plant were produced by 21 March and Williams-82. In the same way, the utmost seed yield (1648.10 kg ha-1 and 1441.23 kg ha-1) were also registered by 21th March, Williams-82 and 14th March, Williams-82, accordingly. Therefore, 21th March plantation was the outstanding for elevated yield of soybean. Whereas, among the two varieties Williams-82 proved the best results in Charsadda.
Keywords
Planting Windows, Quality, Soybean Cultivar, Seed Yield
To cite this article
Tariq Shah, Nazia Zaffar, Kalsoom, Abrar Ahmad, Arshad Jalal, Yield and Quality Traits of Soybean Cultivars Response to Different Planting Windows, International Journal of Statistics and Actuarial Science. Vol. 1, No. 3, 2017, pp. 55-59. doi: 10.11648/j.ijsas.20170103.11
Copyright
Copyright © 2017 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
References
[1]
Adeniyan ON, Ayoola OT. Evaluation of four improved soybean varieties under different planting date in relayed cropping system with maize under soybean/maize/cassava intercrop. Afr. J. Biotech. 2007; 6: 2220-2224.
[2]
Ahmed MS, Alam MM, Hasanuzzaman M. Growth of different Glycine max L. Merril varieties as affected by sowing dates. Middle East J. Sci. Res. 2010; 5: 388-391.
[3]
Andriani JM, Andrade FH, Suero EE, Dardanelli JL. Water deficits during reproductive growth of soybeans. I. Their effects on dry matter accumulation, seed yield, and its components. Agron J. 1991; 11: 737-746.
[4]
Board JE, Kamal M, Harville BG. Temporal importance of greater light interception to increase narrow-row soybean. Agron. J. 1992; 84: 575-579.
[5]
Board JE, Manjit SK, Harville BG. Path analysis of the yield formation process for late-planted soybean. Agro. J. 1999; 91: 128-135.
[6]
Boquet DJ. Plant population density and row spacing effects on soybean at post-optimal planting dates. Agro. J. 1990; 82: 59-64.
[7]
Calvino PA, Sadras VO, Andrade FH. Quantification of environmental and management effects on the yield of late-sown soybean. Field Crops Res. 2003a; 83: 67-77.
[8]
Calvino PA, Sadras VO, Andrade FH. Development, growth and yield of late-sown soybean in the southern Pampas. Eur. J. Agron. 2003b19: 265-275.
[9]
Egli, DB, Bruening WP. Potential of early maturing soybean cultivars in late plantings. Agro. J. 2000; 62: 19-29.
[10]
Evans LT. Crop evolution, adaptation and yield. Cambridge Univ. Press, UK. 1996.
[11]
Hu M, Wiatrak P. Effect of planting date on soybean growth, yield, and grain quality. Rev. Agron. J. 2012; 104: 785-790.
[12]
Kane MV, Steele CC, Grabau LJ. Early maturing soybean cropping system: II. Growth and development responses to environmental conditions. Agro. J. 1997; 89: 459-464.
[13]
Kantolic AG, Slafer GA. Photoperiod sensitivity after flowering and seed number determination in indeterminate soybean cultivars. Field Crops Res. 2001; 72: 109-118.
[14]
Khan AZ, Akhtar M, Ahmad R, Ahmad N, Shah P. Planting date and plant density effects on protein and oil contents of soybean varieties under the environmental condition of Peshawar, Pakistan. Online J. Bio. 2001; Sci. 1: 126-128.
[15]
Kumudini S, Hume DJ, G Chu. Genetic improvement in short season soybeans: I. Dry matter accumulation, partitioning, and leaf area duration. Crop Sci. 2001; 4: 391-398.
[16]
Lee JD, Hwang YH. Quality evaluation for vegetable use in local soybean cultivars with various seed coat color. Korean J. Crop Sci. 1998; 43: 83-88.
[17]
Moosavi SS, Mirhadi SMJ, Imani AA, Khaneghah AM, Moghanlou BS. Study of effect of planting date on vegetative traits, reproductive traits and grain yield of soybean cultivars in cold region of Ardabil (Iran). Afr. J. Agric. Res. 2011; 6: 4879-4883.
[18]
Naeve SL, Potter BD, Quiring SR, O’Neil TA, Kurle JE. Influence of soybean plant population and row spacing on development and yield across planting dates in Minnesota. Available at ww.soybeans.umn.edu.2004; pdfs/2004asaposter_1_spacingpla nting_screen.pdf (verified 11Dec.2007). University of Minnesota, Minneapolis.
[19]
NgalamuT, Meseka S, Ashraf M. Performance of soybean (Glycinemax L. Merrill) genotypes under different planting dates inSennar State of the Sudan. J. Appl. Biosci.2012; 49: 3363–3370.
[20]
Nishioka H, Okumura T. Influence of sowing time and nitrogen topdressing at the flowering stage on the yield and pod character of green soybean (Glycine max (L.) Merril). Plant Prod. Sci. 2008; 11: 507-513.
[21]
Pedersen P Lauer JG. Response of soybean yield components to management system and planting date. Agro. J. 2004; 96: 1372-1381.
[22]
Rehan J. Effect of planting patterns on growth and yield of different legumes. M. Sc. Thesis, Department of Agronomy, University of Agriculture, Faisalabad, Pakistan.2002.
[23]
Steel CC Grabau, LJ. Planting dates for early maturing Soybean (Glycine max L.) Cultivars. Agron. J. 1997; 89: 449-453.
[24]
Suryavashi, GB, Pawar VS, Umrani NK, Ransing SK. Effect of sowing date on yield and quality of sesame (Sesamumindicum) varieties. Indian. J. Agric. Sci. 1993; 63: 496-498.
[25]
Wade FF, Johnston TH. Effect of seeding date on growth and performance of rice in Arkansas AgriExpStaUniv Arkansas, Report Series, 1975; 224.
[26]
Wolf RB, Cavins JF, Kleiman R, Black LT. Effect of temperature on soybean seed constituents: oil, protein, moisture, fatty acids, amino acids and sugars. J. Am. Oil Chem. Soc. 1982; 59: 230-232.
ADDRESS
Science Publishing Group
548 FASHION AVENUE
NEW YORK, NY 10018
U.S.A.
Tel: (001)347-688-8931