Some Notes for Translating Vietnamese and English Sentences
International Journal of Language and Linguistics
Volume 7, Issue 6, November 2019, Pages: 269-276
Received: Aug. 10, 2019; Accepted: Sep. 5, 2019; Published: Oct. 25, 2019
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Author
Thanh Minh To, Faculty of Foreign Languages, Hoa Sen University, Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam
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Abstract
The paper is about how to identify the attributes closely related to the two notions named Subject and Đề, the latter including the Topic and the Range Topic, as well as to find out how to translate the Vietnamese sentences the basic structure of which is the Topic-Comment structure into the English sentences the basic structure of which is the Subject-Predicate structure. The paper starts with a selected Vietnamese declarative which in its typical Topic-Comment structure with a succession of three Range Topics in the initial position in order to show the time and space in which whatever presented in the Comment occurs. The paper then presents, one after another, the two suggested translated versions in English: the former requires a Subject which doubles as Topic, which is ‘you’ in this case, in order to play the semantic role of “the Actor”; the latter is an inverted sentence in English, which is definitely equivalent in sense and better reflects the very Topic-Comment structure as well. Considerable attention has been paid to the distinction between the Topic and the Range Topic in the Vietnamese sentences in question. Such a distinction is crucial not only to widely perceiving what is called “meaning” but also to producing well-formed translated versions, either from English into Vietnamese or vice versa. After the theoretical points that are based basically on Functional Grammar are some notes for translating Vietnamese and English sentences. Hopefully, this contributes to drawing the attention of those who have practiced translating, and hopefully professional translators as well, to sophisticated issues in translation, both from and into the English language, which is part of the whole process of language learning.
Keywords
Subject, Topic, Subtopic, Comment, Minor Comment, Range Topic, Subject-Predicate Structure, Topic-Comment Structure
To cite this article
Thanh Minh To, Some Notes for Translating Vietnamese and English Sentences, International Journal of Language and Linguistics. Vol. 7, No. 6, 2019, pp. 269-276. doi: 10.11648/j.ijll.20190706.14
Copyright
Copyright © 2019 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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