Characteristics of Conceptual Metaphor: A Case of Metaphorical Expressions Based on Human Senses in Vietnamese
International Journal of Language and Linguistics
Volume 7, Issue 5, September 2019, Pages: 240-244
Received: Aug. 20, 2019;
Accepted: Sep. 12, 2019;
Published: Oct. 5, 2019
Views 398 Downloads 83
Tran Thi Thuy Oanh, Faculty of English for Specific Purposes, University of Foreign Language Studies-The University of Danang, Danang City, Vietnam
Conceptual Metaphor (CM) is the main factor in the thinking process of people as well as in the way people perceive the around world and at the same time. Although they are using conceptual metaphors, they do not find it is a metaphor. In the view of Cognitive Linguistics (CL) - a quite new approach in linguistics considering language as part of general cognition and thinking. Regarding language as an essential part of cognition, the field of metaphors has been focused on in the research of linguistics in the world. This may be explained that researchers have found the general characteristics of metaphors in languages. Vietnamese is not an exception, especially in expressing CM based on human senses (HSs). In other words, in Vietnamese, people use conceptual metaphors in a way that think or conceptualize the “target” domain through the “source” domain by experiencing their body parts and the nature systematically. This article refers to the characteristics of metaphors in the view of CL in detail along with special evidences in Vietnamese metaphorical expressions based on HSs. The related words and phrases were saved in order to serve examining their meanings if they were concrete or abstract in the view of CL in the online dictionaries so that the meanings of them were explained the most completely along with the descriptive, analytic and synthetic methods which are for describing the data collected to set up a foundation for analysis in clarifying the CM’s characteristics. The study brought a both general and particular view for learning a language with a hope to be applied in the research’s content for teaching, learning and translating for learners or researchers of Vietnamese more effectively.
Tran Thi Thuy Oanh,
Characteristics of Conceptual Metaphor: A Case of Metaphorical Expressions Based on Human Senses in Vietnamese, International Journal of Language and Linguistics.
Vol. 7, No. 5,
2019, pp. 240-244.
Copyright © 2019 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/
) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Evans, V. and Green, M., Cognitive Linguistics: An Introduction. Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press, 2006.
Johnson, M., The Body in the Mind: The Bodily Basis of Meaning, Imagination and Reason, Chicago: Chicago University Press, 1987.
Kövecses, Z., Metaphor: A Practical Introduction (2nd ed.), New York: Oxford University Press, 2010.
Lakoff, G., The Contemporary Theory of Metaphor. In Ortony, A. (eds.). Metaphorand Thought. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1993.
Lakoff, G., Johnson, M., Metaphors We Live By, Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1980.
Lakoff, G., Johnson, M., Metaphors We Live By (Second Edition), Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2003.
Langacker, R. W., Foundations of Cognitive Grammar: Descriptive Application, Vol. 2, Standford, CA: Stanford University Press, 1991.
Langacker, R., Cognitive Grammar: A basic introduction, Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2008.
Lee, D.. Cognitive Linguisitcs: An Introduction. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2001.
Ly T. T., Cognitive Linguistics – From Theory to Practice in Vietnamese, Science and Society Press, Hanoi, 2005.
Nguyen V. H; Nguyen H. A, An Introduction to Cognitive Linguistics, National University Press, Hanoi, 2014.
Tran T. T. O. Applying the cognitive linguistic view of metaphor on innovating the teaching of English for Vietnamese learners, The 7th International Conference on Education Reform 2014, Pp 179-190, 2014.
Tran T. T. O. A cognitive study of expressions based on hearing in English and Vietnamese, The Asian Conference on Language Learning 2018. No: ISSN: 2433-7544 (online), ISSN: 2433-7587 (print), Pp 139-145, 2018.
Tran, T. T. O., Conceptual metaphor based on the senses in English and Vietnammese, National University Press, Hanoi, 2019.