ESP vs EFL; The Case of Learning Strategy Use in an Iranian Context
International Journal of Language and Linguistics
Volume 3, Issue 6, November 2015, Pages: 440-447
Received: Nov. 17, 2015; Accepted: Nov. 26, 2015; Published: Dec. 14, 2015
Views 4442      Downloads 129
Aliasghar Ahmadishokouh, Language Department, Faculty of Humanitarian, Tarbiat Modares University, Tehran, Iran
Ali Derikvand, Language Department, Islamic Azad University, Khoramabad, Iran
Article Tools
Follow on us
Learning strategies and learner strategies known as two key variables have affected language learning. These strategies also play a sensitive role in the learning context and in the learner’s internal processing preferences. The present study attempted to investigate language learning strategies used by Iranian EFL and ESP learners. The study sample consisted of 66 language learners (33 EFL learners and 33 ESP learners.). The research instrument was the Strategy Inventory for Language Learning (SILL) questionnaires (Oxford, 1990a), which is a standardized measure with versions for English as a second language (ESL) students and students of a variety of other languages. Independent-sample T-test was used to compare the means of ESP and EFL learners. The results of the study showed that there is a significant difference between Iranian EFL and ESP learners in terms of employing learning strategies. Furthermore, in order to find the difference within each group in using language learning strategies, repeated-measures on way ANOVA was used. The results of the study showed that there is a significant difference within each group of language learners (ESP and EFL) when it comes to employing learning strategies.
Language Learning Strategies, EFL Learners, ESP Learners
To cite this article
Aliasghar Ahmadishokouh, Ali Derikvand, ESP vs EFL; The Case of Learning Strategy Use in an Iranian Context, International Journal of Language and Linguistics. Vol. 3, No. 6, 2015, pp. 440-447. doi: 10.11648/j.ijll.20150306.28
Copyright © 2015 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License ( which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Brown (2007 Brown, D. H. (2007). Principles of language learning & teaching. (5th Eds.). Pearson: Longman.
Borzabadi, D. F. (2000). The relationship between language learning strategies and major field of study, sex, language proficiency, and learning style. Unpublished Ph.D. diessertation, Allameh Tabatabaee University.
Chamot, A.U. (2005). Language learning strategy instruction: Current issues and research. Annual Review of applied Linguistics, 25: 112-130.
Cohen (2012), Psychology forlanguage learning: InsighlS From l'eSean:h, theotyandpractice(pp. 136-150). InS. Mercer, S. Ryan, & M. Williams (2005.) Basingstoke. England: Palgrave Maan Uian.
Cook, V. (2008). Second language learning and language teaching. London: Edward Arnold.
Dörnyei, Z. (2005). The psychology of the language learner. Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum.
Ehrman, M. & R. L. Oxford. (1990). Adult language learning styles and strategies in an intensive training setting. The Modern Language Journal 74.3, 311-327.
GOH. CHRISTINE C. M Teaching and Learning Second Language Listening: Metacognition in Action. New York: Routledge, 2013.
Grenfell, M., & Harris, V. (1999). Modern languages and learning strategies: In theory and practice. London: Routledge.
Hurd, S., & Lewis, T. (2008). Language Learning Strategies in Independent Settings. Toronto: Multilingual Matters.
Jafari .S & Hajizadeh, R. (2012) Patterns of Language Learning Strategy Use among Iranian ESP Students. Iranian EFL Journal, 8(5):23-38.
O'Malley, J. M., Chamot, A. U., Stewner-Manzanares, G., Kupper, L.J. & Russo, R.P. (1985). Learning strategies used by beginning and intermediate ESL students. Language Learning, 35(1): 21-46.
O’Malley, J. M. & Chamot, A. U. (1990). Learning strategies in second language acquisition. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Oxford, R. L. (1990). Language learning strategies: What every teacher should know. New York: Newbury House/Harper & Row.
Oxford, R. L. (2003). Language learning styles and strategies: An overview. Learning Styles & Strategies/Oxford, GALA, 1-25.
Robin C. Scarcella and Rebecca L. Oxford (1992) Boston, MA: Heinle & Heinle Publishers.
Wenden, A. & J. Rubin, (1987). Learner strategies in language learning. Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice Hall.
Oxford, RL 1990a, 'Language learning strategies and beyond: A look of strategies in the context of styles', in Magnan SS (ed.), Shifting the instructional focus to the learner, Middlebury, VT: Northeast Conference on the Teaching of Foreign Languages, pp. 35-55.
Oxford, R.L., 1996a [Marianne – do we remove the “a” here?]: Language Learning Strategies.
Around the World: Cross-cultural Perspectives. Manoa: University of Hawaii Press.
Science Publishing Group
1 Rockefeller Plaza,
10th and 11th Floors,
New York, NY 10020
Tel: (001)347-983-5186