Unusual Case of Coloboma of the Iris with Dextrocardia and Criss Cross Heart Presented Later with Left Sided Diaphragmatic Hernia: First Case Report
American Journal of Pediatrics
Volume 4, Issue 4, December 2018, Pages: 100-103
Received: Oct. 24, 2018;
Accepted: Nov. 7, 2018;
Published: Dec. 3, 2018
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Sam Hassan, Department of Pediatrics, Mediclinic City Hospital, Dubai, United Arab Emirates
Sameer Sajwani, Department of Pediatrics, Mediclinic City Hospital, Dubai, United Arab Emirates
Pramond Warhekar, Department of Pediatrics, Mediclinic City Hospital, Dubai, United Arab Emirates
Ghassan Nakib, Department of Pediatrics, Mediclinic City Hospital, Dubai, United Arab Emirates
Syed Rizvi, Department of Pediatrics, Mediclinic City Hospital, Dubai, United Arab Emirates
Coloboma of the iris (CI) is an embryonic condition resulted from an incomplete formation of the iris which either presented unilateral or bilateral and as a single eye defect or in association of other eye anomalies. It happens either as an isolated condition or as part of syndromic features or other associations that are well reported in literatures. Coloboma of the iris has been reported in association with diaphragmatic hernia and in some syndromes with dextrocardia. It can happen in families with genetic presentation looks like autosomal dominant pattern, however other genetic pattern were also reported. The combination of CI, dextrocardia, Criss Cross Heart (CCH) which is a rare condition by itself and the congenital diaphragmatic hernia (CDH) has not been reported before. This report is about an unusual case of a boy presented after birth with left sided CI associated with dextrocardia and CCH, who presented later at the age of 16 months with left sided congenital diaphragmatic hernia that was not been diagnosed early. As far as this search for the English literatures concerned, this is the first report of this exclusive association. It is therefore, highly recommended to investigate cases of CI for an associated CDH especially if it is associated with congenital heart defects such as dextrocardia and CCH.
Unusual Case of Coloboma of the Iris with Dextrocardia and Criss Cross Heart Presented Later with Left Sided Diaphragmatic Hernia: First Case Report, American Journal of Pediatrics.
Vol. 4, No. 4,
2018, pp. 100-103.
Copyright © 2018 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/
) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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