Effect of Islamic Corporate Governance on the Relationship Between Pressure, Opportunity, Rationalization, Capability and Banking Fraud in Selected Banks in Nigeria: A Pilot Test
International Journal of Finance and Banking Research
Volume 2, Issue 5, October 2016, Pages: 163-166
Received: Jul. 29, 2016; Accepted: Aug. 4, 2016; Published: Aug. 16, 2016
Views 3251      Downloads 165
Authors
Ali D. Yusuf, Islamic Business School, College of Business, University Utara Malaysia, Sintok, Kedah State Malaysia
Umar Ahmad, Islamic Business School, College of Business, University Utara Malaysia, Sintok, Kedah State Malaysia
Mohammed Shahril Bin Ahmad, Islamic Business School, College of Business, University Utara Malaysia, Sintok, Kedah State Malaysia
Article Tools
Follow on us
Abstract
The aim of this paper is to examine a few sample data on the effect of Islamic corporate governance on the relationship between pressure, opportunity, rationalization, capability and banking fraud in selected banks in Nigeria. Thus, instruments such as content and face validity, reliability and the data normality were also examined based on the on revised version by an expert, a few data were analyzed using the statistical software SPSS version 17. The result reveals that the instruments are reliable and the data for pilot study show evidence of rational normality.
Keywords
Islamic Corporate Governance, Pressure, Opportunity, Rationalization, Capability, Banking Fraud and Pilot Test
To cite this article
Ali D. Yusuf, Umar Ahmad, Mohammed Shahril Bin Ahmad, Effect of Islamic Corporate Governance on the Relationship Between Pressure, Opportunity, Rationalization, Capability and Banking Fraud in Selected Banks in Nigeria: A Pilot Test, International Journal of Finance and Banking Research. Vol. 2, No. 5, 2016, pp. 163-166. doi: 10.11648/j.ijfbr.20160205.11
Copyright
Copyright © 2016 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
References
[1]
Adewumi, W. (1986), Fraud in Banks. Landmark Publications Ltd, Lagos.
[2]
Alreck, P.L. & Settle, R.B. (1995). The survey research handbook. Second edition, Boston: Irwin.
[3]
Association of Certified Fraud Examiners annual reports (2012).
[4]
Cavana, R., Delahaye, B. L., & Sekaran, U. (2001).Applied Business Research: Qualitative and Quantitative Methods. Singapore: Markono Print Media Ltd.
[5]
Chakrabarty, K. C. (2013). Fraud in the banking sector: cause, concern & cures. National conference on financial fraud organizes by ASSCH, New Delhi.
[6]
Churchill, G. A., & Peter, J. P. (1984). Research design effects on the reliability of rating scales: A meta-analysis. Journal of Marketing Research, 21(4), 360-375.
[7]
Central Bank of Nigeria (2010) Annual Report.
[8]
Central Bank of Nigeria (2013) Annual Report.
[9]
Hair, Jr., J. F., Money, A. H., Samouel, P. & Page, M. (2007). Research methods for business. Chichester: John Willey & Sons Ltd.
[10]
Hair, J. F., Jr., Black, W. C., Babin, B. J., Andersen, R. E., & Tatham, R. L.(2010). Mutilvariate data analysis (7th ed.). Upper Saddle River, NJ:Pearson Prentice Hall.
[11]
John, G.(2011). Law & Morality.
[12]
Krosnick, J.A. & Fabrigar, L.R. (1997). Designing rating scales for effective measurement in surveys. In L. Lyberg, P. Biemer, M. Collins, E. De Leeuw, C. Dippo, N. Schwarz and D.Trewin (Eds.), Survey measurement and process quality. New York: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
[13]
Litwin, M.S. (1995). How to measure survey reliability and validity. Thousand Oaks, California: Sage Publication.
[14]
Malhotra, N.K. (2008). Essentials of marketing: An applied orientation (2nd ed.). Australia: Pearson Education
[15]
Miller, C.D. (1991). Handbook of research design and social measurement. Newbury Park, California: Sage publications.
[16]
Nigerian Deposit insurance corporation annual report and statements of accounts various issues (2003, 2012).
[17]
Okeke, V.O.S & Uche, G.O (2012). The political economy of the propose Islamic banking and finance in Nigeria prospect and challenges, Kuwait Chapter of Arabian Journal of Business and Management Review, 1(7),
[18]
Pallant, J. (2001). SPSS survival manual: A step by step guide to data analysis using SPSSfor windows. Maidenhead, UK: Open University Press.
[19]
Rafil, I. B. (2008). Islamic Business Ethics.
[20]
Sekaran, U. & Bougie, R. (2010).Research methods for business: A skill building approaches (5th ed.). Chichester: John Willey & Sons Ltd
[21]
Shehu, A.Y. (2006). White Collar Crime and Its Impact on Foreign Relations of State, Unpublished MS.c Thesis Submitted to the Department of Political Science and International Relations, University of Abuja.
[22]
Tabachnick, B.G. & Fidell, L.S. (2007). Using multivariate statistics (5th ed.). Boston: Pearson Education Inc.
[23]
Transparency International (TI) (2012).Corruption and Perception Index. TI Publication, London, pp 1.
[24]
Transparency International (TI) (2013).Corruption and Perception Index. TI Publication, London.
ADDRESS
Science Publishing Group
1 Rockefeller Plaza,
10th and 11th Floors,
New York, NY 10020
U.S.A.
Tel: (001)347-983-5186