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External Debt and Economic Growth in Nigeria: Long Run Analysis
International Journal of Finance and Banking Research
Volume 5, Issue 6, December 2019, Pages: 180-187
Received: Sep. 29, 2019; Accepted: Oct. 28, 2019; Published: Dec. 25, 2019
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Paul Ndubuisi, Department of Banking and Finance, Abia State University, Uturu, Nigeria
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The role of external debt in economic growth of developing countries has been questioned since there has been a high incidence of default, low economic growth and high levels of poverty, all of which are associated with high stocks of external debt. Also, the uncertainties about country external debt sustainability position as well as whether countries are already trapped in the debt-overhang situation have underlined point of debate among scholars. This study investigates the dynamic relationship between external debt and economic growth of Nigeria for period of 1985 to 2017 using Johansen approach to cointegration, vector error correction model (VECM) and granger causality test. Data for the study was collected from the CBN statistical bulletin. The findings revealed that debt service payment has negative and insignificant impact on Nigeria’s economic growth while external debt stock has negative and significant effect on economic growth. The causality test indicates no-directional causality between external debt and GDP. From the findings, the study recommends that policy-makers should reformulate the external debt management strategy to minimize sovereign risk through diversification of the external borrowing. This could potentially be achieved by reducing the dependency on one specific debt instrument or currency. Hence, the strategy will be effective if it is carried out in parallel with a comprehensive surveillance and debt-monitoring system.
Conomic Growth, External Debt, Dependency Theory, Debt Servicing, Exchange Rate
To cite this article
Paul Ndubuisi, External Debt and Economic Growth in Nigeria: Long Run Analysis, International Journal of Finance and Banking Research. Vol. 5, No. 6, 2019, pp. 180-187. doi: 10.11648/j.ijfbr.20190506.17
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This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License ( which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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